the Week of Proper 4 / Ordinary 9
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #4912 - מָשָׁל
1) proverb, parable
1a) proverb, proverbial saying, aphorism
1c) similitude, parable
1e) sentences of ethical wisdom, ethical maxims
2359) lsm (מסהל MShL) AC: Rule CO: ? AB: Dominion: The dominion one rules over. Also the comparison of things as a rule of measurement. (eng: marshal - with the additional r)
V) lsm (מסהל MShL) - I. Rule: II. Compare:To compare one thing to another in the sense of a rule of measurement, often a proverb or parable. KJV (97): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Hitpael, Piel, Participle) rule, ruler, reign, dominion, governor, power, like, proverb, speak, use, become, compare, utter - Strongs: H4910 (מָשַׁל), H4911 (מָשַׁל)
Nm) lsm (מסהל MShL) - Comparison: Often a parable or proverb as a story of comparisons. KJV (39): proverb, parable, byword, like - Strongs: H4912 (מָשָׁל)
dm) lfsm (מסהול MShWL) - Comparison: KJV (1): byword - Strongs: H4914 (מְשֹׁל)
hm) lsmm (ממסהל MMShL) - Dominion: The realm of ones rule. KJV (3): dominion, rule - Strongs: H4474 (מִמְשָׁל)
i m) lsfm (מוסהל MWShL) - I. Dominion:The realm of ones rule. II. Comparison: KJV (3): dominion, like - Strongs: H4915 (מֹשֶׁל)
kf1) elsmm (ממסהלה MMShLH) - Dominion: The realm of ones rule. KJV (17): dominion, rule, government, power - Strongs: H4475 (מֶמְשָׁלָה)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
1 proverbial saying, brief terse sentence of popular sagacity 1 Samuel 10:12; Ezekiel 12:22,23; Ezekiel 18:2,3; הַקַדְמֹנִי׳מ 1 Samuel 24:14 proverb of the ancients.
2 by-word Psalm 44:15; Psalm 69:12; לְמָשָׁלוְלִשְׁנִינָה Deuteronomy 28:37; 1 Kings 9:7; 2 Chronicles 7:20; Jeremiah 24:9; לְאוֺתוּלְמָשָׁל Ezekiel 14:8
3 prophetic figurative discourse: נָשָׂא מָשָׁל lift up, utter a ׳מ Numbers 23:7,18; Numbers 24:3,15,20,21,23 (all of Balaam); Isaiah 14:4; Micah 2:4 ("" נהי) Habakkuk 2:6 ("" חידה), (compare Job 27:1; Job 29:1 for same phrase under 6).
4 similitude, parable, Ezekiel 17:2; Ezekiel 21:5; Ezekiel 24:3.
5 poem, of various kinds: the ode ( Numbers 21:27-30), the 3,000 pieces traditionally ascribed to Song of Solomon 1Kings 5:12, didactic psalms Psalm 49:5; Psalm 78:2.
6 sentences of ethical wisdom דִּבְרֵי חֲכָמִים collected in the מִשְׁלֵי שְׁלֹמֹה Proverbs 10:1; Proverbs 25:1 ( Proverbs 10:1-22:16 consisting of 376 couplets chiefly antithetical; Proverbs 25-29 chiefly couplets of an emblematic type, but also occasional tristichs, tetrastichs, pentastichs, and decastichs. To these are appended דְּבָרִים of a more mixed character as to size and content Proverbs 22:7-24:22,23-34; Proverbs 30:1-14; Proverbs 30:15-33; Proverbs 31:1-9; Proverbs 31:10-31; the Praise of Wisdom Proverbs 1:8-9 is prefixed, and an introduction to the whole Proverbs 1:1-7, in which the whole contents are represented as) משׁלים Proverbs 1:1, compare Proverbs 1:6. The references in Job 13:12; Job 27:1; Job 29:1; Proverbs 26:7,9; Ecclesiastes 12:9 are to the same type of wisdom.
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מָשָׁל m. Arab. مَشَلُ, Syr. ܡܰܬܠܳ [Ch. מַתְלָא]
(1) similitude, parable, Ezekiel 17:2, 24:3.
(2) sentence, opinion, γνώμη, sententious saying, (such as consists in the ingenious comparison of two things or opinions, compare Proverbs 26:1, Proverbs 26:2, Proverbs 26:3, Proverbs 26:6, Proverbs 26:7, Proverbs 26:8, Proverbs 26:9, 11 Proverbs 26:11, 14 Proverbs 26:14, 17 Proverbs 26:17, chap. 25, seq.), Proverbs 1:1, 10:1 25:1 26:7, Proverbs 26:9; Ecclesiastes 12:9; Job 13:12; 1 Kings 5:12. Sentences of this kind often pass into proverbs (1 Samuel 24:13); hence מָשָׁל is
(3) a proverb, παροιμία, e.g. 1 Samuel 10:12; Ezekiel 12:2, Ezekiel 12:3, 12:22, 23 Ezekiel 12:23(compare παραβολή, Lu. 4:13 ).
(4) generally a song, poem, the particular verses of which (by what are called the laws of parallelism) commonly consist of two hemistichs of similar argument and form; specially used of a prophecy, Numbers 23:7, 18 Numbers 23:18 of a discourse or a didactic poem, Job 27:1, 29:1 Psalms 49:5, 78:2 often used of a derisive poem, Isaiah 14:4; Micah 2:4; Habakkuk 2:6. הָיָה לְמָשָׁל וְלִשְׁנִינָה to become a by-word, Deuteronomy 28:37; 1 Kings 9:7. (Arabic مَشَلُ parable, fable, sentence; plur. أمْثَالُ verses.)
מָשָׁל [Mashal], pr.n.; see מִשְׁאָל.
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
Copyright 1999-2023. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.