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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #2748 - חַרְטֹם

Word Origin
from the same as (02747)
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) diviner, magician, astrologer

1a) engraver, writer (only in derivative sense of one possessed of occult knowledge)

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 4680 ‑ σοφός (sof‑os');  5333 ‑ φάρμακος (far‑mak‑os');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (11) NAS (11) HCS (11)
Genesis 2
Exodus 6
Daniel 2
Genesis 2
Exodus 6
Daniel 2
Genesis 2
Exodus 7
Daniel 2
n-cmp 8
n-cmpc 3
n-cmp 8
n-cmpc 3
n-cmp 8
n-cmpc 3

Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2203) urh (ההרתה HhRTh) AC: Engrave CO: Pen AB: ?: [from: lh- sharp]

Nm ) urh (ההרתה HhRTh) - Pen: A tool making markings or inscriptions by carving on stone or writing on a scroll. KJV (2): graving tool, pen - Strongs: H2747 (חֶרֶט)

bm) uirh (ההריתה HhRYTh) - Satchel: Used for carrying items such as tools. KJV (2): bag, crisping pin - Strongs: H2754 (חָרִט)

qpm) mfurh (ההרתהומ HhRThWM) - Magician: One who writes magical circles and lines. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (16): magician - Strongs: H2748 (חַרְטֹם), H2749 (חַרְטֹם)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2020
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 [חַרְטֹם] noun masculine Exodus 7:22 engraver, writer, only in derived sense of one possessed of occult knowledge, diviner, astrologer, magician (probably = ם + חֶרֶט, see Di Ol§ 216,5 Sta§§ 295,327 a) ** the fact that the word is always applied to Egyptian magicians, except Daniel 2:2 (late), suggests Egyptian origin, but no agreement among Egyptologists: Harkavy James , 1870, Mars-Avril, 169 proposes χαρ, speak + tum, hidden = teller of hidden things; Wied Samml 44 thinks Hebrew word perhaps imitating an Egyptian cher-‰em-t, he who holds the book; FC Cook'Speaker's' Comm. i. 279 proposes cher-tum = bearer of sacred words. — only plural absolute חַרְטֻמִּים Genesis 41:24 4t.; חַרְטֻמִּם Exodus 8:15; Exodus 9:11; construct חַרְטֻמֵּי Genesis 41:8 2t.; —

1 magicians of Egypt Genesis 41:8 (E; "" חֲכָמִים), Genesis 41:24 (E), Exodus 8:3; Exodus 8:14; Exodus 8:15; Exodus 7:11 ("" חֲכָמִים, מְכַשְּׁפִים), Exodus 7:22; Exodus 9:11 (twice in verse) (all P).

2 magicians of Babylon Daniel 2:2 ("" אַשָּׁפִים, מְכַשְּׁפִים, כַּשְׂדִּים).

II. חרט (√ of following; relation to I. חרט obscure).

חַרְטֹם noun masculine magician (Biblical Hebrew id quod, √ I. חרט); — absolute Daniel 2:10; plural absolute חַרְטֻמִּין Daniel 2:27; Daniel 5:11; מַּיָא- Daniel 4:4,6.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

חַרְטֹם m. only in plur. חַרְטֻמִּים sacred scribes, skilled in the sacred writing (i.e. in the hieroglyphics), ἱερογραμματεῖς, a kind of Egyptian priests (see Jablonskii Prolegg., in Panth. Ægypt., page 91, seq. Creuzer, Mythologie und Symbolik, i. p. 245). Genesis 41:8, 24 Genesis 41:24; Exodus 7:11, 22 8:3 14:15 9:11 this name is also applied to the Babylonian magi, Daniel 1:20, 2:2. This word appears to me to be of Hebrew origin, whether it be derived from חֶרֶט a style, and ־ֹם formative (comp. פִּדְיוֹם from פָּדָה, דָּרוֹם from דָּרַר), or whether it be taken as a quadriliteral, formed from the triliterals חָרַט and חָרַם to be sacred. But, however, it is not an improbable opinion that the Hebrews imitated in these letters a similar Egyptian word (comp. אַבְרֵךְ, משֶׁה, בְּהֵמוֹת); thus, according to Jablonski (loc. cit., and Opuscc. ed. te Water, i. p. 401) ⲉⲣϫⲱⲙ thaumaturgus, or according to Ignatius Rossius (in Etymol. Ægypt., p. 366) ⲥⲁⲣⲉⲥⲧⲱⲙ i.e. guardian of secret things. On the other hand it seems altogether absurd to seek for this word, which occurs so frequently in the Pentateuch, another etymology when found in Daniel, by deriving it from the Persic; namely, from خردمند chyredmand (not chardamand), endued with wisdom. Besides Jablonski and Rossius, see Michaëlis Supplem. p. 920; Rosenmüller ad Bocharti Hieroz. ii. page 468; Pfeifferi Dubia Vexata, ad Exodus 7:11.

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List of Word Forms
בַּֽחֲרְטֻמִּ֖ם בחרטמם הַֽחֲרְטֻמִּ֖ים הַֽחַרְטֻמִּ֔ים הַֽחַרְטֻמִּ֗ים הַֽחַרְטֻמִּים֙ הַחַרְטֻמִּ֧ים החרטמים חַרְטֻמֵּ֥י חרטמי לַֽחַרְטֻמִּ֜ים לחרטמים ba·ḥăr·ṭum·mim bachartumMim baḥărṭummim chartumMei ha·ḥar·ṭum·mîm ha·ḥăr·ṭum·mîm hachartumMim haḥarṭummîm haḥărṭummîm ḥar·ṭum·mê ḥarṭummê la·ḥar·ṭum·mîm lachartumMim laḥarṭummîm
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