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Bible Commentaries

Bridgeway Bible Commentary
1 Chronicles 22

 

 

Verse 1

David's fame (18:1-22:1)

Before speaking further of the temple, the writer lists a number of David's victories in war. These records show how God was strengthening David's kingdom according to his promise, but they show also why God would not allow David to build the temple. One who had caused so much bloodshed was not a suitable person to build the nation's sacred place of worship (see 22:7-10).

The writer records victories over miscellaneous enemies (18:1-17; see notes on 2 Samuel 8:1-18); victory over a combined Ammonite-Syrian attack (19:1-19; see notes on 2 Samuel 10:1-19); victory over Ammon at Rabbah (20:1-3; see notes on 2 Samuel 11:1; 2 Samuel 12:26-31); and various victories over the Philistines (4-8; see notes on 2 Samuel 21:18-22).

In bringing these battle stories together, the writer has omitted a number of passages from the parallel section of 2 Samuel. He is concerned with God's plan for establishing the kingdom of David, not with the fate of Saul's survivors (2 Samuel 9:1-13; 2 Samuel 21:1-17), nor with David's personal sins and family troubles (2 Sam 11:2-12:25; 13:1-20:26).

There is, however, one sin of David's that the Chronicler does record, and that is his numbering of the people. Yet even this story is recorded not to point out a personal weakness, but to show how David bought the piece of ground on which the temple was to be built (21:1-22:1; see notes on 2 Samuel 24:1-25). The writer now moves on to show how David, having bought the site, began preparations for the temple's construction.


Verses 2-19

22:2-29:30 PREPARATIONS FOR THE TEMPLE

David's encouragement to Solomon (22:2-19)

God's purpose was that Solomon, not David, should build the temple. Although David understood the reason for this and accepted it humbly, he did all he could to help Solomon in his task. He gathered construction materials in great quantities, and put all foreigners in Israel to work preparing the stones for building (2-5). Most importantly, he encouraged Solomon to seek wisdom from God and obey his commandments, so that he might govern the nation according to the law of God (6-13). David provided Solomon with further practical help by arranging for various kinds of craftsmen to be ready to start work when the time arrived. (14-16).

David's conquests gave Israel such strength and security that it was safe from attack. This allowed Solomon to concentrate on his building program without interference (17-19).

 


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Bibliography Information
Flemming, Donald C. "Commentary on 1 Chronicles 22:4". "Brideway Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bbc/1-chronicles-22.html. 2005.

Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, August 21st, 2019
the Week of Proper 15 / Ordinary 20
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