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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #2600 - חִנָּם

Transliteration
chinnâm
Phonetics
khin-nawm'  
Word Origin
from (02580)
Parts of Speech
Adverb
TWOT
694b
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) freely, for nothing, without cause

1a) gratis, gratuitously, for nothing

1b) for no purpose, in vain

1c) gratuitously, without cause, undeservedly

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 95 ‑ ἀδίκως (ad‑ee'‑koce);  1431 ‑ δωρεά (do‑reh‑ah');  2756 ‑ κενός (ken‑os');  3152 ‑ μάταιος (mat'‑ah‑yos);  3155 ‑ μάτην (mat'‑ane);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (32) NAS (34) HCS (32)
Genesis 1
Exodus 2
Numbers 1
1 Samuel 2
2 Samuel 1
1 Kings 1
1 Chronicles 1
Job 4
Psalms 5
Proverbs 6
Isaiah 2
Jeremiah 1
Lamentations 1
Ezekiel 2
Malachi 1
Genesis 1
Exodus 2
Numbers 1
1 Samuel 2
2 Samuel 1
1 Kings 1
1 Chronicles 1
Job 4
Psalms 5
Proverbs 6
Isaiah 2
Jeremiah 1
Lamentations 1
Ezekiel 2
Malachi 1
Genesis 1
Exodus 2
Numbers 1
1 Samuel 2
2 Samuel 1
1 Kings 1
1 Chronicles 1
Job 4
Psalms 6
Proverbs 6
Isaiah 2
Jeremiah 1
Lamentations 1
Ezekiel 2
Malachi 1
BYZ TIS TR
P-d 30
P-d 31
P-d 31
NA WH


Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1175) nh (ההנ HhN) AC: Camp CO: Camp AB: Beauty: The pictograph h is a picture of a wall. The n is a picture of a seed meaning "to continue". Combined these mean "wall continues". A nomads camp consisted of many family tents, which make up the clan camp. The camp can have as many as fifty tents or more in it. The tents are placed in a circular configuration, forming one continuous wall surrounding the camp. (eng: home - an exchange for the m and n)

A) nh (ההנ HhN) AC: ? CO: Camp AB: Beauty: Within this wall is the family clan, a place of freedom, compassion and beauty. An encampment of tents. The tent is supported by the poles.

Nm) nh (ההנ HhN) - Beauty: As the beauty of the camp. To give or show beauty, grace or mercy to another. KJV (69): grace, favour, gracious, pleasant, precious - Strongs: H2580 (חֵן)

Nf3) tfnh (ההנות HhNWT) - Room: As surrounded by walls. KJV (1): cabin - Strongs: H2588 (חָנוּת)

Nf4) tinh (ההנית HhNYT) - Sp |kjv: spear, javelin - Strongs: H2595 (חֲנִית)

if1 ) enht (תההנה THhNH) - I. Beauty:As the beauty of the camp. To give or show beauty, grace or mercy to another. II. Supplication:KJV (25): supplication, favour, grace - Strongs: H8467 (תְּחִנָּה)

if1) enht (תההנה THhNH) - Camp: KJV (1): camp - Strongs: H8466 (תַּחֲנָה)

pm) mnh (ההנמ HhNM) - Freely: To work or do an action without wages or without cause. [Unknown connection to root;] KJV (32): without cause, for nought, causeless, in vain, free, without cost, freely, innocent, cost me nothing, for nothing, without wages - Strongs: H2600 (חִנָּם)

B) nnh (ההננ HhNN) AC: ? CO: ? AB: Compassion: Within this wall is the family clan, a place of freedom, compassion and beauty. An encampment of tents.

V) nnh (ההננ HhNN) - Beauty: As the beauty of the camp. To give or show beauty, grace or mercy to another. KJV (82): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hitpael, Hophal, Piel) mercy, gracious, merciful, supplication, favour, besought, pity - Strongs: H2589 (חַנּוֹת), H2603 (חָנַן), H2604 (חֲנַן)

bf) ninh (ההנינ HhNYN) - Compassion: KJV (1): favour - Strongs: H2594 (חֲנִינָה)

dm) nfnh (ההנונ HhNWN) - Compassion: KJV (13): gracious - Strongs: H2587 (חַנּוּן)

idm) nfnht (תההנונ THhNWN) - Supplication: KJV (18): supplications, intreaties - Strongs: H8469 (תַּחֲנוּנָה)

H) enh (ההנה HhNH) AC: ? CO: Camp AB: ?: The first step to setting up the tent is to arrange the poles. The tent poles were sharpened at one end (and could be used as a weapon) and were driven into the ground. An encampment of tents.

V) enh (ההנה HhNH) - Camp: To stop for the night and pitch the tents. KJV (143): (vf: Paal) pitch, encamp, camp, abide, dwelt, lie, rest - Strongs: H2583 (חָנָה)

am) enhm (מההנה MHhNH) - Camp: The inhabitants of a camp. KJV (216): camp, host, company, tent, army, band, battle, drove - Strongs: H4264 (מַחֲנֶה)

M) nih (ההינ HhYN) AC: ? CO: ? AB: Beauty: As the beauty of the camp. To give or show beauty, grace or mercy to another.

Nm) nih (ההינ HhYN) - Beauty: KJV (1): comely - Strongs: H2433 (חִין)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2019
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 חִנָּם substantive, used chiefly in the accusative as

adverb (compare Assyrian annáma, in vain, Dl K 7, Proverbs 44; from הֵּן, with aff. םָ֯, which is sometimes found in substantives proper, as סֻלָּם, and proper names, but is more particularly used with substantives applied adverbially, as יוֺמָםאָמְנָם, דּוּמָם, רֵיקָם: Sta§ 203 Ba NB § 216) — literally out of favour; i.e.

a. gratis, gratuitously, for nothing, עָבַד חִנָּם to serve for nought Genesis 29:15; Job 1:9; Isaiah 52:3 to be sold (figurative) for nought Isaiah 52:5; Exodus 21:2,11 יָצָא חִנָּם to go out(from slavery) freely, for nothing, Numbers 11:5 which we used to eat in Egyptian for nought, Jeremiah 22:13; 1 Chronicles 21:24; in the Genitive 2 Samuel 24:24 עֹלוֺת חִנָּם i.e. burnt-offerings which cost nothing (in the "" 1 Chronicles 21:24 the construction is changed).

b. for no purpose, in vain Proverbs 1:17; Malachi 1:10: once אֶל חִנָּם (compare אֶל 7) Ezekiel 6:10.

c. gratuitously, without cause, undeservedly, especially of groundless hostility or attack, 1 Samuel 19:5 לְהָמִית חִנָּם to slay David without cause, 1 Samuel 25:31; Psalm 35:7 (twice in verse); Psalm 109:3; Psalm 119:161 רְדָפוּנִי חִנָּם, Proverbs 1:11; Proverbs 3:30; Proverbs 23:29; Job 2:3 ׳לְבַלְּעוֺ ח Job 9:17; Job 22:6; Ezekiel 14:23; Psalm 35:19; and Psalm 69:5 שׂנְאַי חִנָּם my haters without cause, Lamentations 3:52 אֹיְבַיחִנָּם; in the Genitive 1 Kings 2:31 דְּמֵי חִנָּם blood shed without cause (compare 1 Samuel 25:31), Proverbs 24:28 ׳אֲלתְּֿהִי עֵד חבְּרֵעֶ֑ךָ, Proverbs 26:2 ׳קִלְלַת ח the causeless curse.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

חִנָּם adv. (from חֵן the syllable ־ָם, with which adverbs are formed)

(1) gratis, gratuitously, for nothing, Genesis 29:15; Exodus 21:2; 2 Samuel 24:24 without reward, Job 1:9.

(2) in vain, Proverbs 1:17 more fully אֶל־חִנָּם (Germ. für umfonft), Ezekiel 6:10. Compare δωρεάν, N. Test. gratis, in vain, and frustra, in Plautus, for gratis.

(3) without cause, rashly, undeservedly. Job 2:3, 9:17 Psalms 35:7; 1 Kings 2:31, דְּמֵי־חִנָּם innocent blood; Proverbs 26:2 compare Lehrgeb. p. 827.

[“חָנַם an unused and doubtful root, whence the two following words.”]

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List of Word Forms
הַֽחִנָּ֔ם החנם חִ֝נָּ֗ם חִ֫נָּ֥ם חִ֭נָּם חִנָּ֑ם חִנָּ֔ם חִנָּ֖ם חִנָּ֗ם חִנָּ֣ם חִנָּ֤ם חִנָּֽם׃ חִנָּם֙ חנם חנם׃ chinNam Chinnom ha·ḥin·nām hachinNam haḥinnām ḥin·nām ḥinnām
Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, December 11th, 2019
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