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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #5606 - ὦμος

Word Origin
perhaps from the alternate of (5342)
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. a shoulder
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 3802 ‑ כָּתֵף (kaw‑thafe');  6654 ‑ צַד (tsad);  7926 ‑ שְׁכֶם (shek‑em');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (2) NAS (2) HCS (2)
Matthew 1
Luke 1
Matthew 1
Luke 1
Matthew 1
Luke 1

Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ὦμος, ὁ:

(v. sub fin.):

the shoulder with the upper arm (ὠλένη being the lower), ξίφεϊ κληῗδα παρ' ὦμον πλῆξ', ἀπὸ δ' αὐχένος ὦμον ἐέργαθεν ἠδ' ἀπὸ νώτου Il. 5.146, cf. 8.325, Hdt. 4.62; μεταφρένῳ ἐν δόρυ πῆξεν ὤμων μεσσηγύς Il. 5.41; τεύχε' ἀπ' ὤμων συλήσειν 15.544; ὦμος ς ριβαρός, ὦμοι ἴφθιμοι, 5.400, 18.204; εὐρέες 3.210; κυρτώ 2.217; ἀμφ' ὤμοισιν ἔχει σάκος 11.527, cf. S. Fr. 453; ἐπ' ὤμου.. φέρειν Od. 10.170, cf. Isoc. 19.39; ἀρεῖτ' ἐπ' ὤμου Herod. 3.61; κατ' ὤμου δεῖρον ib. 3; ἐπ' ὤμων πατέρ' ἔχων S. Fr. 373; τὰ ὦτα ἐπὶ τῶν ὤμων ἔχειν Pl. R. 613c; ὤμοισι φόρησεν Il. 19.11; ἑλὼν.. σάκος ὤμῳ 15.474; ὤμῳ or ὤμοισιν ἔχειν, 14.376, 1.45, al.; ὤμοις or ἐπ' ὤμοις φέρειν, S. Fr. 454, Tr 564; ἔχειν ἀνὰ φαιδίμῳ ὤμῳ Od. 11.128, 23.275; λαβὼν.. ὦμον εἰς ἀριστερόν E. IT 1381; ἐπ' ὤμοις θεῖναι Id. Ba. 755; κίον' οὐρανοῦ.. ὤμοις ἐρείδων A. Pr. 350; ὤμοισι τοῖσι ἐμοῖσι 'by the strength of mine arms ', Hdt. 2.106; ἀποστρέψαι τὸν ὦ. to dislocate it, Ar. Eq. 263 (troch.); ὁ δ' ὦμος.. πιέζεται Id. Ra. 30; τὸν ὦμον θλίβομαι Id. Fr. 323: pl. for sg., ὤμοις ἀριστεροῖσιν ἀνακλάσας δέρην E. Or. 1471. the shoulder is sts. more exactly specified as πρυμνότατος or πρυμνὸς ὦμος, Od. 17.462, 504; νείατος ὦ. Il. 15.341, 17.310; sts. opp. χείρ (the arm), χεῖρες ὤμων.. ἐπαΐσσονται 23.628; τῶν ἑκατὸν μὲν χεῖρες ἀπ' μων ἀΐσσοντο Hes. Th. 150; τοὺς ὤμους ἀποταμόντες σὺν τῇσι χερσί (arms) Hdt. 4.62; ἀποταμόντα ἐν τῷ ὤμῳ τὴν χεῖρα Id. 2.121. έ, cf. E. Ba. 1127, Arist. HA 493b26.

2. also of animals. as of a horse, Il. 6.510, 15.267, X. Eq. 8.6; of a lion, Hes. Sc. 430; of a dog, X. Cyn. 4.1; of crabs, Batr. 296; of birds, Plu. 2.983b; of ants, Gp. 13.10.14.

3. the shoulder, in a dress, ἐπὶ τῶν ὤμων τῆς ἐπωμίδος LXX Exodus 28:12; Exodus 25:1-40(29); ἐπὶ τῷ ὤμῳ τοῦ χιτῶνος ὑποθέντες Aen.Tact. 31.23 codd. (ἐπὶ τῇ ᾤᾳ cj. Haupt).

II metaph. of the parts below the top or head of any thing, esp. of the fork of a vine (cf. ὠμοχάραξ), Gp. 4.12.4; of the womb, Heroph. ap. Gal. 4.596, cf. Ruf. Onom. 195. (Cf. Lat. umerus (fr. *omesos), Goth. ams (stem amsa-), Skt. áṃsas, also Aeol. ἐπ-ομμάδιος, and (non-Greek) ἀμέσω Hsch.)

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ὦμος, ὤμου, (ὈΙΩ equivalent to φέρω ((?); allied with Latinumerus, cf. Vanicek, p. 38; Curtius, § 487)), from Homer down, the shoulder: Matthew 23:4; Luke 15:5.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ὦρος , -ου , ,

[in LXX chiefly for H7926, H3802;]

the shoulder: Matthew 23:4, Luke 15:5.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
List of Word Forms
ώμοι ώμοις ωμόν ώμον ώμος ώμός ωμοτόκησε ώμου ωμους ώμους ὤμους ώμω ώμων omous ōmous ṓmous
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