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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #8068 - שָׁמִיר
1) thorn(s), adamant, flint
1a) thorns, thorn-bushes
1b) adamant (as sharp)
1c) a sharp stone, flint
1c1) perhaps a diamond
2853) rms (סהמר ShMR) AC: Guard CO: Brier AB: Custody: A close watching of something for guarding or protecting. Shepherds constructed corrals of briers at night to protect the flock from predators. [from: nx- from the thorns used in constructing a corral]
V) rms (סהמר ShMR) - Guard: To watch over or guard in the sense of preserving or protecting. KJV (468): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hitpael, Piel, Participle) keep, observe, heed, keeper, preserve, beware, mark, watchman, wait, watch, regard, save - Strongs: H8104 (שָׁמַר)
bm) rims (סהמיר ShMYR) - I. Brier:Used to construct a corral to protect the flock at night. II. Shamiyr:An unknown sharp stone such as flint or obsidian. KJV (11): brier, adamant, diamond - Strongs: H8068 (שָׁמִיר)
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
(1) a sharp point (see שָׁמַר No. II.), hence thorn, collect. thorns, Isaiah 5:6, 7:23, 24, 25 9:17 32:13 metaph. used of enemies, Isaiah 10:17, 27:4 (Arab. سَمُرَ ةُ coll. سَمُرُ is the Egyptian thorn, a thorn-tree).
(2) diamond, so called from its cutting and perforating (as the point of a stylus was made of diamonds Jeremiah 17:1), Ezekiel 3:9; Zechariah 7:12. (Arab. سَامُورُ id. We may, perhaps, compare Gr. σμῖρις, σμῦρις, i.e. diamond dust, which was used in polishing. Bohlen considers the word to be of Indian origin, comparing asmîra, a stone which eats away, used of gems, iron.)
(3) [Shamir] pr.n.
(a) of a town in the tribe of Judah, Joshua 15:48.
(b) of a town in mount Ephraim, Judges 10:1, Judges 10:2.
(c) 1 Chronicles 24:24 קרי where the כתיב has שָׁמוּר.
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