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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #915 - βάρβαρος

Transliteration
bárbaros
Phonetics
bar'-bar-os  
Word Origin
of uncertain derivation
Parts of Speech
Adjective
TDNT
1:546,94
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. one whose speech is rude, rough and harsh
  2. one who speaks a foreign or strange language which is not understood by another
  3. used by the Greeks of any foreigner ignorant of the Greek language, whether mental or moral, with the added notion after the Persian war, of rudeness and brutality. The word is used in the N.T. without the idea of reproachfulness.
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1198 ‑ בַּעַר (bah'‑ar);  3937 ‑ לָעַז (law‑az');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (6) NAS (6) HCS (6)
Acts 2
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 1
Colossians 1
Acts 2
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 1
Colossians 1
Acts 2
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 2
Colossians 1
BYZ TIS TR
A-DPM 1
A-NPM 2
A-NSM 3
A-DPM 1
A-NPM 2
A-NSM 3
A-DPM 1
A-NPM 2
A-NSM 3
NA WH
A-DPM 1
A-NPM 2
A-NSM 3
A-DPM 1
A-NPM 2
A-NSM 3


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

βάρβᾰρος, ον,

I

1. barbarous, i.e. non-Greek, foreign, not in Hom. (but cf. βαρβαρόφωνος) ; β. ψυχαί Heraclit. 107; esp. as Subst. βάρβαροι, οἱ, originally all non-Greek-speaking peoples, then specially of the Medes and Persians, A. Pers. 255, Hdt. 1.58, etc.: generally, opp. Ἕλληνες, Pl. Plt. 262d, cf. Th. 1.3, Arist. Pol. 1252b5, Str. 14.2.28; βαρβάρων Ἕλληνας ἄρχειν εἰκός E. IA 1400; β. καὶ δοῦλον ταὐτὸ φύσει Arist. Pol. 1252b9; οἱ β. δουλικώτεροι τὰ ἤθη φύσει τῶν Ἑλλήνων ib. 1285a20; β. πόλεμον war with the barbarians, Th. 2.36 codd.; ἡ βάρβαρος (sc. γῆ), opp. αἱ Ἑλληνίδες πόλεις, Th. 2.97, cf. A. Pers. 187, X. An. 5.5.16. Adv. -ρως, opp. Ἑλληνικῶς, Porph. Abst. 3.3.

2. esp. of language, φωνὴ β. A. Ag. 1051, Pl. Prt. 341c; γλῶσσα β. S. Aj. 1263, cf. Hdt. 2.57, Str. l. c. supr., etc.; συλλραφαί Hippias 6 D.; of birds, Ar. Av. 199. Adv., βαρβάρως, ὠνόμασται have foreign names, Str. 10.3.17.

3. Gramm., of bad Greek, Gell. 5.20.5; τὸ β., of style, opp. Ἑλληνικόν, S.E. M. 1.64.

II after the Persian war, brutal, rude, ἀμαθὴς καὶ β. Ar. Nu. 492; τὸ τῆς φύσεως β. καὶ θεοῖς ἐχθρόν D. 21.150; σκαιὸς καὶ β. τὸν τρόπον Id. 26.17; β. ἀνηλεής τε Men. Epit. 477: Comp. -ώτερος X. Ephesians 2:4 : Sup., πάντων βαρβαρώτατος θεῶν Ar. Av. 1573, cf. Th. 8.98, X. An. 5.4.34.

III used by Jews of Greeks, LXX 2 Maccabees 2:21. name for various plasters, Androm. and Herasap. Gal. 13.555. (Onomatopoeic acc. to Str. 14.2.28.)

Thayer's Expanded Definition

βάρβαρος, βαρβαρον;

1. properly, one whose speech is rude, rough, harsh, as if repeating the syllables βαρβαρ (cf. Strabo 14, 2, 28, p. 662; ὠνοματοπεποίηται λέξις, Etym. Magn. (188, 11 (but Gaisf. reads βραγχός for βάρβαρος); cf. Curtius, § 394; Vanicek, p. 561)); hence,

2. one who speaks a foreign or strange language which is not understood by another (Herodotus 2, 158 βαρβάρους πάντας οἱ Αἰγύπτιοι καλεουσι τούς μή σφισι ὁμογλωσσους, Ovid. trist. 5, 10, 37barbarus hic ego sum,quia non intelligor ulli); so 1 Corinthians 14:11.

3. The Greeks used βάρβαρος of any foreigner ignorant of the Greek language and the Greek culture, whether mental or moral, with the added notion, after the Persian war, of rudeness and brutality. Hence, the word is applied in the N. T., but not reproachfully, in Acts 28:2, 4, to the inhabitants of Malta (i. e. Μελίτη, which see), who were of Phoenician or Punic origin; and to those nations that had, indeed, some refinement of manners, but not the opportunity of becoming Christians, as the Scythians, Colossians 3:11 (but cf. Lightfoot at the passage). But the phrase Ἕλληνες τέ καί βάρβαροι forms also a periphrasis for all peoples, or indicates their diversity yet without reproach to foreigners (Plato, Theact., p. 175{a}; Isocrates, Euag c. 17, p. 192b.; Josephus, Antiquities 4, 2, 1 and in other writings); so in Romans 1:14. (In Philo de Abr. § 45 under the end of all nations not Jews. Josephus, b. j. prooem. I reckons the Jews among barbarians.) Cf. Grimm on 2 Macc. 2:21, p. 61; (Lightfoot on Col. as above; B. D. under the word ).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

βάρβαρος , -ον

(prob. onomatop., descriptive of unintelligible sounds),

[in LXX: Psalms 114:1 (H3937), Ezekiel 21:31 (H1198) 2 Maccabees 2:21; 2 Maccabees 4:25; 2 Maccabees 10:4, 3 Maccabees 3:24 *;] barbarous, barbarian, strange to Greek language and culture (and also, after the Persian war, with the added sense of brutal, rude): Acts 28:2; Acts 28:4, Romans 1:14, 1 Corinthians 14:11, Colossians 3:11 (v. Lft., in l, and Notes, 249).†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
List of Word Forms
βαρβαροι βάρβαροι βαρβαροις βαρβάροις βαρβαρος βάρβαρος βαρβάρου βαρβάρων barbaroi bárbaroi barbarois barbárois barbaros bárbaros
Lectionary Calendar
Thursday, September 19th, 2019
the Week of Proper 19 / Ordinary 24
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