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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #372 - ἀνάπαυσις

Root Word (Etymology)
from (G373)
Parts of Speech
feminine noun
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  1. intermission, cessation of any motion, business or labour
  2. rest, recreation
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 5117 ‑ נוּחַ (noo'‑akh);  5117 ‑ נוּחַ (noo'‑akh);  7257 ‑ רָבַץ (raw‑bats');  7281 ‑ רֶגַע (reh'‑gah);  7676 ‑ שַׁבָּת (shab‑bawth');  8252 ‑ שָׁקַט (shaw‑kat');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (5)
Matthew 2
Luke 1
Revelation 2
NAS (5)
Matthew 2
Luke 1
Revelation 2
HCS (5)
Matthew 2
Luke 1
Revelation 2
BSB (5)
Matthew 2
Luke 1
Revelation 2
ESV (4)
Matthew 2
Luke 1
Revelation 1
WEB (5)
Matthew 2
Luke 1
Revelation 2
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


poet. ἄμπ-, εως, ἡ,

1. repose, rest, Mimn. 12.2, Pi. N. 7.52, Hp. VM 11, X. Lac. 12.6: esp. relaxation, recreation, Pl. Ti. 59c, X. Cyr. 7.5.47.

2. c. gen. rei, rest from a thing, κακῶν Th. 4.20; πολέμου X. Hier. 2.11; κακῶν Epicur. Ephesians 3 p.61U.; λειτουργίας PFlor. 57.56.

3. Rhet., cadence of a period, Hermog. Id. 1.1, al.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἀνάπαυσις, ἀναπαύσεως, (ἀναπαύω) (from Mimnermus, Pindar down);

1. intermission, cessation, of any motion, business, labor: ἀνάπαυσιν οὐκ ἔχουσι λέγοντες (Rec. λέγοντα) equivalent to οὐκ ἀναπαυονται λέγοντες they incessantly say, Revelation 4:8.

2. rest, recreation: Matthew 12:43; Luke 11:24; Revelation 14:11 (and often in Greek writings); blessed tranquillity of soul Matthew 11:29 (Sir. 6:(), ; ; Wis. 4:7). (The word denotes a temporary rest, a respite, e. g. of soldiers; cf. Schmidt, chapter 25; Lightfoot on Philemon 1:7; Trench, § xli.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἀνά -παυσις , -εως , ή

(ἀνάπαύω ),

[in LXX chiefly for H5117 and its derivatives, H7676 and its cognates (Ex, Le);]

cessation, rest, refreshment: Matthew 11:26; Matthew 12:43, Luke 11:24, Revelation 4:8; Revelation 14:11.†

SYN.: ἄνεσις G425 (lit, the relaxation of the strings of a lyre), prop. signifies the rest or ease which comes from the relaxation of unfavourable conditions, as, e.g. affliction: ἀνάπ , the rest which comes from the temporary cessation of labour (v. Tr., Stn., § xl; Cremer, 827; MM, VGT, s.v.).

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

In P Flor I. 57.56 (A.D. 223–5) a septuagenarian pleads for ";relief"; (ἀναπαύσεω ̣̓) from public duties (λειτουργίαι); and in BGU I. 180.5 (ii/iii A.D.) we read of the πεντ [α ]ετῆ χρό [ν ]ον ἀνα [παύσε ]ως accorded to veterans μετὰ τ [ὴν ἀπό ]λυσιν from military service. As will be seen from the record of the verb below, the essential idea is that of a respite, or temporary rest as a preparation for future toil, which Lightfoot (on Philemon 1:7) finds in ἀναπαύω. This brings out all the better the differentia of κατάπαυσις in Hebrews 4:1-16, the Sabbath followed by no weekday.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
αναπαύσει αναπαύσεις αναπαύσεως αναπαυσιν ανάπαυσιν ανάπαυσίν ἀνάπαυσιν ανάπαυσις anapausin anápausin
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