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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes
Galatians 2

 

 

Verse 1

after. Greek. dia. App-104. Galatians 2:1. i.e. after his conversion. See App-180. Compare Acts 15:1, &c.

to. Greek. cis. App-104.

with. Greek. meta. App-104.

took . . . with. Greek. sumparalambano. See Acts 12:25.

also. Read after Titus. Titus was one of the "certain other" of Acts 15:2. This was the third visit, the second being that of Acts 11:29, Acts 11:30; Acts 12:25.


Verse 2

by according to. Greek. kata. App-104.

revelation. Greek. apokalupsis. App-106. The decision of Acts 15:2 was Divinely guided

communicated Greek. anatithemi. See Acts 25:14 (declared),

unto = to.

that = the.

gospel, See App-140.

preach. Greek. kerueso. App-121.

among, Greek. en. App-104.

privately. See Acts 23:19.

which were, &c. Literally who seemed. Greek. dokio. See verses: Galatians 2:6-8.

lest . . . means. Greek. me pos.

in vain = for (Greek. eis) no effect. Compare 2 Corinthians 6:1.


Verse 3

neither nut even. Gr oude.

with. Greek. sun. App-104.

being = (though) being.


Verse 4

because of. Greek. dia. App-104. Galatians 2:2.

false brethren. Greek. pseudadelphos. See 2 Corinthians 11:26.

unawares, &c. = brought in stealthily. Greek. pareiskatos. Only here.

came in privily. Greek. pareiserchomai, See Romans 5:20.

spy out. Greek. kutaskopeo. Only here.

in. Greek. ein. App-101,

Christ Jesus. App-98.

that = in order that. Greek. hina.

bring, &c. Greek. katadouloo. See 2 Corinthians 11:20. Compare App-190.


Verse 5

gave place = yielded. Greek. eiko. Only here.

subjection. Greek. hupotage. See 2 Corinthians 9:13.

no, not = not even. Greek. oude. See Galatians 2:3. This emphatic statement is the Figure of speech Negotio. App-6.

for. Greek. pros. App-104.

the truth, &r. Compare Galatians 2:14. Colossians 1:5, Colossians 1:6

continue. Greek. diameno. Elsewhere, Luke 1:22; Luke 22:28, Hebrews 1:11. 2 Peter 3:4.

with. Greek. pros, as above.


Verse 6

of = from. Greek. apo. App-1.

seemed. Greek. dokeo, as in Galatians 2:2.

somewhat. Greek. ti, neut. of tis. App-123.

were = once were.

maketh, &c. = matters (Greek. diaphero)

nothing (Greek. ouden). Compare Galatians 4:1. See Acts 27:27.

God. App-98.

no. Greek. ou. App-105.

man"s. Greek. anthropos. App-123. Here is the Figure of speech Anacoluthon, App-6. He breaks off at "somewhat", and resumes with "for", changing the construction.

for = but.

in conference added. Same as "conferred", Galatians 1:16.

nothing. Greek. ouden, as above.

to me. This is emph. and in the Greek comes at the beginning of the sentence.


Verse 7

saw. Greek. eidon. App-133.

was committed, &c. = I have been entrusted with. Greek. pisteuo. App-150.

a, &c. = even as Peter (with that) of the circumcision.


Verse 8

wrought, &c. Greek. energeo. See Romans 7:5, and compare App-172.

in = by. No prep, Dat, case.

was mighty. Greek. energeo, as above.

me = me also.

toward. Greek. eis. App-104.


Verse 9

James. See Galatians 1:19.

Cephas. Compare Galatians 1:18.

John. The only mention of him in Paul"s epistles,

seemed. Compare verses: Galatians 2:2, Galatians 2:6.

pillars. Greek. stulos. Elsewhere, 1 Timothy 3:15. Revelation 3:12; Revelation 10:1. Applied by the Jews to teachers of the Law.

perceived. Greek. ginosko. App-132.

grace. Greek. charis. App-184.

unto. Greek. eis, App-104.

heathen. Compare Galatians 1:16.


Verse 10

poor. Greek. ptochos. App-127. The Lord"s poor. See John 12:8.

also, &c. = was forward also.

was forward = was zealous. Greek. spoudazo. Elsewhere, Ephesians 4:3. 1 Thessalonians 2:17. 2 Timothy 2:15; 2 Timothy 4:9, 2 Timothy 4:21. Titus 3:12. Hebrews 4:11. 2 Peter 1:10, 2 Peter 1:15; 2 Peter 3:14


Verse 11

Peter. The texts read Kephas, as in Galatians 1:18,

was come = came. This must have followed the council of Act 15, and preceded the dispute of Galatians 15:36-40.

withstood. Greek. anthistemi. Occurs fourteen times, five times withstand", nine times "resist".

to = against. Greek. kata. App-104.

blamed = condemned. Greek. kataginosko Elsewhere, 1 John 3:20, 1 John 3:21.


Verse 12

before. Greek. pro. App-104.

certain. Greek. tines App-124.

from. Greek. apo. App-104.

eat with. Greek. sunesthio. See Acts 10:41.

withdrew = began to withdraw, Greek. hupostello, See Acts 20:20.

of. Greek. ek. App-104.


Verse 13

the other = the rest of. Greek. loipos. App-124.

dissembled. with. Greek. sunupokrinomai. Only here. Compare App-122.

likewise = also.

carried away. Greek. sunapagomai. See Romans 12:16.

with = by.

dissimulation. Greek. hupokrisis.


Verse 14

walked . . . uprightly. Greek. orthopodeu. Only here.

not. Greek. ou. App-105.

according to. Gr, pros. App-104.

If. Greek. ei. App-118.

being. Greek. huparcho. See Luke 9:48.

livest. Greek. zao. See App-170.

The meaning here is = if thou, a Jew, having become free from the Law, in Christ, See Galatians 5:1, how unreasonable to compel Gentiles to judaize (adopt the rites and customs of the Jews)?

after the manner, &c. Gr, ethnikos. Only here. Compare the adjective in Matthew 6:7; Matthew 18:17

as do the Jews. Greek. Ioudaikos. Only here. Compare the adjective in Titus 1:14.

live, &c. Gr, Ioudaiz:. Only here. Compare the noun in Galatians 1:13, Galatians 1:14.


Verse 15

sinners. Greek. hamartools. Compare App-128 and Matthew 9:10.


Verse 16

Knowing. Greek. oida. App-132.

justified. Greek. dikaioo App-191.

by. Greek. ek. App-104.

the. Omit.

but by = except (Greek. ean me)

by (Greek. dia App-104).

faith. Greek. pistis. App-150.

Jesus Christ. App-98.

even we = we also.

have. Omit.

believed. Greek. pisteuo App-150.

Christ. App-98.

no flesh. Literally not (Greek. ou) all flesh. A Hebraism.


Verse 17

by = in. Greek. en. App-104.

minister. Greek. diakonos. App-190.

sin. Greek. hamartia. App-128.

God forbid. See Luke 20:16. Romans 3:4.


Verse 18

make = prove.

transgressor. Greek. parabates. App-128. There is an ellipsis here. Read "to have been a transgressor", i.e. in destroying.


Verse 19

through. Greek. dia. App-104.

am dead = died.


Verse 20

am = have been.

crucified with. Greek. sustauroo See John 19:32 and Romans 6:6.

not = no longer.

life . . . flesh. Compare 1 Corinthians 15:45.

Son of God. App-98.

loved. Greek. agapao. App-135.

gave = gave up, as John 19:30.

for. Greek. huper. App-104.


Verse 21

frustrate. Greek. atheteo See Galatians 3:15 and John 12:48.

righteousness. Greek. dikaiosune. App-191.

by = through, as Galatians 2:19.

is dead = died.

in vain. i.e. uselessly. Greek. dorean. See John 15:25,

 


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Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Galatians 2:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/galatians-2.html. 1909-1922.

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