the Fourth Week of Lent
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #5012 - נָבָא
1) to prophesy
1a1) to prophesy
1a1a) under influence of divine spirit
1a1b) of false prophets
1b1) to prophesy
1b1a) under influence of divine spirit
1b1b) of false prophets
1301) bn (נב NB) AC: Flourish CO: Fruit AB: Prophecy: The pictograph n is a picture of a seed, the b is a picture of a tent or house representing what is inside. Combined these mean "seed inside". A fruit hides the seeds inside it.
B) bbn (נבב NBB) AC: Hollow CO: ? AB: ?: The inside of a box for holding something or is empty.
V) bbn (נבב NBB) - Hollow: To hollow out. KJV (4): (vf: Paal, Participle) hollow, vain - Strongs: H5014 (נָבַב)
E) abn (נבא NBA) AC: ? CO: Prophet AB: Prophecy: A fruit produced from the inside of man. A knowledge of something that is not known by the five senses.
V) abn (נבא NBA) - Prophecy: [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (116): (vf: Niphal, Hitpael) prophecy, prophet - Strongs: H5012 (נָבָא), H5013 (נְבָא)
bm) aibn (נביא NBYA) - Prophet: One who brings forth the inner fruit. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (320): prophet, prophecy - Strongs: H5029 (נְבִיא), H5030 (נָבִיא)
bf1) eaibn (נביאה NBYAH) - Prophetess: KJV (6): prophetess - Strongs: H5031 (נְבִיאָה)
df1) eafbn (נבואה NBWAH) - Prophecy: [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (4): prophecy - Strongs: H5016 (נְבוּאָה), H5017 (נְבוּאָה)
J) bfn (נוב NWB) AC: Flourish CO: Fruit AB: ?
V) bfn (נוב NWB) - Flourish: KJV (4): (vf: Paal) bring forth, increase, cheerful - Strongs: H5107 (נוּב)
Nm) bfn (נוב NWB) - Fruit: [df: byn] KJV (2): fruit - Strongs: H5108 (נוֹב)
if1 ) ebfnt (תנובה TNWBH) - Fruit: KJV (5): fruit, increase - Strongs: H8570 (תְּנוּבָה)
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Niph`al Perfect 3 masculine singular נִבֵּא Jeremiah 20:1 7t.; 2 masculine singular נִבֵּאתָ Jeremiah 20:6 2t.; נִבֵּיתָ Jeremiah 26:9; 1 singular נִבֵּאתִי Ezekiel 37:7; 3 plural נִבֵּאוּ Jeremiah 2:8 3t.; נִבָּ֑אוּ Jeremiah 23:21; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יִנָּבֵא Amos 3:8 9t. Imperfect; Imperative הִנָּבֵא Amos 7:15 27t.; Infinitive הִנָּבֵא Amos 7:13; suffix הִנָָּֽבְאוֺ Zechariah 13:3; הִנָָּֽבְאֹתוֺ Zechariah 13:4, + 4t. Infinitive; Participle נִבָּא Jeremiah 26:18 20t. Participle; —
1 prophesy under influence of divine spirit:
a. in the ecstatic state, with song 1 Samuel 10:11; 1 Samuel 19:20 and music 1 Chronicles 25:1,2,3.
b. the word of׳י: absolute Amos 2:12; Amos 3:8 (emended יחרד We Now needless), Amos 7:12,13; Joel 3:1; Jeremiah 19:14; Jeremiah 26:18; Jeremiah 28:9; Jeremiah 32:3; Ezekiel 11:13; Ezekiel 12:27; Ezekiel 21:19; Ezekiel 37:7; Ezekiel 38:17 but especially in phrase הִנָּבֵא וֶאַמַדְתָּ Ezekiel 12:27; Ezekiel 21:14; Ezekiel 21:33; Ezekiel 30:2; Ezekiel 34:2; Ezekiel 36:3; Ezekiel 37:7,12; Ezekiel 38:14,17; with accusative Jeremiah 20:1; Jeremiah 25:30; Jeremiah 28:6; followed by עַל against Amos 7:16; Jeremiah 25:13; Jeremiah 26:20; Ezekiel 4:7; Ezekiel 11:4; Ezekiel 13:17; Ezekiel 25:2; Ezekiel 28:21; Ezekiel 29:2; Ezekiel 34:2; Ezekiel 35:2; Ezekiel 36:6; Ezekiel 38:2; Ezekiel 39:1; unto Ezekiel 37:4; אֶל unto Amos 7:15; Jeremiah 26:11,12; Jeremiah 28:8; Ezekiel 36:1; Ezekiel 37:9; against Ezekiel 6:2; Ezekiel 13:2; Ezekiel 21:2; Ezekiel 21:7; ׳בְּשֵׁם י Jeremiah 11:21; Jeremiah 14:15; Jeremiah 23:25; Jeremiah 26:9.
2 of false prophets: absolute Jeremiah 23:21; Ezekiel 13:2; Zechariah 13:3 (twice in verse); Zechariah 13:4; with accusative 1 Kings 22:12 2 Chronicles 18:11; שֶׁקֶר Jeremiah 14:14; Jeremiah 23:25; Jeremiah 27:10,14,16; Jeremiah 29:21; לַשָּׁ֑קֶר Jeremiah 27:15; בַּשֶּׁקֶר Jeremiah 5:31; Jeremiah 20:6; Jeremiah 29:9; ׳נִבְּאֵי הַשּׁ Jeremiah 23:26; compare Jeremiah 23:32; with לֵ Jeremiah 14:16; Jeremiah 23:16; Jeremiah 27:15,16; Jeremiah 29:31; Jeremiah 37:19; followed by אֶל concerning Ezekiel 13:16.
3 compare heathen prophets, בַּבַּעַל Jeremiah 2:8.
Hithpa`el Perfect 2 masculine singular הִתְנַבִּיתָ 1 Samuel 10:16; 1 singular הִנַּבֵּאתִי Ezekiel 37:10; Imperfect יִתְנַבֵּא 1 Samuel 10:10 7t.; 3 masculine plural יִתְנַבְּאוּ Numbers 11:25 5t.; Imperative הִנַּבְּאוּ Jeremiah 23:13; Infinitive הִתְנַבּוֺת 1 Samuel 10:13; Participle מִתְנַבֵּא Jeremiah 26:20 9t. Participle; —
1 Prophesy under influence of divine spirit:
a. in the ecstatic state Numbers 11:25,26,27 (J), with music 1 Samuel 10:5,6,10,13, in frenzy 1 Samuel 19:20,21 (twice in verse); 1 Samuel 19:23,24; excited to violence 1 Samuel 18:10 (= מְשֻׁגָּע mad 2 Kings 9:11); Jeremiah 29:26.
b. apart from ecstatic state, absolute Ezekiel 37:10, with לְ 1 Kings 22:8; Jeremiah 29:27; על 1 Kings 22:18 2 Chronicles 18:17,7; 20:37; ׳בְּשֵׁם י Jeremiah 26:20.
2 of heathen prophets of Baal in ecstatic state 1 Kings 18:29; בַּבַּעַל Jeremiah 23:13.
3 of false prophets 1 Kings 22:10 2 Chronicles 18:9; Jeremiah 14:14; Ezekiel 13:17.
נבא (√ of following; see Biblical Hebrew id., but especially Bewer Amos. J. Semitic Lang., Jan. 1902 who compare Assyrian nabû, tear away, lead forcibly, hence prophets as (figuratively) carried away by divine frenzy, ecstasy, compare 1 Samuel 10:6,10; 1 Samuel 19:20,24).
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נָבָא not used in Kal, pr. as it seems to me, i.q. נָבַע (ע being softened into א) to cause to bubble up, hence to pour forth words abundantly, as is done by those who speak with ardour or divine emotion of mind. Arab. نَبَأَ I. II. to shew, to declare, i.q. اخبر, Conj. II. specially used of a prophet, who reveals or declares the words of God to men. (Kindred is the Eth. ነበበ፡ to speak.) It is incorrect to make extolling, celebrating, the primary idea in this word.
(1) to speak (as a prophet) by a divine power, to prophecy, Gr. προφητεύω. In Hebrew, the passive forms, Niphal and Hithpael, are used in this verb, from the divine prophets having been supposed to be moved rather by another’s powers than their own, [which is the simple truth, “holy men spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost”]; ideas of this kind were in Latin often expressed by deponent verbs (see Ramshorn, De Verbis Deponentibus Latinorum, p. 24); compare verbs of speaking when passively expressed, as loqui, fari, vociferari, concionari, vaticinari (Ramshorn, loc. cit. p. 26).-This is the usual word for the utterance of the prophets, whether they are rebuking the wicked, or predicting future events. Const.
(a) absol. Jeremiah 23:21, לֹא דִבַּרְתִי אֲלֵיהֶם וְהֵם נִבָּאוּ “I spake not unto them (i.e. I neither commanded nor inspired) but they prophesied.” Amos 3:8, “(if) a lion roars, who does not fear? (if) the Lord speaks מִי לֹא יִנָּבֵא who shall not prophesy?” Joel 3:1; Ezekiel 11:13, 37:7 1 Kings 22:12; Jeremiah 19:14.
(b) with the addition of the name of a people or country to which the prediction refers; followed by לְ Jeremiah 14:16, 20:6 23:16 27:16 37:19 followed by עַל, commonly so used in a bad sense (in threatening), Jeremiah 25:13, 26:20 Ezekiel 4:7, 11:4 13:16 25:2 29:2 34:2 35:2 39:1 in a good sense (when the prediction contains consolations and the hope of a happier age), Ezekiel 37:4 also followed by אֶל in a bad sense, Jeremiah 26:11, 12 Jeremiah 26:12, 28:8 Ezekiel 6:2, 13:2, 17 Ezekiel 13:17, 21:2 in a good sense, Ezekiel 36:1, 37:9.
(c) with an accusative of what the prophet predicts, Jeremiah 20:1, 25:13 28:6 e.g. נִבָּא שֶׁקֶר “he prophesied lies,” Jeremiah 14:14, 23:25, 26 Jeremiah 23:26, 27:10, 15 Jeremiah 27:15נ׳ חֲלֹמוֹת שֶׁקֶר Jeremiah 23:32 and followed by בְּ, בַּשֶׁקֶר pr. to prophesy with falsehood, as a lying prophet, Jeremiah 20:6, 29:9. The words of the prophet often follow with לֵאמֹר prefixed, Jerem. 32:3, or וְאָמַר Eze. 21:33 30:2.
(d) followed by בְּ of him by whose inspiration the prophet prophesied, hence the prophets of God are said to prophesy בְּשֵׁם יְיָ Jeremiah 11:21, 14:15 23:25 26:9, 20 Jeremiah 26:20, 27:15 29:21 the prophets of Baal בַּבַּעַל Jeremiah 2:8.
(e) followed by לְ referring to the object of the prophecy (like letter c) Jeremiah 28:9, and to the time to which the prophecy belongs, Ezekiel 12:27.
(2) to sing holy songs as led by the Spirit of God, to praise God, 1 Samuel 10:11, 19:20 1 Chronicles 25:2, 1 Chronicles 25:3.-Pret. 2 pers. נִבֵּאתָ and once נִבֵּיתָ (like verbs לה֞) Jerem. 26:9 part. נִבָּא plur. נִבָּאִים and נִבְּאִים Jeremiah 14:14, 16 Jeremiah 14:16, as if from the sing. נִבֶּא according to the analogy of verbs לד֞, which is also found in the Inf. with suff. הִנָּֽבְאֹתוֹ Zechariah 13:4.
(1) i.q. Niph. No. 1. to prophesy, absol. -Nu. 11:2527 ; 1 Kings 22:10; Ezekiel 37:10 followed by לְ 1 Kings 22:8, 18 1 Kings 22:18, and עַל 2 Chronicles 20:37 of him to whom the prophecy refers. הִתְנַבֵּא בַבַּעַל to prophecy by the authority of Baal, Jeremiah 23:13.
(2) to sing as seized with a divine impulse, to praise God, used of the sons of the prophets and Saul, 1 Samuel 10:6, 10 1 Samuel 10:10 -1 Sam. 19:2024 ; used of the excited raving of the prophets of Baal, 1 Kings 18:29. Hence
(3) to be mad, μαίνεσθαι, or rather to act as if mad, 1 Samuel 18:10. As the prophets when moved by the Spirit of God were often like madmen vehemently agitated, and spasmodically distorted [this applies rather to false prophets than to true ones], hence in Greek and Latin words of raving (μάντις from μαίνομαι; furor, furere) were often applied to the divine [?] impulse of their prophets and oracular poets. In Jeremiah 29:26 there are found conjoined מְשֻׁגָּע וּמִתְנַבֵּא mad and prophesying, and a true prophet, 2 Kings 9:11, is called in derision a madman.
Hence נְבוּאָה, נָבִיא, נְבִיאָה, also נְבוֹ and its compounds.
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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