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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #6884 - צָרַף

Transliteration
tsâraph
Phonetics
tsaw-raf'  
Word Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
1972
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) to smelt, refine, test

1a) (Qal)

1a1) to smelt, refine

1a2) to test

1a3) to test (and prove true)

1a4) smelter, refiner, goldsmith (participle)

1b) (Niphal) to be refined

1c) (Piel) to be a refiner

1c1) refiner (participle)

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 695 ‑ ἀργυροκόπος (ar‑goo‑rok‑op'‑os);  1381 ‑ δοκιμάζω (dok‑im‑ad'‑zo);  1571 ‑ ἐκκαθαίρω (ek‑kath‑ah'ee‑ro);  2511 ‑ καθαρίζω (kath‑ar‑id'‑zo);  2680 ‑ κατασκευάζω (kat‑ask‑yoo‑ad'‑zo);  5471 ‑ χαλκεύς (khalk‑yooce');  4448 ‑ πυρόω (poo‑ro'‑o);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (33) NAS (32) HCS (33)
Judges 2
2 Samuel 1
Nehemiah 2
Psalms 7
Proverbs 2
Isaiah 5
Jeremiah 5
Daniel 2
Zechariah 1
Malachi 2
Judges 2
2 Samuel 1
Nehemiah 2
Psalms 7
Proverbs 2
Isaiah 5
Jeremiah 5
Daniel 2
Zechariah 1
Malachi 2
Judges 2
2 Samuel 1
Nehemiah 2
Psalms 8
Proverbs 2
Isaiah 6
Jeremiah 6
Daniel 2
Zechariah 2
Malachi 2
BYZ TIS TR
v-ni3mp 1
v-pPms 2
v-qPmp 2
v-qPms 9
v-qa 2
v-qc 5
v-qi1cs 1
v-qsfs 3
v-qsms 1
v-ni3mp 1
v-pPms 2
v-qPmp 2
v-qPms 8
v-qa 2
v-qc 5
v-qi1cs 1
v-qsfs 4
v-qsms 1
v-ni3mp 1
v-pPms 2
v-qPmp 2
v-qPms 8
v-qa 2
v-qc 5
v-qi1cs 1
v-qsfs 4
v-qsms 1
NA WH


Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2692) pry (תסרפ TsRP) AC: Refine CO: Crucible AB: ?: The melting of metals in a crucible to remove the impurities and pour into a mold.

V) pry (תסרפ TsRP) - Refine: KJV (33): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Piel, Participle) try, founder, goldsmith, refine, melt, pure, purge, cast, finer - Strongs: H6884 (צָרַף)

am) prym (מתסרפ MTsRP) - Crucible: Used for melting metals. KJV (2): pot - Strongs: H4715 (מַצְרֵף)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2019
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 צָרַף verb smelt, refine, test (Late Hebrew id.; Phoenician מצרף smelter; Assyrian ƒurrupu, refined, ƒarpu, silver, naƒraptu, crucible; Arabic is pure, unmixed (especially of wine); ** compare pure silver, etc., Schulth GGA, 1902,673; also Zim GGA, 1899,250; KAT 3,650 (Hebrew, etc., borrowed from Assyrian); very doubtful is Sabean צרף silver, money, compare Mordtm Him. Inschr. pp. 14,29 CIS iv, No. 291,1.1); —

Qal Perfect 3 masculine singular ׳צ Jeremiah 6:29, suffix צְרָפָ֑תְהוּ Psalm 105:19; 2 masculine singular suffix צְרַפְתָּנִי Psalm 17:3, etc.; Imperfect 1 singular אֶצְרֹף Isaiah 1:25, suffix אֶצְרְפֶנּוּ Judges 7:4; Imperative masculine singular צרופה Psalm 26:2 Kt, צָרְפָה Qr; Infinitive absolute צָרוֺף Jeremiah 6:29; construct לִצְרוֺף Daniel 11:35, etc.; Participle active suffix צוֺרְכָּם Jeremiah 9:6, etc.; pass. צָרוּף Psalm 12:7, etc.; —

1 smelt, refine: Jeremiah 6:29 (twice in verse) in vain hath he smelted continually (infinitive absolute; figurative of purifying people); so smelt away Isaiah 1:25 (accusative of dross; figurative); of silver Zechariah 13:9; Psalm 66:10, כֶּסֶף צָרוּףבַּעֲלִיל Psalm 12:7 (all simile); of ׳אִמְרַת י Psalm 18:31 = 2 Samuel 22:31; Psalm 119:140; Proverbs 30:5 (אִמְרַת אֱלוֺהַּ); refine (men, by trials) Daniel 11:35 (+ לִבָרֵר, לַלְבֵּן).

2 test Judges 7:4 I will test them (the warriors) for thee (׳י subject); — perhaps also Judges 7:3 (see I. צפר); more Generally, of ׳י's testing, trying (the hearts of) men (often "" בָּחַן) Jeremiah 9:6; Isaiah 48:10; Zechariah 13:9; Psalm 26:2; Psalm 66:10.

3 test (and prove true) a man (subject ׳י s saying) Psalm 105:19.

4 Participle active as

noun smelter, refiner, hence = goldsmith Judges 17:4; Jeremiah 10:9,14; Jeremiah 51:17; Isaiah 40:19 (twice in verse) (but perhaps strike out v b, compare Du Che Marti), Isaiah 41:7; Isaiah 46:6; Proverbs 25:4; as a guild Nehemiah 3:8,32.

Niph`al Imperfect 3 masculine plural יִצָּֽרְפוּ Daniel 12:10 many shall be refined (by suffering; + יִתְבָּֽרְרוּ, יִתְלַבְּנוּ).

Pi`el Participle מְצָרֵף as

noun a refiner, ׳כְּאֵשׁ מ Malachi 3:2 (simile of ׳י), compare ׳מְ alone Malachi 3:3 (+ מְטַהֵר כֶּסֶף).

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

צָרַף fut. יִצְרף

(1)  to melt a metal (kindred are סָרַף, שָׂרַף), specially to purge gold or silver by fire, and to separate from dross, Psalms 12:7; Isaiah 1:25. Part. צֹרֵף a goldsmith, Judges 17:4; Isaiah 40:19; Proverbs 25:4.

(2) metaph. to prove, to examine any one (δοκιμάζειν), Psalms 17:3, 26:2 105:19 also to purge, Daniel 11:35. Part. pass. צָרוּף sincere, pure, Psal. 18:31 119:140.

Niphal, to be purified, Daniel 12:10.

Piel, part. מְצַרֵף a goldsmith, Malachi 3:2, Malachi 3:3.

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List of Word Forms
הַצֹּרְפִ֖ים הצרפים וְאֶצְרְפֶ֥נּוּ וְאֶצְרֹ֥ף וְיִצָּֽרְפוּ֙ וְצֹרֵ֖ף וּצְרַפְתִּים֙ ואצרף ואצרפנו ויצרפו וצרף וצרפתים כִּצְרָף־ כִּצְרֹ֣ף כצרף כצרף־ לִצְר֥וֹף לַצֹּרֵ֣ף לַצּוֹרֵ֗ף לצורף לצרוף לצרף מְצָרֵ֔ף מְצָרֵ֤ף מצרף צְ֝רַפְתָּ֗נוּ צְרַפְתִּ֖יךָ צְרַפְתַּ֥נִי צְרָפָֽתְהוּ׃ צְרוּפָ֑ה צְרוּפָ֔ה צְרוּפָ֖ה צָ֭רוּף צָר֔וֹף צָרְפָ֖ה צָרַ֣ף צֹרֵ֔ף צֹרֵ֖ף צֽוֹרְפִ֔ים צוֹרְפָ֖ם צוֹרֵ֑ף צוֹרֵ֖ף צוֹרֵֽף׃ צוֹרֵף֙ צורף צורף׃ צורפים צורפם צרוף צרופה צרף צרפה צרפתהו׃ צרפתיך צרפתנו צרפתני haṣ·ṣō·rə·p̄îm haṣṣōrəp̄îm hatztzoreFim kiṣ·rāp̄- kiṣ·rōp̄ kiṣrāp̄- kiṣrōp̄ kitzrof laṣ·ṣō·rêp̄ laṣ·ṣō·w·rêp̄ laṣṣōrêp̄ laṣṣōwrêp̄ latztzoRef liṣ·rō·wp̄ liṣrōwp̄ litzRof mə·ṣā·rêp̄ məṣārêp̄ metzaRef ṣā·rap̄ ṣā·rə·p̄āh ṣā·rō·wp̄ ṣā·rūp̄ ṣārap̄ ṣārəp̄āh ṣārōwp̄ ṣārūp̄ ṣə·rā·p̄ā·ṯə·hū ṣə·rap̄·ta·nî ṣə·rap̄·tā·nū ṣə·rap̄·tî·ḵā ṣə·rū·p̄āh ṣərāp̄āṯəhū ṣərap̄tanî ṣərap̄tānū ṣərap̄tîḵā ṣərūp̄āh ṣō·rêp̄ ṣō·w·rêp̄ ṣō·wr·p̄ām ṣō·wr·p̄îm ṣōrêp̄ ṣōwrêp̄ ṣōwrp̄ām ṣōwrp̄îm tzaRaf tzareFah tzaRof Tzaruf tzeraFatehu tzerafTani tzerafTanu tzerafTicha tzeruFah tzoRef tzorFam tzorFim ū·ṣə·rap̄·tîm ūṣərap̄tîm utzerafTim veetzreFennu veetzRof vetzoRef veyitztzareFu wə’eṣrəp̄ennū wə’eṣrōp̄ wə·’eṣ·rə·p̄en·nū wə·’eṣ·rōp̄ wə·ṣō·rêp̄ wə·yiṣ·ṣā·rə·p̄ū wəṣōrêp̄ wəyiṣṣārəp̄ū
Lectionary Calendar
Monday, November 18th, 2019
the Week of Proper 28 / Ordinary 33
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