Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #2583 - חָנָה
1) to decline, incline, encamp, bend down, lay siege against
1a1) to decline
1a2) to encamp
1175) nh (ההנ HhN) AC: Camp CO: Camp AB: Beauty: The pictograph h is a picture of a wall. The n is a picture of a seed meaning "to continue". Combined these mean "wall continues". A nomads camp consisted of many family tents, which make up the clan camp. The camp can have as many as fifty tents or more in it. The tents are placed in a circular configuration, forming one continuous wall surrounding the camp. (eng: home - an exchange for the m and n)
pm) mnh (ההנמ HhNM) - Freely: To work or do an action without wages or without cause. [Unknown connection to root;] KJV (32): without cause, for nought, causeless, in vain, free, without cost, freely, innocent, cost me nothing, for nothing, without wages - Strongs: H2600 (חִנָּם)
V) nnh (ההננ HhNN) - Beauty: As the beauty of the camp. To give or show beauty, grace or mercy to another. KJV (82): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hitpael, Hophal, Piel) mercy, gracious, merciful, supplication, favour, besought, pity - Strongs: H2589 (חַנּוֹת), H2603 (חָנַן), H2604 (חֲנַן)
H) enh (ההנה HhNH) AC: ? CO: Camp AB: ?: The first step to setting up the tent is to arrange the poles. The tent poles were sharpened at one end (and could be used as a weapon) and were driven into the ground. An encampment of tents.
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
חָנָה fut. יַחֲנֶה, apoc. וַיִּחַן
(1) to bow down, to incline (to decline). (Kindred roots are חָנַן, עָנָח. Arab. حنا to bend, to incline; metaph. to be inclined to any thing; compare חָפֵץ.) Judges 19:9, הִנֵּה חֲנוֹת הַיּוֹם “behold the inclining of the day,” the day already declining. Hence חֲנִית a spear, from its flexibility.
(2) to set oneself down, to pitch one’s tent, Genesis 26:17 to encamp, Exodus 13:20, 17:1 19:2. Numbers 1:50, בַּחֲנוֹת הַמִּשְׁכָּן “where the tabernacle is let down,” i.e. is pitched.
(a) followed by עַל to encamp against any person or city; hence to besiege, Psalms 27:3; 2 Samuel 12:28; Isaiah 29:3. Followed by an acc. id. Psalms 53:6.
(b) to defend any thing, followed by לְ Zechariah 9:8 compare Psalms 34:8.
(3) to inhabit, Isaiah 29:1.
Derivatives, חָנוּת, חֲנִית, מַחֲנֶה, תַּחֲנוֹת pr.n. תַּחַן.
the First Week of Lent