Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

1 Chronicles 22

Introduction

1David, foreknowing the place of the temple, prepares abundance for the building of it.
6He instructs Solomon in God's promises, and his duty in building the temple.
17He charges the princes to assist his son.

Verse 1

Then David said, This is the house of the LORD God, and this is the altar of the burnt offering for Israel.
This is the house
David perhaps had some assurance that this was the place on which God designed that His house should be built; and perhaps it was this that induced him to buy not only the threshing-floor, but probably some adjacent ground also, as Calmet supposes, that there might be sufficient room for such a structure.
21:18-28; Genesis 28:17; Deuteronomy 12:5-7,11; 2 Samuel 24:18; 2 Chronicles 3:1; 6:5,6; Psalms 78:60,67-69; 132:13,14; John 4:20-22
and this is the altar
2 Kings 18:22; 2 Chronicles 32:12
Reciprocal: Genesis 46:11 - Levi;  2 Samuel 24:24 - So David;  1 Chronicles 3:11 - Ahaziah;  2 Chronicles 11:16 - to sacrifice;  Ezra 2:68 - in his place;  Zechariah 9:7 - a Jebusite;  Matthew 25:16 - went;  Acts 13:36 - served

Verse 2

And David commanded to gather together the strangers that were in the land of Israel; and he set masons to hew wrought stones to build the house of God.
the strangers
1 Kings 9:20,21; 2 Chronicles 2:17; 8:7,8; Isaiah 61:5,6; Ephesians 2:12,19-22
masons
14:1; 2 Samuel 5:11; 1 Kings 5:17,18; 6:7; 7:9-12; 2 Kings 12:12; 22:6; Ezra 3:7
Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 22:15 - hewers and workers of stone and timber;  1 Chronicles 28:2 - had made ready

Verse 3

And David prepared iron in abundance for the nails for the doors of the gates, and for the joinings; and brass in abundance without weight;
prepared iron
29:2,7
without weight
14; 1 Kings 7:47; 2 Chronicles 4:18; Jeremiah 52:20
Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 22:16 - the gold;  1 Chronicles 26:20 - treasures

Verse 4

Also cedar trees in abundance: for the Zidonians and they of Tyre brought much cedar wood to David.
cedar trees
2 Samuel 5:11; 1 Kings 5:6-10; 2 Chronicles 2:3; Ezra 3:7
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 5:3 - could not;  1 Chronicles 26:20 - treasures;  1 Chronicles 29:3 - of mine own proper good

Verse 5

And David said, Solomon my son is young and tender, and the house that is to be builded for the LORD must be exceeding magnifical, of fame and of glory throughout all countries: I will therefore now make preparation for it. So David prepared abundantly before his death.
Solomon
29:1; 1 Kings 3:7; 2 Chronicles 13:7
exceeding
1 Kings 9:8; 2 Chronicles 2:5; 7:21; Ezra 3:12; Isaiah 64:11; Ezekiel 7:20; Haggai 2:3,9; Luke 21:5
David prepared
Deuteronomy 31:2-7; Ecclesiastes 9:10; John 3:30; 4:37,38; 9:4; 13:1; 2 Peter 1:13-15
Reciprocal: Genesis 33:13 - the children;  2 Samuel 3:39 - weak;  1 Kings 1:5 - I will;  1 Chronicles 29:3 - of mine own proper good;  2 Chronicles 24:13 - in his state;  2 Chronicles 34:3 - while he;  Proverbs 4:3 - General

Verse 6

Then he called for Solomon his son, and charged him to build an house for the LORD God of Israel.
charged him
Numbers 27:18,19,23; Deuteronomy 31:14,23; Matthew 28:18-20; Acts 1:2; 20:25-31; 1 Timothy 5:21; 6:13-17; 2 Timothy 4:1
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 3:28 - charge Joshua;  1 Kings 1:13 - Assuredly

Verse 7

And David said to Solomon, My son, as for me, it was in my mind to build an house unto the name of the LORD my God:
it was in
17:1-15; 28:2-21; 29:3; 2 Samuel 7:2; 1 Kings 8:17-19; 2 Chronicles 6:7-9; Psalms 132:5
unto the name
Deuteronomy 12:5,11,21; 1 Kings 8:16,20,29; 9:3; 2 Chronicles 2:4; Ezra 6:12
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 3:26 - Let it;  2 Samuel 7:3 - all that;  2 Samuel 7:5 - Shalt;  1 Chronicles 17:2 - Do all;  1 Chronicles 17:4 - Thou shalt not;  1 Chronicles 22:19 - to the name;  Psalm 68:29 - Because;  Psalm 73:2 - But;  Acts 7:46 - and desired

Verse 8

But the word of the LORD came to me, saying, Thou hast shed blood abundantly, and hast made great wars: thou shalt not build an house unto my name, because thou hast shed much blood upon the earth in my sight.
Thou has shed
28:3; Numbers 31:20,24; 1 Kings 5:3
thou shalt not
17:4-10; 2 Samuel 7:5-11
Reciprocal: Numbers 31:19 - abide;  1 Kings 1:20 - that thou;  1 Kings 8:19 - GeneralPsalm 72:7 - abundance;  John 10:35 - unto;  Acts 7:46 - and desired

Verse 9

Behold, a son shall be born to thee, who shall be a man of rest; and I will give him rest from all his enemies round about: for his name shall be Solomon, and I will give peace and quietness unto Israel in his days.
a son
17:11; 28:5-7; 2 Samuel 7:12,13
I will give
1 Kings 4:20,25; 5:4; Psalms 72:7; Isaiah 9:6,7
Solomon
that is, Peaceable.
2 Samuel 12:24,25
I will give peace
Judges 6:24; *marg:; Job 34:29; Isaiah 26:12; 45:7; 57:19; 66:12; Haggai 2:9
Reciprocal: Leviticus 26:6 - I will;  1 Kings 1:11 - Nathan;  1 Kings 2:4 - his word;  1 Kings 2:15 - for it was;  1 Kings 4:24 - had peace;  1 Kings 9:5 - I will establish;  1 Chronicles 14:4 - Solomon;  1 Chronicles 17:12 - He shall;  1 Chronicles 22:18 - and hath;  1 Chronicles 28:6 - he shall;  2 Chronicles 6:15 - and spakest;  2 Chronicles 14:6 - for the land;  Ezra 4:1 - the adversaries;  Psalm 147:14 - He maketh peace;  Proverbs 1:1 - Solomon;  Acts 9:31 - the churches;  Hebrews 7:2 - King of righteousness;  James 3:17 - peaceable

Verse 10

He shall build an house for my name; and he shall be my son, and I will be his father; and I will establish the throne of his kingdom over Israel for ever.
He shall build
17:12,13; 28:6; 2 Samuel 7:13; 1 Kings 5:5; 8:19,20; Zechariah 6:12,13
he shall be
Psalms 89:26; Hebrews 1:5
I will establish
17:14; 28:7; Psalms 89:36,37; Isaiah 9:7
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 17:15 - whom;  2 Samuel 7:11 - he will make;  2 Samuel 12:24 - she bare;  1 Kings 1:11 - Nathan;  1 Kings 2:15 - for it was;  1 Kings 2:24 - as he promised;  1 Kings 6:12 - then will 1perform;  1 Kings 8:13 - surely built;  1 Kings 9:5 - I will establish;  1 Chronicles 28:5 - he hath chosen;  2 Chronicles 2:1 - for the name;  2 Chronicles 6:2 - I have built;  2 Chronicles 6:15 - and spakest;  Ezra 4:1 - the adversaries;  Psalm 89:4 - GeneralPsalm 89:29 - throne;  Psalm 127:1 - build;  Ephesians 6:4 - but

Verse 11

Now, my son, the LORD be with thee; and prosper thou, and build the house of the LORD thy God, as he hath said of thee.
the Lord
16; 28:20; Isaiah 26:12; Matthew 1:23; 28:20; Romans 15:33; 2 Timothy 4:22
Reciprocal: Numbers 13:20 - good courage;  Numbers 20:28 - put them;  Deuteronomy 3:28 - charge Joshua;  1 Samuel 17:37 - Go;  1 Samuel 20:13 - the Lord be;  1 Kings 8:13 - surely built;  1 Chronicles 29:23 - prospered;  2 Chronicles 6:2 - I have built;  2 Chronicles 19:11 - Deal courageously;  2 Chronicles 26:5 - and as long;  Psalm 1:3 - whatsoever;  Psalm 127:1 - build;  Proverbs 4:4 - He;  Proverbs 15:5 - fool;  1 Corinthians 15:57 - giveth;  1 Thessalonians 2:11 - as

Verse 12

Only the LORD give thee wisdom and understanding, and give thee charge concerning Israel, that thou mayest keep the law of the LORD thy God.
Only the
1 Kings 3:9-12; 2 Chronicles 1:10; Psalms 72:1; Proverbs 2:6,7; Luke 21:15; James 1:5
that thou mayest
Deuteronomy 4:6; 1 Kings 11:1-10; Proverbs 14:8; 1 John 2:3
Reciprocal: Numbers 20:28 - put them;  1 Samuel 15:1 - hearken;  1 Kings 2:3 - And keep;  1 Kings 3:14 - if thou;  Ezra 7:25 - the wisdom;  Psalm 119:73 - give me;  Psalm 119:169 - give me;  Proverbs 2:3 - if;  Daniel 2:21 - he giveth;  2 Timothy 2:7 - and;  James 1:17 - good;  James 3:17 - the wisdom

Verse 13

Then shalt thou prosper, if thou takest heed to fulfil the statutes and judgments which the LORD charged Moses with concerning Israel: be strong, and of good courage; dread not, nor be dismayed.
Then shalt
28:7; Joshua 1:7,8; *marg:; 1 Kings 2:3; 2 Chronicles 20:20; Psalms 119:6; Jeremiah 22:3,4
to fulfil
Matthew 3:15; Acts 13:22; Galatians 6:2; James 2:8
be strong
28:10,20; Deuteronomy 31:7,8; Joshua 1:6-9,18; 1 Corinthians 16:13; Ephesians 6:10; 2 Timothy 2:1
Reciprocal: Genesis 39:3 - prosper;  Deuteronomy 31:6 - Be strong;  1 Samuel 15:1 - hearken;  1 Kings 3:14 - if thou;  2 Chronicles 26:5 - and as long;  2 Chronicles 31:21 - prospered;  Psalm 72:1 - Give;  Haggai 2:4 - now;  Zechariah 8:9 - Let;  1 Timothy 3:15 - know;  Hebrews 2:1 - the more

Verse 14

Now, behold, in my trouble I have prepared for the house of the LORD an hundred thousand talents of gold, and a thousand thousand talents of silver; and of brass and iron without weight; for it is in abundance: timber also and stone have I prepared; and thou mayest add thereto.
trouble
or, poverty.
2 Corinthians 8:2
an hundred thousand
This, at 5,075£. 15s. 7®d. the talent, would amount to the sum of 507,578,125£.
29:4-7; 1 Kings 10:14
thousand thousand talents of silver
This, at 353£. 11s. 10d. the talent, would amount to 353,591,666£. 13s. 4d.; and both sums would amount to the immense sum of 868,169,791£. 13s. 4d.
without weight
3; 2 Kings 25:16; Jeremiah 52:20
Reciprocal: Exodus 38:24 - All the gold;  Numbers 7:85 - two thousand;  Deuteronomy 8:9 - whose stones;  2 Samuel 8:8 - exceeding;  2 Samuel 8:11 - Which;  1 Kings 7:47 - found out;  1 Chronicles 18:8 - wherewith;  1 Chronicles 18:11 - dedicated;  1 Chronicles 22:16 - the gold;  1 Chronicles 26:20 - treasures;  1 Chronicles 26:26 - over all the treasures;  1 Chronicles 28:2 - had made ready;  1 Chronicles 29:2 - I have prepared;  1 Chronicles 29:3 - of mine own proper good;  1 Chronicles 29:19 - the which;  2 Chronicles 4:18 - the weight;  2 Chronicles 5:1 - brought in all;  Ezra 2:69 - the treasure;  Job 28:2 - Iron

Verse 15

Moreover there are workmen with thee in abundance, hewers and workers of stone and timber, and all manner of cunning men for every manner of work.
hewers and workers of stone and timber
that is, masons and carpenters.
all manner
Exodus 28:6; 31:3-5; 35:32,35; 1 Kings 7:14
Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 2:7 - whom David

Verse 16

Of the gold, the silver, and the brass, and the iron, there is no number. Arise therefore, and be doing, and the LORD be with thee.
the gold
3,14
Arise
Joshua 1:2,5,9; 7:10; Judges 4:14; 18:9,10; 2 Chronicles 20:17; 1 Corinthians 15:58; Ephesians 5:14; Philippians 2:12,13; 4:13
and the Lord
11; 1 Samuel 17:37; 20:13
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 8:8 - exceeding;  1 Kings 7:47 - found out;  1 Chronicles 22:19 - arise;  1 Chronicles 28:10 - Take heed now;  2 Chronicles 2:7 - whom David;  2 Chronicles 19:11 - Deal courageously;  2 Chronicles 36:23 - Who is there;  Ezra 10:4 - Arise;  Acts 8:26 - Arise

Verse 17

David also commanded all the princes of Israel to help Solomon his son, saying,
all the princes
28:21; 29:6; Romans 16:2,3; Philippians 4:3; 3 John 1:8
Reciprocal: Numbers 20:28 - put them;  1 Chronicles 29:24 - all the princes

Verse 18

Is not the LORD your God with you? and hath he not given you rest on every side? for he hath given the inhabitants of the land into mine hand; and the land is subdued before the LORD, and before his people.
Is not
Judges 6:12-14; Romans 8:31
and hath
9; 23:25; Deuteronomy 12:10,11; Joshua 22:4; 23:1; 2 Samuel 7:1; Acts 9:31
before the Lord
Deuteronomy 20:4; Joshua 10:42; 1 Samuel 25:28; 2 Samuel 5:19,20; Psalms 44:1-5
Reciprocal: Judges 4:23 - General1 Chronicles 28:21 - also the princes;  2 Chronicles 17:3 - the Lord;  Nehemiah 9:24 - thou subduedst;  Psalm 18:39 - subdued;  Psalm 27:6 - above

Verse 19

Now set your heart and your soul to seek the LORD your God; arise therefore, and build ye the sanctuary of the LORD God, to bring the ark of the covenant of the LORD, and the holy vessels of God, into the house that is to be built to the name of the LORD.
set your
16:11; 28:9; Deuteronomy 4:29; 32:46,47; Psalms 27:4; 2 Chronicles 20:3; Daniel 9:3; Haggai 1:5; *marg:; Acts 11:23
arise
16; Isaiah 60:1; Acts 22:16
to bring
1 Kings 8:6,21; 2 Chronicles 5:7; 6:11
to the name
7; 1 Kings 5:3 Reciprocal: Exodus 9:21 - regarded not;  1 Samuel 7:3 - prepare;  2 Chronicles 11:16 - set;  2 Chronicles 19:11 - Deal courageously;  2 Chronicles 31:21 - he did it;  2 Chronicles 35:2 - encouraged;  Ezra 10:4 - Arise;  Ecclesiastes 9:10 - thy hand;  Ezekiel 44:5 - mark well;  Colossians 3:2 - Set

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 Chronicles 22". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/1-chronicles-22.html.