Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #4911 - מָשַׁל

Transliteration
mâshal
Phonetics
maw-shal'
Origin
denominative from (H4912)
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
1258,1258b
Definition
Brown-Driver-Briggs'

1) to represent, liken, be like

1a) (Niphal) to liken, be like, be similar

1b) (Hiphil) to compare

1c) (Hithpael) to become like

2) to speak in a proverb, use a proverb, speak in parables, speak in sentences of poetry

2a) (Qal) to use a proverb, speak a parable or proverb

2b) (Piel) to make a parable

2b1) maker of parables (participle)

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 757 ‑ ἄρχω (ar'‑kho);  758 ‑ ἄρχων (ar'‑khone);  935 ‑ βασιλεύς (bas‑il‑yooce');  1203 ‑ δεσπότης (des‑pot'‑ace);  1413 ‑ δυνάστης (doo‑nas'‑tace);  1850 ‑ ἐξουσιάζω (ex‑oo‑see‑ad'‑zo);  2233 ‑ ἡγέομαι (hayg‑eh'‑om‑ahee);  2296 ‑ θαυμάζω (thou‑mad'‑zo);  2355 ‑ θρῆνος (thray'‑nos);  2470 ‑ ἴσος (ee'‑sos);  2901 ‑ κραταιόω (krat‑ah‑yo'‑o);  2902 ‑ κρατέω (krat‑eh'‑o);  2961 ‑ κυριεύω (koo‑ree‑yoo'‑o);  2962 ‑ κύριος (koo'‑ree‑os);  3850 ‑ παραβολή (par‑ab‑ol‑ay');  3942 ‑ παροιμία (par‑oy‑mee'‑ah);  2525 ‑ καθίστημι (kath‑is'‑tay‑mee);  5293 ‑ ὑποτάσσω (hoop‑ot‑as'‑so);  3666 ‑ ὁμοιόω (hom‑oy‑o'‑o);  2634 ‑ κατακυριεύω (kat‑ak‑oo‑ree‑yoo'‑o);  3004 ‑ λέγω (leg'‑o);  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
KJV (16)
Numbers
1
Job
1
Psalms
4
Isaiah
2
Ezekiel
8
HCS ( 0 )
HCS (17)
Numbers
1
Job
2
Psalms
4
Isaiah
2
Ezekiel
8
BSB (17)
Numbers
1
Job
2
Psalms
4
Isaiah
2
Ezekiel
8
ESV (15)
Numbers
1
Job
1
Psalms
4
Isaiah
2
Ezekiel
7
WEB (16)
Numbers
1
Job
1
Psalms
4
Isaiah
2
Ezekiel
8
Verse Results
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2359) lsm (מסהל MShL) AC: Rule CO: ? AB: Dominion: The dominion one rules over. Also the comparison of things as a rule of measurement. (eng: marshal - with the additional r)

V) lsm (מסהל MShL) - I. Rule: II. Compare:To compare one thing to another in the sense of a rule of measurement, often a proverb or parable. KJV (97): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Hitpael, Piel, Participle) rule, ruler, reign, dominion, governor, power, like, proverb, speak, use, become, compare, utter - Strongs: H4910 (מָשַׁל), H4911 (מָשַׁל)

Nm) lsm (מסהל MShL) - Comparison: Often a parable or proverb as a story of comparisons. KJV (39): proverb, parable, byword, like - Strongs: H4912 (מָשָׁל)

dm) lfsm (מסהול MShWL) - Comparison: KJV (1): byword - Strongs: H4914 (מְשֹׁל)

hm) lsmm (ממסהל MMShL) - Dominion: The realm of ones rule. KJV (3): dominion, rule - Strongs: H4474 (מִמְשָׁל)

i m) lsfm (מוסהל MWShL) - I. Dominion:The realm of ones rule. II. Comparison: KJV (3): dominion, like - Strongs: H4915 (מֹשֶׁל)

kf1) elsmm (ממסהלה MMShLH) - Dominion: The realm of ones rule. KJV (17): dominion, rule, government, power - Strongs: H4475 (מֶמְשָׁלָה)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2021
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

מָשַׁל fut. יִמְשֹׂל.

(1)  to make like, to assimilate (Arab. مشل Aram. ܡܬܠܰ id.) see Niph. Hiph. and the noun מָשָׁל similitude, parable, etc. hence

(a) to put forth a parable, Ezekiel 24:3.

(b) to use a proverb, Ezekiel 12:23, 17:2 18:2, Ezekiel 18:3.

(c) to sing a song of derision, Joel 2:17. Part. משְׁלִים poets, Numbers 21:27.

(2) to rule, to have dominion, Joshua 12:2; Proverbs 12:24 followed by בְּ of the thing ruled over, Genesis 3:16, 4:7 more rarely followed by עַל Proverbs 28:15 followed by a gerund, to have power of doing anything, Exodus 21:8. With a dat. of benefit, Isaiah 40:10, זְרֹעוֹ משְׁלָה לוֹ “his arm ruleth for him.” Sometimes i.q. to be over anything, Genesis 24:2. Part. משֵׁל lord, ruler, Genesis 45:8 plur. lords, rulers, princes, and in a bad sense tyrants, Isaiah 14:5, 28:14 49:7 52:5 compare נְדִיבִים Isaiah 13:2.

Learned men have made many attempts to reconcile the significations of making like, and ruling; see Schultens on Proverbs 1:1 Michaëlis on Lowth, De Sacra Poësi, p.41; Simonis in Lex. etc. However I have no doubt but that from the signification of making like, is derived that of judging, forming an opinion (compare דִּמָּה, and Eth. መሰለ፡ to think, to suppose, to think fit), which is nearly allied to the notion of giving sentence, ordering, ruling (compare טַעַם). Another explanation, approved of by Winer in Lex. p. 585, was given in my smaller Lexicon, editt. 2 and 3, but this is decidedly better. This notion of ruling, which is not found in this root in the other Phœnicio-Shemitic languages [except the Phœnician] seems to have passed over to the Greek, in which βασιλεύς, βασιλεύω has no root in that language.

Niphal, prop. to be compared; hence to be like any thing, followed by אֶל Isaiah 14:10 עִם Psalms 28:1, 143:7 בְּ Psalms 49:13, 21 Ps4 9:21.

Piel, i.q. Kal No. 1, a, to use parables, Ezekiel 21:5.

Hiphil

(1) to compare, Isaiah 46:5.

(2) to cause to rule, to give dominion, Psalms 8:7; Daniel 11:39. Inf. subst. הַמְשֵׁל dominion, Job 25:2.

Hithpael, i.q. Niphal, to become like, followed by בְּ Job 30:19.

Derived nouns, מִמְשָׁל, מֶמְשֶׁלֶת, and those which immediately follow.

These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available BibleSupport.com
List of Word Forms
הַמֹּשְׁלִ֖ים הַמֹּשֵׁ֔ל המשל המשלים וְ֝נִמְשַׁ֗לְתִּי וְתַמְשִׁל֖וּנִי וָ֝אֶתְמַשֵּׁ֗ל וּמְשֹׁ֣ל וּמְשֹׁ֤ל ואתמשל ומשל ונמשלתי ותמשלוני יִמְשְׁל֥וּ יִמְשֹׁ֖ל ימשל ימשלו מְמַשֵּׁ֥ל מְשֹׁ֛ל מִשְׁלֵי־ מֹֽשְׁלִים֙ ממשל משל משלי־ משלים נִמְשַׁ֖ל נִמְשָֽׁלְתָּ׃ נמשל נמשלת׃ ham·mō·šə·lîm ham·mō·šêl hammōšêl hammōšəlîm hammoShel hammosheLim mə·maš·šêl mə·šōl memashShel məmaššêl meShol məšōl miš·lê- mishlei mišlê- mō·šə·lîm mōšəlîm mosheLim nim·šā·lə·tā nim·šal nimšal nimšālətā nimShal nimShalta ū·mə·šōl umeShol ūməšōl vaetmashShel venimShalti vetamshiLuni wā’eṯmaššêl wā·’eṯ·maš·šêl wə·nim·šal·tî wə·ṯam·ši·lū·nî wənimšaltî wəṯamšilūnî yim·šə·lū yim·šōl yimšəlū yimsheLu yimShol yimšōl
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
Search for…
 or 
Choose a letter to browse:
Prev Entry
מָשַׁל
Next Entry
מָשָׁל