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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #7676 - שַׁבָּת

Transliteration
shabbâth
Phonetics
shab-bawth'  
Word Origin
intensive from (07673)
Parts of Speech
Noun
TWOT
2323b
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) Sabbath

1a) sabbath

1b) day of atonement

1c) sabbath year

1d) week

1e) produce (in sabbath year)

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 372 ‑ ἀνάπαυσις (an‑ap'‑ow‑sis);  1442 ‑ ἕβδομος (heb'‑dom‑os);  4315 ‑ προσάββατον (pros‑ab'‑bat‑on);  4521 ‑ σάββατον (sab'‑bat‑on);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (108) NAS (107) HCS (107)
Exodus 13
Leviticus 18
Numbers 3
Deuteronomy 3
2 Kings 5
1 Chronicles 2
2 Chronicles 6
Nehemiah 10
Psalms 1
Isaiah 6
Jeremiah 4
Lamentations 1
Ezekiel 15
Hosea 1
Amos 1
Exodus 13
Leviticus 18
Numbers 3
Deuteronomy 3
2 Kings 5
1 Chronicles 2
2 Chronicles 6
Nehemiah 10
Isaiah 6
Jeremiah 4
Lamentations 1
Ezekiel 15
Hosea 1
Amos 1
Exodus 15
Leviticus 25
Numbers 3
Deuteronomy 3
2 Kings 5
1 Chronicles 2
2 Chronicles 7
Nehemiah 14
Psalms 1
Isaiah 7
Jeremiah 7
Lamentations 1
Ezekiel 15
Hosea 1
Amos 1
BYZ TIS TR
n-cbp 9
n-cbpc 3
n-cbpcX1cs 10
n-cbs 64
n-cbsc 8
v-qi3fs 1
v-qp3fs 1
n-cbp 9
n-cbpc 3
n-cbpcX1cs 10
n-cbs 64
n-cbsc 8
v-qi3fs 1
v-qp3fs 1
n-cbp 9
n-cbpc 3
n-cbpcX1cs 10
n-cbs 64
n-cbsc 8
v-qi3fs 1
v-qp3fs 1
NA WH


Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2812) tbs (סהבת ShBT) AC: Cease CO: ? AB: ?: The ceasing of work or activity in order to rest. [from: bs- sitting to rest]

V) tbs (סהבת ShBT) - Cease: To cease from an activity for the purpose or rest or celebration. KJV (71): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil) cease, rest, away, fail, celebrate - Strongs: H7673 (שָׁבַת)

Nf) tbs (סהבת ShBT) - Ceasing: A stopping of activity. Often used for the seventh day or special feast day as a day set aside for resting or celebrating. KJV (111): sabbath, another, lost time, still, cease - Strongs: H7674 (שֶׁבֶת), H7676 (שַׁבָּת)

hm) tbsm (מסהבת MShBT) - Ceasing: KJV (1): sabbath - Strongs: H4868 (מִשְׁבָּת)

jm) nftbs (סהבתונ ShBTWN) - Ceasing: KJV (11): rest, sabbath - Strongs: H7677 (שַׁבָּתוֹן)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2019
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 שַׁבָּת111 noun feminine Exodus 31:41+ and masculine Isaiah 66:2,6 (under influence of יוֺם in frequent ׳יוֺם הַשּׁ, Albr ZAW xvi (1896), 47) sabbath ( = ת + שׁבת; Late Hebrew שַׁבָּת, Aramaic שַׁבְּתָא, ; perhaps Assyrian šabattum ("" um nu— libbi, day of rest of heart (i.e. propitiation) [of deity]: only in lexical Tablets); compare Lotz Quaest. de hist. Sabbati, 1883 Jen ZA iv (1889), 274ff. (doubts connection of Assyrian word with Hebrew Sabbath) Id S. S. Times, Jan. 16,1892, 35f. Muss-Arn JBL xi (1892), 93 Schw Idioticon 127; see (more recently) Jastr Amos. J. Theol. ii (1898), 332ff. Toy TBL xviii (1899), 190 ff. Dr Hast. DB SABBATH (1902) Zim KAT 3. 592ff.; ZMG 1904,199 ff. [15th day of month so called]458ff.); — absolute ׳שׁ Exodus 16:25 64t.; construct שַׁבַּת Exodus 16:23 10t.; suffix שַׁבַּתּוֺ Numbers 28:10 3t. suffix; plural שַׁבָּתוֺת Leviticus 23:15 7t.; construct שַׁבְּתתֹ Leviticus 23:38; Leviticus 25:3,8; suffix שַׁבְּתוֺתַי Isaiah 56:4 +, etc.; —

1 sabbath:

a. primitiveליהוה ׳שׁ Exodus 16:25 (J), Exodus 20:10 = Deuteronomy 5:14 (ten words) Leviticus 23:3 (P); ׳הַשּׁ Exodus 16:29 (J); בַּיוֺם׳הַשְּׁבִיעִי שׁ Exodus 16:26 (J); on seventh day יוֺם הַשַּׁבָּת Exodus 20:8,11 = Deuteronomy 5:12,15 (ten words), so throughout; Exodus 31:15 3t. P, Jeremiah 17:21; Ezekiel 46:4; Nehemiah 10:32 9t., + ("" new moon) Isaiah 1:13; Ezekiel 46:1; 2 Kings 4:23; Amos 8:5, compare Isaiah 66:23 (twice in verse), also חג and מועד Hosea 2:13; time of change of watch in temple 2 Kings 11:5,7,9 (twice in verse) = 2 Chronicles 23:4,8 (twice in verse); מיסך׳הַשּׁ (in temple) 2 Kings 16:18; originally observed simply by abstinence from labour Exodus 20:9,10 = Deuteronomy 5:12-14; Exodus 23:12 (E), Exodus 34:21 (J; Br Hex. 181-195).

b. Deuteronomic reason for day is deliverance from Egypt Deuteronomy 5:15, hence its consecration, לְקַדְּשׁוֺ Deuteronomy 5:12 = Exodus 20:8; ׳קדּשׁ יום השׁ Jeremiah 17:22,24,27 (especially no load carried), Ezekiel 20:20; Ezekiel 44:24.

c. intensified by anith.׳חלּל שׁ Ezekiel 20:13 5t. Ezekiel; compare Nehemiah 13:18. Phrases in H: ׳שׁמר (ה)שׁ Leviticus 19:3,10; Leviticus 26:2, then P Exodus 31:13,14,16; compare Isaiah 56:2,4,6; יוֺם קָדְשִׁי, ׳קדושׁ י: Isaiah 58:13 (twice in verse) (with כבּד). H also שַׁבְּתֹתֵיכֶם Leviticus 26:35; ׳מִמָּחֳרַת הַשּׁ Leviticus 23:11,15,16; שַׁבְּתוֺתַי Leviticus 19:3,30; Leviticus 26:2; Isaiah 56:4; Ezekiel 20:12; Ezekiel 22:26, +8t. Ezekiel; "" מוֺעֵד Lamentations 2:6.

d. P gives as basis God's resting Exodus 20:11; Exodus 31:17; ׳שׁבתות י Leviticus 23:38; קדשׁ׳שׁ ליהוה Exodus 16:23, compare Nehemiah 9:14, שׁבתון׳שׁ Exodus 31:15; Exodus 35:2; Leviticus 23:3; ׳עשׂה השׁ Exodus 31:16, בְּשַׁבַּתּוֺ׳עֹלַת שׁ Numbers 28:10, compare Isaiah 66:23; ׳בְּיוֺם הַשּׁ׳בְּיוֺם הַשּׁ Leviticus 24:8 on every sabbath, abbreviation שַׁבַּת שַׁבָּת 1 Chronicles 9:32; לַשַּׁבָּתוֺת "" חֳדָשִׁים + מועדים 1 Chronicles 23:31 3t. Chronicles, Nehemiah 10:34 (ל omitted by error); work punished by stoning Numbers 15:32,36; trade prohibited Nehemiah 10:32; Nehemiah 13:15-21.

2 day of atonement is a שַׁבַּת שַׁבָּתוֺן Leviticus 16:31; Leviticus 23:32 (P), compare שָׁבַת שַׁבָּת Leviticus 23:32 (P).

3 sabbath year, שַׁבַּת שַׁבָּתוֺן Leviticus 25:4 (H); שַׁבָּת ליהוה Leviticus 25:2; Leviticus 25:4 (H), שַׁבְּתוֺתֶיהָ רצה (הארץׅ Leviticus 26:34 (twice in verse); Leviticus 26:43 (H), 2 Chronicles 36:21.

4 = week(?): שֶׁבַע שַׁבָּתוֺת Leviticus 23:15 (H), seven sabbaths or weeks; שֶׁבַע שַׁבְּתתֹ (ה)שָּׁנִים Leviticus 25:8; Leviticus 28:8 (H) seven sabbaths or weeks (of years), uncertain (see Mark 16:2,9; Luke 18:12; Matthew 28:1, compare Jewish-Aramaic usage); possibly שַׁבָּת Isaiah 66:23 = week (Du).

5שַׁבַּת הָאָ֫רֶץ Leviticus 25:6 (H) = produce in sabbath year (growing of itself).

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

שַׁבָּת const. state שַׁבַּת, with suff. שַׁבַּתּוֹ, pl. שַׁבָּתוֹת, const. state שַׁבְּתוֹת, common (Exodus 31:14, compared with Leviticus 25:4)

(1)  sabbath, the seventh day of the week, Exodus 16:25, שַׁבָּת הַיּוֹם לַיהוָֹה “to-day is the sabbath of Jehovah.” שַׁבַּת שַׁבָּת every sabbath, 1 Chronicles 9:32. שַׁבַּת שָׁנִים the sabbatical year, every seventh year, in which the land was not tilled, Leviticus 25:4, seqq.

(2) perhaps a week, like the Syr. and Gr. (Matthew 28:1) Leviticus 23:15 compare Deuteronomy 16:9.

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List of Word Forms
בְּשַׁבְּתֹתֵיכֶ֖ם בְּשַׁבַּתּ֑וֹ בַּשַּׁבָּ֖ת בַּשַּׁבָּ֛ת בַּשַּׁבָּ֡ת בַּשַּׁבָּֽת׃ בַּשַּׁבָּת֖וֹת בשבת בשבת׃ בשבתו בשבתות בשבתתיכם הַשַּׁבָּ֑ת הַשַּׁבָּ֔ת הַשַּׁבָּ֖֜ת הַשַּׁבָּ֖֨ת הַשַּׁבָּ֖ת הַשַּׁבָּ֗ת הַשַּׁבָּ֛ת הַשַּׁבָּ֜ת הַשַּׁבָּֽת׃ הַשַּׁבָּת֒ הַשַּׁבָּת֙ הַשַּׁבָּת֨וֹת השבת השבת׃ השבתות וְהַשַּׁבָּ֖ת וְשַׁבַּתָּ֑הּ וְשַׁבָּ֔ת וְשַׁבָּת֙ וּבַשַּׁבָּת֔וֹת וּמִשַׁבְּתוֹתַי֙ ובשבתות והשבת ומשבתותי ושבת ושבתה לַשַּׁבָּ֜ת לַשַּׁבָּת֔וֹת לַשַּׁבָּת֖וֹת לַשַּׁבָּתוֹת֙ לשבת לשבתות מִשַּׁבָּת֙ משבת שַׁבְּתֹ֣ת שַׁבְּתֹתֶ֗יהָ שַׁבְּתֹתֶֽיהָ׃ שַׁבְּתֹתַ֖י שַׁבְּתֹתַ֣י שַׁבְּתוֹתֶ֑יהָ שַׁבְּתוֹתַ֔י שַׁבְּתוֹתַ֖י שַׁבְּתוֹתַי֙ שַׁבַּ֖ת שַׁבַּ֤ת שַׁבַּ֥ת שַׁבַּ֧ת שַׁבַּ֨ת שַׁבַּתְּכֶֽם׃ שַׁבַּת־ שַׁבָּ֑ת שַׁבָּ֖֣ת ׀ שַׁבָּ֖ת שַׁבָּ֥ת שַׁבָּֽת׃ שַׁבָּת֖וֹת שַׁבָּת֙ שבת שבת־ שבת׃ שבתות שבתותי שבתותיה שבתכם׃ שבתת שבתתי שבתתיה שבתתיה׃ baš·šab·bā·ṯō·wṯ baš·šab·bāṯ bashshabBat bashshabbaTot baššabbāṯ baššabbāṯōwṯ bə·šab·bat·tōw bə·šab·bə·ṯō·ṯê·ḵem bəšabbattōw bəšabbəṯōṯêḵem beshabbatTo beshabbetoteiChem haš·šab·bā·ṯō·wṯ haš·šab·bāṯ hashshabBat hashshabbaTot haššabbāṯ haššabbāṯōwṯ laš·šab·bā·ṯō·wṯ laš·šab·bāṯ lashshabBat lashshabbaTot laššabbāṯ laššabbāṯōwṯ miš·šab·bāṯ mishshabBat miššabbāṯ šab·bā·ṯō·wṯ šab·baṯ šab·bāṯ šab·baṯ- šab·bat·tə·ḵem šab·bə·ṯō·ṯay šab·bə·ṯō·ṯe·hā šab·bə·ṯō·w·ṯay šab·bə·ṯō·w·ṯe·hā šab·bə·ṯōṯ šabbaṯ šabbāṯ šabbaṯ- šabbāṯōwṯ šabbattəḵem šabbəṯōṯ šabbəṯōṯay šabbəṯōṯehā šabbəṯōwṯay šabbəṯōwṯehā shabbat shabbaTot shabbatteChem shabbeTot shabbetoTai shabbetoTeiha ū·ḇaš·šab·bā·ṯō·wṯ ū·mi·šab·bə·ṯō·w·ṯay ūḇaššabbāṯōwṯ ūmišabbəṯōwṯay umishabbetoTai uvashshabbaTot vehashshabBat veshabBat veshabbatTah wə·haš·šab·bāṯ wə·šab·bāṯ wə·šab·bat·tāh wəhaššabbāṯ wəšabbāṯ wəšabbattāh
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