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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #4285 - מַחְשָׁךְ

Word Origin
from (02821)
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) dark place, darkness, secrecy

1a) hiding-place

1b) dark region

1c) grave

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 5004 ‑ ταλαιπωρία (tal‑ahee‑po‑ree'‑ah);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (7) NAS (7) HCS (7)
Psalms 4
Isaiah 2
Lamentations 1
Psalms 4
Isaiah 2
Lamentations 1
Psalms 4
Isaiah 2
Lamentations 1
n-cmp 3
n-cmpc 1
n-cms 3
n-cmp 3
n-cmpc 1
n-cms 3
n-cmp 3
n-cmpc 1
n-cms 3

Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2215) ksh (ההסהכ HhShK) AC: Darken CO: Dark AB: Darkness: [from: hs- a dark place]

V) ksh (ההסהכ HhShK) - Darken: KJV (19): (vf: Paal, Hiphil) darken, dark, blacker, darkness, dim, hide - Strongs: H2821 (חָשַׁךְ)

Nf1) eksh (ההסהכה HhShKH) - Dark: KJV (6): dark, darkness - Strongs: H2824 (חֶשְׁכָה), H2825 (חֲשֵׁיכָה)

am) kshm (מההסהכ MHhShK) - Dark place: KJV (7): darkness, dark - Strongs: H4285 (מַחְשָׁךְ)

cm) kfsh (ההסהוכ HhShWK) - Darkness: [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (2): mean - Strongs: H2816 (חֲשׁוֹךְ), H2823 (חָשֹׁךְ)

gm) ksfh (ההוסהכ HhWShK) - Darkness: KJV (80): darkness, dark, obscurity, night - Strongs: H2822 (חשֶׁךְ)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2020
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 מַחְשַׁךְ noun masculine dark place (poetry) — absolute ׳מ Isaiah 29:15; Isaiah 42:16; מַחְשָׁ֑ךְ Psalm 88:19; plural מַחֲשַׁכִּים Psalm 88:7; Psalm 143:3 = Lamentations 3:6 construct מַחֲשַׁכֵּי Psalm 74:20; — dark place:

a. = hiding-place אֿרץ׳מח Psalm 74:20.

b. dark region, in which men may lose their way Isaiah 42:16.

c. = grave, or שׁאול Psalm 88:19 (see Che); of dark place of God's wrath (like She' ô l) Psalm 88:7; compare Psalm 143:3 = Lamentations 3:6.

d. = secret place, secrecy (of plots) Isaiah 29:15.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

מַחְשָׁךְ m. (from the root חָשַׁךְ), darkness, Isa. 29:15. Ps. 88:19, מְיֻדָּעַי מַחְשָׁךְ “my acquaintances (are) in darkness;” i.e. have withdrawn from my sight.

Pl. מַחֲשַׁכִּים obscure or dark places, Psalms 88:7, 74:20, מַחֲשַׁכֵּי אֶרֶץ “the secret places of the earth.” Specially of Hades, Psalms 143:3; Lamentations 3:6.

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List of Word Forms
בְ֝מַחֲשַׁכִּ֗ים בְּ֝מַחֲשַׁכִּ֗ים בְּמַחֲשַׁכִּ֥ים בְמַחְשָׁךְ֙ במחשך במחשכים מַחְשָֽׁךְ׃ מַחְשָׁ֨ךְ מַחֲשַׁכֵּי־ מחשך מחשך׃ מחשכי־ bə·ma·ḥă·šak·kîm ḇə·ma·ḥă·šak·kîm ḇə·maḥ·šāḵ bemachashakKim bəmaḥăšakkîm ḇəmaḥăšakkîm ḇəmaḥšāḵ ma·ḥă·šak·kê- machashakkei machShach maḥ·šāḵ maḥăšakkê- maḥšāḵ vemachashakKim vemachshoCh
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Thursday, May 28th, 2020
the Seventh Week after Easter
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