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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #5208 - ὕλη

Root Word (Etymology)
perhaps akin to (G3586)
Parts of Speech
feminine noun
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  1. a forest, a wood
  2. felled wood, fuel
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 3121 ‑ יָוֵן (yaw‑ven');  5521 ‑ סֻכָּה (sook‑kaw');  8068 ‑ שָׁמִיר (shaw‑meer');  
Frequency Lists
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KJV (1)
James 1
NAS (1)
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HCS (1)
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BSB (1)
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ESV (1)
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James 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ὕλη [], , forest, woodland, Il. 11.155, Od. 17.316, Ephesians 3:5, etc.; γῆν.. δασέαν ὕλῃ παντοίῃ Hdt. 4.21; ἀπ' ὕλης ἀγρίης ζώειν Id. 1.203; ὕλα ἀεργός virgin forest, Berl.Sitzb. 1927.167 (Cyrene); τὰ δένδρα καὶ ὕλη fruit-trees and forest-trees, Th. 4.69 (cf. δένδρον); not only of forest-trees, but also of copse, brushwood, undergrowth (cf. ὕλημα), directly opp. to timber-trees, X. An. 1.5.1, Oec. 16.13, 17.12, PSI 6.577.8 (iii B. C.), Sor. 1.40: also in pl., h.Cer. 386, Hecat. 291 J., Mosch. 3.88, Plb. 5.7.10, D.S. 3.48, D.H. Th. 6, Str. 5.1.12, 15.1.60, Plu. Pyrrh. 25, Cat. Ma. 21, Comp.Cim. Lu 3, Luc. Prom. 12, Sacr. 10, Am. 12, Babr. 12.2, al., Nonn. D. 3.69, 252, 16.91, 36.70, etc.

II wood cut down, Od. 5.257 (cf. III); firewood, fuel, Il. 7.418, 23.50, 111, al., Od. 9.234, Hdt. 4.164, 6.80; brushwood, Id. 7.36, Th. 2.75, etc.; timber, ὕ. ναυπηγησίμη Pl. Lg. 705c; ϝαυπηγήσιμος καὶ οἰκοδομική Thphr. HP 5.7.1, cf. IG 42(1).102.50 (Epid., iv B. C.); also, twigs for birds' nests, Arist. HA 559a2.

III the stuff of which a thing is made, material, (perh. so of wood), Od. 5.257; rarely of other material, as metal, οἱ παρ' ἄκμονι.. ὕλην ἄψυχον δημιουργοῦντες Plu. 2.802b (cf. S. Fr. 844, but ὕλη is Plutarch's word): generally, materials, PMasp. 151.91 (vi A. D.).

2. in Philosophy, matter, first in Arist. (Ti.Locr. 93b, al. is later); defined as τὸ ὑποκείμενον γενέσεως καὶ φθορᾶς δεκτικόν, GC 320a2; as τὸ ἐζ οὗ γίγνεται, Metaph. 1032a17; οὐσία ἥ τε ὕ. καὶ τὸ εἶδος καὶ τὸ ἐκ τούτων ib.1035a2; opp. as δυνάμει τόδε τι to τόδε τι ἐνεργεία, ib. 1042a27; opp. ἐντελέχεια, ib.1038b6: in later philosoph. writers, mostly opp. to the intelligent and formative principle (νοῦς), Procl. Inst. 72, etc.; ὕ. τῶν ἀριθμῶν Iamb. Comm.Math. 4.

3. matter for a poem or treatise, ὕ. τραγική, ποιητικαὶ ὗλαι, Plb. 2.16.14, Longin. 13.4, cf. 43.1, Vett.Val. 172.1, etc.; ἡ ὑποκειμένη ὕ. the subject- matter, Arist. EN 1094b12, cf. Phld. Rh. 2.124 S.

4. ὕ. ἰατρική materia medica, Dsc.tit.; so ὕλη alone, materia medica, Id. 1 Prooem., Gal. 17(2).181; ὗλαι τῆς τέχνης ibid., cf. 6.77, Sor. 1.83, 110, 2.15, 28; ἡ ὕ. τῶν ὁπλομαχικῶν ἐνεργειῶν Gal. 6.157. ἡ μέση ὕλη the middle range of diet, Sor. 1.46, 2.15; τροφιμωτέρα ὕλη Id. 1.95, cf. 36.

5. pl., material resources, βασιλικαὶ ὗλαι Ph. 1.640.

sediment, Ar. Fr. 879, cf. Sch. Ar. Pl. 1086, 1088 (hence ὑλίζω (ἀφ-, δι-), ὑλώδης 11); mud, slime, UPZ 70.9 (ii B. C.); ὕλῃ, ὕλει, and ἰλυῖ are cj. for ὕδει in Thgn. 961.

2. matter excreted from the human body, Sor. 1.22, 23, 25, al.; ἡ ὕ. τῶν ἐμπυημάτων Gal. 18(2).256; phlegm, catarrh, PMed. in Arch.Pap. 4.270 (iii A. D.).

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ὕλη, ὕλης, , a forest, a wood; felled wood, fuel: James 3:5. (From Homer down; the Sept..)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ὕλη , -ης , ,

[in LXX: Job 19:29 (†) Job 38:40 (H5521), Psalms 69:2 B.l א (H3121), Isaiah 10:17 (H8068), Wisdom of Solomon 11:17; Wisdom of Solomon 15:13, Sirach 28:10, 2 Maccabees 2:24, 4 Maccabees 1:29*;]

1. wood, forest, woodland (Thus., Xen., al.).

2. wood, timber, fuel (Hom., Hdt., Thuc., al.): James 3:5 (v. Hort, Ja., 70, 104 f.).

3. = Lat. materia, esp. in Philosophy, matter (Arist. and later writers; Wis, ll. c.).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";high"; : BGU IV. 1185.21 (B.C. 94–93?) γεωμετρίαν δύσβροχον δ [ι ]ὰ τὸ λείαν ὑψηλὴν εἶναι, cf height above the water level, P Thead 16.6 (after A.D. 307) ἐν ὑψηλοῖς τόποις. The referer.ee is to bodily height in P Flor II. 142.5 (A.D. 264) ὄνους δύο θηλείας ὑψηλάς, ";two tall female asses."; MGr ψηλός, ";high.";


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ύλαις ύλη υλην ύλην ὕλην υλώδης hylen hylēn hýlen hýlēn ulen ulēn
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