Click here to get started today!
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #5030 - נָבִיא
1) spokesman, speaker, prophet
1b) false prophet
1c) heathen prophet
1301) bn (נב NB) AC: Flourish CO: Fruit AB: Prophecy: The pictograph n is a picture of a seed, the b is a picture of a tent or house representing what is inside. Combined these mean "seed inside". A fruit hides the seeds inside it.
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
נָבִיא m. Arab. نَبِىُّ for نَبِيىءُ Syr. ܢܒܺܝܐܳ a prophet, who as actuated by a divine afflatus, or spirit, either rebuked the conduct of kings and nations, or predicted future events (see the root נָבָא ) Deuteronomy 13:2; Judges 6:8; 1 Samuel 9:9; 1 Kings 22:7; 2 Kings 3:11; 2 Chronicles 28:9. With the idea of a prophet there was this necessarily attached, that he spoke not his own words, but those which he had divinely received (see Philo, t. iv. p. 116, ed. Pfeifferi, προφήτης γὰρ ἴδιον μὲν οὐδὲν ἀποφθέγγεται, ἀλλότρια δὲ πάντα ὑπηχοῦντος ἑτέρου· 2 Peter 1:20, 21 ), and that he was the messenger of God, and the declarer of his will; this is clear from a passage of peculiar authority in this matter, Exodus 7:1, where God says to Moses, נְתַתִּיךָ אֱלֹהִים לְפַרְעֹה וְאַהֲרוֹן אָחִיךָ יִהְיֶה נְבִיאֶךָ “I have constituted thee as God to Pharaoh, and Aaron thy brother shall be thy prophet,” i.e. in intercourse with Pharaoh, thou, as being the wiser [and the one with whom God communicated directly], shalt act as it were the part of God, and suggest words to thy brother; and thy brother, who is more fluent of speech, shall declare as a prophet what he receives from thee. In the same sense there is said, Exodus 4:16, הוּא יִהְיֶה לְךָ לְפֶה “he shall be to thee for a mouth,” compare Jeremiah 15:19 Sing. collect. appears to be used of prophets, [such an allegation would contradict the New Test., Christ our prophet is here spoken of], Deuteronomy 18:15, 18 Deuteronomy 18:18 (compare עֶבֶד יְיָ) see, however, Acts 3:22, 7:37, where those words are referred to Christ [and this ought to have hindered Gesenius from daring to apply them differently]. Those who were brought up for the prophetic office [rather, those who were taught by the prophets], are called בְּנֵי הַנְּבִאִים sons, i.e. disciples of the prophets, 1 Kings 20:35; 2 Kings 2:3, 2 Kings 2:5, 2 Kings 2:7, 15 2 Kings 2:15, 4:1, 38 2 Kings 4:38, 5:22 6:1 9:1 compare Pers. sons, i.e. disciples of the Magi.-Farther, there were also among the people of Israel false prophets, who pretending to be divinely inspired, pleased the ears of the people with soft words, and were therefore severely rebuked by the true prophets (see -Isa. 28:713 ; Jeremiah 14:13, seq. 27:9, seq. 28:10, seq.), and also there were soothsayers who prophesied in the name of Baal and Ashtaroth; נְבִיאֵי חַבַּעַל 1 Kings 18:19, 40 1 Kings 18:40; 2 Kings 10:19 and נְבִיאֵי הָאֲשֵׁרָה 1 Kings 18:19, even these are called נָבִיא simply Hosea 4:5, 9:7,, compare Isaiah 3:2. The idea of a prophet is sometimes more widely extended, and is applied to any one admitted to familiar intercourse with God, to whom God made known his will, e.g. Genesis 20:7 to the patriarchs, Psalms 105:15.
the Fifth Week after Easter