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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #5104 - נָהָר

Transliteration
nâhâr
Phonetics
naw-hawr'  
Word Origin
from (05102)
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
TWOT
1315a
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) stream, river

1a) stream, river

1b) (underground) streams

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 4215 ‑ ποταμός (pot‑am‑os');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (120) NAS (119) HCS (115)
Genesis 6
Exodus 3
Numbers 2
Deuteronomy 2
Joshua 5
2 Samuel 2
1 Kings 3
2 Kings 5
1 Chronicles 5
2 Chronicles 1
Ezra 4
Nehemiah 3
Job 5
Psalms 14
Song of Solomon 1
Isaiah 21
Jeremiah 6
Ezekiel 12
Daniel 1
Jonah 1
Micah 1
Nahum 2
Habakkuk 2
Zephaniah 1
Zechariah 1
Genesis 6
Exodus 3
Numbers 2
Deuteronomy 2
Joshua 5
2 Samuel 2
1 Kings 3
2 Kings 5
1 Chronicles 5
2 Chronicles 1
Ezra 4
Nehemiah 3
Job 5
Psalms 13
Song of Solomon 1
Isaiah 21
Jeremiah 6
Ezekiel 12
Daniel 1
Jonah 1
Micah 1
Nahum 2
Habakkuk 2
Zephaniah 1
Zechariah 1
Genesis 8
Exodus 3
Numbers 2
Deuteronomy 2
Joshua 5
2 Samuel 2
1 Kings 4
2 Kings 5
1 Chronicles 5
2 Chronicles 1
Ezra 4
Nehemiah 3
Job 5
Psalms 15
Song of Solomon 1
Isaiah 21
Jeremiah 6
Ezekiel 13
Daniel 1
Jonah 1
Micah 1
Nahum 2
Habakkuk 3
Zephaniah 1
Zechariah 1
BYZ TIS TR
n-cmp 27
n-cmpc 6
n-cms 47
n-cmsc 28
n-cmss 1
n-cmp 26
n-cmpc 6
n-cms 47
n-cmsc 28
n-cmss 1
n-cmp 26
n-cmpc 6
n-cms 47
n-cmsc 28
n-cmss 1
NA WH


Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1319) rn (נר NR) AC: Plow CO: Light AB: ?: The pictograph n is a picture of a seed, the r is a picture of the head of a man representing the top or beginning of something. Combined these mean "seed beginning". Rains in the mountainous areas cause a flooding of the rivers. The rivers swell causing the water to flood the land next to the river. This is the only water that the land will see and is necessary for crop production. After the flood season, the land is plowed by the use of a plow attached to the yoke of the oxen. The surface of the soil is dry but, when the soil is turned up it glistens in the sun from the water remaining in the soil. This water is necessary for the seed to begin germination.

A) rn (נר NR) AC: ? CO: Lamp AB: ?: An oil filled container with a wick that gives off light.

Nm) rn (נר NR) - Lamp: KJV (48): lamp, candle, light - Strongs: H5216 (נֵרָה)

D) ran (נאר NAR) AC: Reject CO: ? AB: ?: [Unknown connection to root]

V) ran (נאר NAR) - Reject: KJV (2): (vf: Piel) void, abhor - Strongs: H5010 (נָאַר)

G) ren (נהר NHR) AC: Flow CO: River AB: ?: The life giving water that washes over the soil.

V) ren (נהר NHR) - I. Flow:From the flowing of a river. II. Bright:From the glistening water as it flows. KJV (6): (vf: Paal) flow, lighten - Strongs: H5102 (נָהַר)

Nm) ren (נהר NHR) - River: [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (135): river, stream, flood - Strongs: H5103 (נְהַר), H5104 (נָהָר)

Nf1) eren (נהרה NHRH) - Light: KJV (1): light - Strongs: H5105 (נְהָרָה)

bm) rien (נהיר NHYR) - Enlightenment: One having the light of wisdom. [Aramaic only] [df: wryhn] KJV (3): light - Strongs: H5094 (נְהִיר)

hf1 ) erenm (מנהרה MNHRH) - Ravine: As cut by the flowing of water. KJV (1): den - Strongs: H4492 (מִנְהָרָה)

J) rfn (נור NWR) AC: ? CO: Lamp AB: ?

Nf ) rfn (נור NWR) - Fire: [Aramaic only] KJV (17): fiery, fire - Strongs: H5135 (נוּר)

am) rfnm (מנור MNWR) - Yoke: A type of yoke used by a weaver. KJV (4): beam - Strongs: H4500 (מָנוֹר)

im) rfnt (תנור TNWR) - Oven: As a lamp for cooking. KJV (15): oven, furnace - Strongs: H8574 (תָּנּוּר)

kf1) erfnm (מנורה MNWRH) - Lamp: KJV (40): candlestick - Strongs: H4501 (מִנֹרָה)

M) rin (ניר NYR) AC: Plow CO: ? AB: ?

V) rin (ניר NYR) - Plow: KJV (2): (vf: Paal) break up - Strongs: H5214 (נִיר)

Nm) rin (ניר NYR) - Plowing: KJV (4): fallow, tillage, plowing - Strongs: H5215 (נִר)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2019
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 נָהָר noun masculine Genesis 2:10 stream, river; — absolute ׳נ Genesis 2:10 +; construct נְהַר Deuteronomy 1:7 +; plural נְהָרִים Isaiah 18:27 4t., construct נַהֲרֵי Isaiah 18:1 2 t; but oftener נְהָר(וֺ)ת Isaiah 19:6 23t.; construct נַהֲרוֺת 2 Kings 5:12 2t.; suffix נַהֲרוֺהֶיךָ Ezekiel 32:2, נַהֲרֹתַיִךְ Isaiah 44:27, נַהֲרֹתֶיהָ Ezekiel 31:4,15, נַהֲרֹתָם Exodus 7:19, נַהֲרוֺתָם Ezekiel 32:2,14; apparently dual נַהֲרַיִם Genesis 24:10 2t., נַהֲרָ֑יִם Judges 3:8 (see below) (all in ׳אֲרַם נ); —

1 stream, river, Numbers 24:6 (JE), Job 14:11; Job 40:23; Psalm 105:41 (in simile), Isaiah 48:18 (id.), Isaiah 59:19 (id.) + often; frequently of particular rivers; r. of Eden Genesis 2:10 and its branches Genesis 2:13; Genesis 2:14 (all J); נְהַר מִצְרַיִם Genesis 15:18 (J; i.e., si vera 1., the Nile) but read probably ׳נַחַל מ, whence נהר through influence of following נהר — compare 2 Kings 24:7 — Nö ZMG xi.1886,699 (alternative), Lag BN 140 Ball Hpt; נָהָר of Nile Isaiah 19:5; especially of Euphrates נְהַר מְּרָת Genesis 15:18; Deuteronomy 1:7 (both + הַגָּדוֺל׳הַנּ) Joshua 1:4 8t. + 2 Samuel 8:3 (Qr ᵐ5 and "" 1 Chronicles 18:3; Kt omit מְּרָת; — compare also Genesis 2:14 b above); oftener (of Euphrase) without ׳הַנָּהָר ׃פ κατ’ ἐξοχήν, Genesis 31:21; Exodus 23:31; Numbers 22:5; Joshua 24:2,3,14,15 (all E), possibly also Genesis 36:37 (P; compare Di) = 1 Chronicles 1:48, + 13t. + 2 Samuel 8:3 Kt (see above); and even without article (poetry) Isaiah 7:20; Jeremiah 2:18; Micah 7:12; Zechariah 9:10; Psalm 72:8; ׳הַגּ׳הַנּ once of Tigris Daniel 10:4; נְהַר גוֺזָן (חבור) 2 Kings 17:6; 2 Kings 18:11 compare 2 Chronicles 5:26; plural נַהֲרֵי בוּשׁ Zephaniah 3:10; perhaps of a canal: נְהַרכְּֿבָר Ezekiel 1:1,36t. Ezekiel; הַנָּהָר אַהֲלוא Ezra 8:21, ׳נְהַר א Ezra 8:31; compare נַהֲרוֺת בָּבֶל Psalm 137:1; canals possibly also in ׳שַׁעֲרֵי הַנּ Nahum 2:7 (of Nineveh); of canals of Egypt Exodus 7:19 ("" יְאֹרִים etc.), Exodus 8:1 ("" id.).

2נְהָרוֺת (מִבְּכִי) Job 28:11 usually understood of (underground) streams; Szold Comm. Job Gr Monatsschr.1887,410 and Perles Analekten 69 proposes ׳נ׳נִבְכֵ sources of rivers (compare Job 36:16); Wetzst Hoffm Bu ׳נ׳מַבְּכֵ (not elsewhere) with similar meaning.

3 figurative of ׳י s favour Psalm 46:5. — On נַהֲרַיִם ending apparently dual, see אֲרַם; Tel Amarna Nahum -ri-ma, Na—rima (Wkl Tel Amos 40*), and Egyptian Nhrina (WMM As.u.Eur.249ff.) point however to original ending יִ֯ם; this inconsistent with view of EMey Geschichte. § 180 that יִַ֯ם here a locative ending (compare Ba§ 194c. Anm. l Buhl Ges 12), see also Di Genesis 24:10.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

נָהָר m. constr. נְהַר, plur. נְהָרִים, נַהֲרֵי and נְהָרוֹת (m. Psalms 93:3); constr, נַהֲרוֹת, dual. נַהֲרַיִם (see below) a stream.

(1)  a flowing, das Strömen, die Strömung. Jonah 2:4 וְנָהָר יְסֹבְבֵנִי “and the flowing (of the sea) surrounds me” (compare ὠκεανοῦ ῥέεθρα, Il. ξ΄, 245). Job 20:17, נַהֲרֵי נַחֲלֵי דְבַשׁ וְחֶמְאָה “streams of rivers of milk and honey,” Isaiah 44:27.

(2) a river, stream, Genesis 2:10, 14 Job 14:11, 22:16 40:23, etc. Followed by a genit. of country, as נְהַר מִצְרַיִם the river of Egypt, i.e. the Nile, Genesis 15:18 נְהַר גּוֹזָן the river of Gozan, i.e. Chaboras 2 Kings 17:6 נַהֲרֵי כוּשׁ the rivers of Ethiopia (the Nile and Astaboras), Isaiah 18:1; Zephaniah 3:10 נַהֲרוֹת בָּבֶל (the Euphrates, with its canals), Psalms 137:1 נַהֲרוֹח דַּמֶּשֶׂק 2 Kings 5:12 also followed by the name of the river in the gen. instead of in apposition, as נְהַר פְּרָת the river of Euphrates, Genesis 15:18 נְהַר כִּבָר the river Chebar, Ezekiel 1:1, Ezekiel 1:3. With art. הַנָּהָר the river κατʼ ἐξοχὴν is the Euphrates, Genesis 31:21; Exodus 23:31 more fully הַנָּהָר הַגָּדוֹל פְּרָת Genesis 15:18; Deuteronomy 1:7, 11:24 Joshua 1:4 poet. also without the art., Isaiah 7:20 Jerem. 2:18 Micah 7:12; Zechariah 9:10; Psalms 72:8. Once, however, the context shews נָהָר to be the Nile, Isaiah 19:5 and in Psalms 46:5 many interpreters understand Siloah [Kidron would be better]; and this is not unsuitable, since נָהָר is also used of smaller streamlets, as of the waters of Damascus, 2 Kings 5:12. A river is used as an image of abundance, Isaiah 48:18, 66:12.

Dual נַהֲרַיִם (prop. from the form נַהַר) the two rivers, the Tigris and Euphrates; whence אֲרַם נַהֲרַיִם Syria of the two rivers, i.e. Mesopotamia, see אֲרָם.

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List of Word Forms
בְּנַהֲרוֹתֶ֗יךָ בִּֽנְהַר־ בַּ֭נָּהָר בַּנְּהָרִים֙ בנהר בנהר־ בנהרותיך בנהרים הֲבִנְהָרִים֙ הַ֨נְּהָרֹ֔ת הַנְּהָר֖וֹת הַנָּהָ֑ר הַנָּהָ֔ר הַנָּהָ֖ר הַנָּהָ֗ר הַנָּהָ֛ר הַנָּהָ֣ר הַנָּהָ֤ר הַנָּהָ֥ר הַנָּהָ֧ר הַנָּהָֽר׃ הַנָּהָר֙ הבנהרים הנהר הנהר׃ הנהרות הנהרת וְ֝נָהָ֗ר וְהַנָּהָ֥ר וְכַנְּהָר֖וֹת וְנַהֲרֹתַ֖יִךְ וְנַהֲרוֹתָ֖ם וְנָהָ֖ר וְנָהָרּ֙ וּ֝מִנָּהָ֗ר וּֽבַנְּהָר֥וֹת וּבַנְּהָר֖וֹת וּמִנָּהָ֖ר וּנְהַ֣ר וּנְהָר֖וֹת ובנהרות והנהר וכנהרות ומנהר ונהר ונהרות ונהרותם ונהרתיך כְּנָהָ֨ר כַּנְּהָר֕וֹת כַּנְּהָר֣וֹת כַנָּהָר֙ כנהר כנהרות לְנַֽהֲרֵי־ לַנָּהָ֑ר לנהר לנהרי־ מִנְּהַ֣ר מנהר נְ֝הָר֗וֹת נְהַ֥ר נְהַר־ נְהָר֔וֹת נְהָר֖וֹת נְהָר֣וֹת נְהָר֥וֹת נְהָר֨וֹת ׀ נְהָרִ֖ים נְהָרִ֥ים נְהָרִים֙ נְהָרֽוֹת׃ נְהָרוֹת֙ נַהֲר֣וֹת נַהֲר֥וֹת נַהֲר֨וֹת ׀ נַהֲרֵ֥י נַהֲרֹתֶ֗יהָ נַהֲרֹתָ֣ם ׀ נַהֲרוֹתֶ֔יהָ נַהֲרוֹתָֽם׃ נָ֝הָ֗ר נָ֭הָר נָהָ֑ר נָהָ֔ר נָהָ֗ר נָהָֽר׃ נָהָר֙ נהר נהר־ נהר׃ נהרות נהרות׃ נהרותיה נהרותם׃ נהרי נהרים נהרתיה נהרתם ban·nā·hār ban·nə·hā·rîm bannāhār Bannahor bannehaRim bannəhārîm bə·na·hă·rō·w·ṯe·ḵā benaharoTeicha bənahărōwṯeḵā bin·har- binhar binhar- channaHar hă·ḇin·hā·rîm hăḇinhārîm han·nā·hār han·nə·hā·rō·wṯ han·nə·hā·rōṯ hannaHar hannāhār hannehaRot hannəhārōṯ hannəhārōwṯ havinhaRim ḵan·nā·hār kan·nə·hā·rō·wṯ ḵannāhār kannehaRot kannəhārōwṯ kə·nā·hār kenaHar kənāhār lan·nā·hār lannaHar lannāhār lə·na·hă·rê- lənahărê- lenaharei min·nə·har minneHar minnəhar na·hă·rê na·hă·rō·ṯām na·hă·rō·ṯe·hā na·hă·rō·w·ṯām na·hă·rō·w·ṯe·hā na·hă·rō·wṯ nā·hār naHar nāhār nahărê nahaRei nahaRot naharoTam nahărōṯām nahărōṯehā naharoTeiha nahărōwṯ nahărōwṯām nahărōwṯehā Nahor nə·hā·rîm nə·hā·rō·wṯ nə·har nə·har- nehar nəhar nəhar- nehaRim nəhārîm nehaRot nəhārōwṯ ū·ḇan·nə·hā·rō·wṯ ū·min·nā·hār ū·nə·hā·rō·wṯ ū·nə·har ūḇannəhārōwṯ uminnaHar ūminnāhār uneHar ūnəhar unehaRot ūnəhārōwṯ uvannehaRot vechannehaRot vehannaHar venaHar venaharoTam venaharoTayich wə·han·nā·hār wə·ḵan·nə·hā·rō·wṯ wə·na·hă·rō·ṯa·yiḵ wə·na·hă·rō·w·ṯām wə·nā·hār wəhannāhār wəḵannəhārōwṯ wənāhār wənahărōṯayiḵ wənahărōwṯām
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