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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #7854 - שָׂטָן

Word Origin
from (07853)
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) adversary, one who withstands

1a) adversary (in general — personal or national)

2) superhuman adversary

2a) Satan (as noun proper)

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 4567 ‑ Σατανᾶς (sat‑an‑as');  1228 ‑ διάβολος (dee‑ab'‑ol‑os);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (27) NAS (27) HCS (27)
Numbers 2
1 Samuel 1
2 Samuel 1
1 Kings 4
1 Chronicles 1
Job 11
Psalms 1
Zechariah 2
Numbers 2
1 Samuel 1
2 Samuel 1
1 Kings 4
1 Chronicles 1
Job 11
Psalms 1
Zechariah 2
Numbers 2
1 Samuel 1
2 Samuel 1
1 Kings 4
1 Chronicles 1
Job 14
Psalms 1
Zechariah 3
n-cms 26
n-cms 26
n-cms 26

Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2475) nux (סתהנ SThN) AC: Oppose CO: Opponent AB: Opposition: [from: ux- turning]

V) nux (סתהנ SThN) - Oppose: [df: NjV] KJV (6): (vf: Paal) adversary, resist - Strongs: H7853 (שָׂטַן)

Nm ) nux (סתהנ SThN) - Opponent: [df: NjV] KJV (27): satan, adversary, withstand - Strongs: H7854 (שָׂטָן)

ef1 ) enuix (סיתהנה SYThNH) - Opposition: [df: hnjV] KJV (1): accusation - Strongs: H7855 (שִׂטְנָה)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2020
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 שָׂטָן noun masculine Psalm 109:6

1 adversary.

2 Satan (Late Hebrew שָׂטָן, סָטָן; Aramaic שָׂטָנָא, סָטָנָא, Syriac (Hebrew); Late Hebrew verb סָטַן, Aramaic סְטַן; Arabic is be remote, especially from the truth, and from the mercy of God; Satan, Ethiopic :); —

1 adversary, in General, personal or national; (ל) ׳הָיָה לְשׂ Numbers 22:22 (JE), 1 Samuel 29:4 (compare Nes Marg. 15), 2 Samuel 19:23, ׳יָצָא לְשׂ Numbers 22:32 (JE); ׳שׂ 1 Kings 5:18; 1 Kings 11:25; ל׳הֵקִים שׂ, subject God 1 Kings 11:14,23, compare Psalm 109:6 ("" רָשָׁע).

2 superhuman adversary, ׳הַשּׂ:

a. of Job , one ofבְּנֵי אֱלֹהִים Job 1:6,7 (twice in verse); Job 1:8,9,12 (twice in verse); Job 2:1,2(twice in verse); Job 2:3,4 (twice in verse); Job 2:6,7.

b. of high priest of Israel before ׳י, Zechariah 3:1,2(twice in verse); ᵐ5. ὁ διάβολος.

c. as proper name ׳שׂ Satan 1 Chronicles 21:1 (interpret 2 Samuel 24:1), ᵐ5 διάβολος (ᵐ5 σατάν 1 Kings 11:14,23; Σατανᾶς Matthew 4:10; Mark 1:13; Luke 10:18 33t. NT).

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition


(1)  adversary (Arabic شَيْطَانُ), as in war, an enemy, 1 Kings 5:18, 11:14, 23 1 Kings 11:23, 25 1 Kings 11:25; 1 Samuel 29:4 in a court of justice, Psalms 109:6 (compare Zechariah 3:1, Zechariah 3:2); and also whoever opposes himself to another, 2 Samuel 19:23; Numbers 22:22, “the angel of Jehovah stood in the way לְשָׂטָן לוֹ to resist him;” verse 32 Numbers 22:32.

(2) With the art. הַשָּׂטָן (adversary, κατʼ ἐξοχὴν) it assumes the nature of a pr.n. (see Hebr. Gramm., § 107, 2), and is Satan, the devil, the evil genius in the later theology of the Jews [rather, in the true revelation of God from the beginning], who seduces men (1 Chronicles 21:1 in which place only it is without the article, compare 2 Samuel 24:1), and then accuses and calumniates them before God, Zechariah 3:1, Zechariah 3:2; Job 1:7, 2:2, seq.; compare Revelation 12:10, ὁ κατήγωρ τῶν ἀδελφῶν ἡμῶν, ὁ κατηγορῶν αὐτῶν ἐνώπιον τοῦ θεοῦ ἡμῶν ἡμέρας καὶ νυκτός. But it is a groundless opinion of Alb. Schultens, Herder, and Eachhorn, that Satan, in the book of Job, is different from the Satan of the other books, and is a good angel employed to examine into the manners of men; and on this account, whenever in the early part of this book he is mentioned, they would read, הַשָּׂטָן i.e. περιοδεύτης (from the root שׁוּט); this notion has now been rejected by all interpreters. And

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List of Word Forms
הַשָּׂטָ֔ן הַשָּׂטָ֖ן הַשָּׂטָ֗ן הַשָּׂטָ֛ן הַשָּׂטָ֤ן הַשָּׂטָן֙ השטן וְ֝שָׂטָ֗ן וְהַשָּׂטָ֛ן והשטן ושטן לְשָׂטָ֑ן לְשָׂטָ֔ן לְשָׂטָ֖ן לְשָׂטָ֣ן לשטן שָׂטָ֔ן שָׂטָ֖ן שָׂטָ֤ן שָׂטָן֙ שטן haś·śā·ṭān hassaTan haśśāṭān lə·śā·ṭān lesaTan ləśāṭān śā·ṭān saTan śāṭān vehassaTan vesaTan wə·haś·śā·ṭān wə·śā·ṭān wəhaśśāṭān wəśāṭān
Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, October 21st, 2020
the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29
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