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Bible Commentaries

Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Galatians 2

Verse 1

after . Greek. dia . App-104 .Galatians 2:1 . i.e. after his conversion. See App-180 . Compare Acts 15:1 , &c.

to. Greek. cis . App-104 .

with. Greek. meta . App-104 .

took . . . with . Greek. sumparalambano . See Acts 12:25 .

also. Read after Titus. Titus was one of the "certain other" of Acts 15:2 . This was the third visit, the second being that of Acts 11:29 , Acts 11:30 ; Acts 12:25 .

Verse 2

by according to. Greek. kata . App-104 .

revelation . Greek. apokalupsis . App-106 . The decision of Acts 15:2 was Divinely guided

communicated Greek. anatithemi . See Acts 25:14 (declared),

unto = to.

that = the.

gospel , See App-140 .

preach. Greek. kerueso . App-121 .

among, Greek. en . App-104 .

privately . See Acts 23:19 .

which were , &c. Literally who seemed. Greek. dokio . See verses: Galatians 2:6-48.2.8 .

lest . . . means . Greek. me pos.

in vain = for (Greek. eis) no effect. Compare 2 Corinthians 6:1 .

Verse 3

neither nut even. Gr oude .

with . Greek. sun . App-104 .

being = (though) being.

Verse 4

because of . Greek. dia . App-104 .Galatians 2:2 .

false brethren . Greek. pseudadelphos . See 2 Corinthians 11:26 .

unawares , &c. = brought in stealthily. Greek. pareiskatos . Only here.

came in privily . Greek. pareiserchomai , See Romans 5:20 .

spy out . Greek. kutaskopeo . Only here.

in . Greek. ein . App-101 ,

Christ Jesus. App-98 .

that = in order that. Greek. hina .

bring , &c. Greek. katadouloo . See 2 Corinthians 11:20 . Compare App-190 .

Verse 5

gave place = yielded. Greek. eiko . Only here.

subjection . Greek. hupotage . See 2 Corinthians 9:13 .

no, not = not even. Greek. oude. See Galatians 2:3 . This emphatic statement is the Figure of speech Negotio. App-6 .

for . Greek. pros . App-104 .

the truth , &r. Compare Galatians 2:14 .Colossians 1:5 , Colossians 1:6

continue . Greek. diameno . Elsewhere, Luke 1:22 ; Luke 22:28 , Hebrews 1:11 . 2 Peter 3:4 .

with . Greek. pros , as above.

Verse 6

of = from. Greek. apo . App-1 .

seemed . Greek. dokeo , as in Galatians 2:2 .

somewhat . Greek. ti , neut. of tis . App-123 .

were = once were.

maketh , &c. = matters (Greek. diaphero)

nothing (Greek. ouden) . Compare Galatians 4:1 . See Acts 27:27 .

God . App-98 .

no. Greek. ou . App-105 .

man's . Greek. anthropos . App-123 . Here is the Figure of speech Anacoluthon , App-6 . He breaks off at "somewhat", and resumes with "for", changing the construction.

for = but.

in conference added . Same as "conferred", Galatians 1:16 .

nothing . Greek. ouden , as above.

to me . This is emph. and in the Greek comes at the beginning of the sentence.

Verse 7

saw. Greek. eidon. App-133 .

was committed, &c. = I have been entrusted with. Greek. pisteuo . App-150 .

a , &c. = even as Peter (with that) of the circumcision.

Verse 8

wrought , &c. Greek. energeo . See Romans 7:5 , and compare App-172 .

in = by. No prep, Dat, case.

was mighty . Greek. energeo , as above.

me = me also.

toward . Greek. eis . App-104 .

Verse 9

James . See Galatians 1:19 .

Cephas . Compare Galatians 1:18 .

John . The only mention of him in Paul's epistles,

seemed . Compare verses: Galatians 2:2 , Galatians 2:6 .

pillars . Greek. stulos . Elsewhere, 1 Timothy 3:15 .Revelation 3:12 ; Revelation 10:1 . Applied by the Jews to teachers of the Law.

perceived . Greek. ginosko . App-132 .

grace . Greek. charis . App-184 .

unto . Greek. eis , App-104 .

heathen . Compare Galatians 1:16 .

Verse 10

poor . Greek. ptochos . App-127 . The Lord's poor. See John 12:8 .

also , &c. = was forward also.

was forward = was zealous. Greek. spoudazo . Elsewhere, Ephesians 4:3 . 1 Thessalonians 2:17 . 2 Timothy 2:15 ; 2 Timothy 4:9 , 1 Timothy 3:12; 1 Timothy 3:12 .Hebrews 4:11 . 2 Peter 1:10 , 2Pe 1:15 ; 2 Peter 3:14

Verse 11

Peter. The texts read Kephas, as in Galatians 1:18 ,

was come = came. This must have followed the council of Acts 15:0 , and preceded the dispute of Gal 15:36-40 .

withstood . Greek. anthistemi . Occurs fourteen times, five times withstand", nine times "resist".

to = against. Greek. kata . App-104 .

blamed = condemned. Greek. kataginosko Elsewhere, 1 John 3:20 , 1 John 3:21 .

Verse 12

before . Greek. pro . App-104 .

certain . Greek. tines App-124 .

from. Greek. apo . App-104 .

eat with. Greek. sunesthio . See Acts 10:41 .

withdrew = began to withdraw, Greek. hupostello, See Acts 20:20 .

of . Greek. ek . App-104 .

Verse 13

the other = the rest of. Greek. loipos . App-124 .

dissembled. with . Greek. sunupokrinomai . Only here. Compare App-122 .

likewise = also.

carried away . Greek. sunapagomai . See Romans 12:16 .

with = by.

dissimulation . Greek. hupokrisis .

Verse 14

walked . . . uprightly . Greek. orthopodeu . Only here.

not . Greek. ou . App-105 .

according to . Gr, pros . App-104 .

If. Greek. ei . App-118 .

being . Greek. huparcho . See Luke 9:48 .

livest . Greek. zao . See App-170 .

The meaning here is = if thou, a Jew, having become free from the Law, in Christ, See Galatians 5:1 , how unreasonable to compel Gentiles to judaize (adopt the rites and customs of the Jews)?

after the manner , &c. Gr, ethnikos . Only here. Compare the adjective in Matthew 6:7 ; Matthew 18:17

as do the Jews . Greek. Ioudaikos . Only here. Compare the adjective in Titus 1:14 .

live, &c. Gr, Ioudaiz :. Only here. Compare the noun in Galatians 1:13 , Galatians 1:14 .

Verse 15

sinners . Greek. hamartools . Compare App-128 and Matthew 9:10 .

Verse 16

Knowing. Greek. oida . App-132 .

justified . Greek. dikaioo App-191 .

by . Greek. ek . App-104 .

the. Omit.

but by = except (Greek. ean me)

by (Greek. dia App-104 ).

faith . Greek. pistis . App-150 .

Jesus Christ . App-98 .

even we = we also.

have . Omit.

believed . Greek. pisteuo App-150 .

Christ . App-98 .

no flesh . Literally not (Greek. ou) all flesh. A Hebraism.

Verse 17

by = in. Greek. en . App-104 .

minister . Greek. diakonos . App-190 .

sin . Greek. hamartia . App-128 .

God forbid . See Luke 20:16 . Romans 3:4 .

Verse 18

make = prove.

transgressor . Greek. parabates . App-128 . There is an ellipsis here. Read "to have been a transgressor", i.e. in destroying.

Verse 19

through . Greek. dia . App-104 .

am dead = died.

Verse 20

am = have been.

crucified with . Greek. sustauroo See John 19:32 and Romans 6:6 .

not = no longer.

life . . . flesh. Compare 1 Corinthians 15:45 .

Son of God . App-98 .

loved. Greek. agapao. App-135 .

gave = gave up, as John 19:30 .

for . Greek. huper . App-104 .

Verse 21

frustrate . Greek. atheteo See Galatians 3:15 and John 12:48 .

righteousness. Greek. dikaiosune . App-191 .

by = through, as Galatians 2:19 .

is dead = died.

in vain . i.e. uselessly. Greek. dorean . See John 15:25 ,

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Galatians 2". "Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/bul/galatians-2.html. 1909-1922.