Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #372 - ἀνάπαυσις
poet. ἄμπ-, εως, ἡ,
1. repose, rest, Mimn. 12.2, Pi. N. 7.52, Hp. VM 11, X. Lac. 12.6: esp. relaxation, recreation, Pl. Ti. 59c, X. Cyr. 7.5.47.
2. c. gen. rei, rest from a thing, κακῶν Th. 4.20; πολέμου X. Hier. 2.11; κακῶν Epicur. Ephesians 3 p.61U.; λειτουργίας PFlor. 57.56.
3. Rhet., cadence of a period, Hermog. Id. 1.1, al.
ἀνά -παυσις , -εως , ή
cessation, rest, refreshment: Matthew 11:26; Matthew 12:43, Luke 11:24, Revelation 4:8; Revelation 14:11.†
SYN.: ἄνεσις G425 (lit, the relaxation of the strings of a lyre), prop. signifies the rest or ease which comes from the relaxation of unfavourable conditions, as, e.g. affliction: ἀνάπ , the rest which comes from the temporary cessation of labour (v. Tr., Stn., § xl; Cremer, 827; MM, VGT, s.v.).
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
In P Flor I. 57.56 (A.D. 223–5) a septuagenarian pleads for ";relief"; (ἀναπαύσεω ̣̓) from public duties (λειτουργίαι); and in BGU I. 180.5 (ii/iii A.D.) we read of the πεντ [α ]ετῆ χρό [ν ]ον ἀνα [παύσε ]ως accorded to veterans μετὰ τ [ὴν ἀπό ]λυσιν from military service. As will be seen from the record of the verb below, the essential idea is that of a respite, or temporary rest as a preparation for future toil, which Lightfoot (on Philemon 1:7) finds in ἀναπαύω. This brings out all the better the differentia of κατάπαυσις in Hebrews 4:1-16, the Sabbath followed by no weekday.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
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