corner graphic   Hi,    
Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Go to

Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes
Galatians 4



Other Authors
Verse 1

as long = for (Greek. epi. App-104.) such time. child. Greek. nepios. App-108.

nothing. Greek. oudeis.

servant. Greek. doulos. App-190.

lord = owner. Greek. kurios. App-98.

Verse 2

under. Greek. hupo. App-104.

tutors. Greek. epitropos. Elsewhere, Matthew 20:8. Luke 8:3 (steward).

governors. Greek. oikonomos. See Luke 16:1 (steward).

time appointed. Greek. prothesmios. Only here. An adjective in feminine agreeing with "day" (understood).

Verse 3

Even so we = So we also.

in bondage = enslaved. Greek. douloo App-190.

elements = elementary rules. Greek. stoicheion. Here, Galatians 4:9. Colossians 2:8, Colossians 2:20. Hebrews 5:12. 2 Peter 3:10, 2 Peter 3:12. Compare Romans 2:14, Romans 2:15.

world. Greek. kosmos. App-129.

Verse 4

fulness. Greek. pleroma. " First occurance: Matthew 9:16.

was come = came.

God. App-98.

sent forth. Greek. exapostello App-174.

Son. Greek. huios App-108.

made. See John 1:14

of. Greek. ek. App-104.

the. Omit.

Verse 5

To = In order that (Greek. hina) He might.

redeem. Greek. exagorazo See Galatians 3:13.

that. Greek. hina., as above.

receive = receive in full. Greek. apolambano. See Romans 1:27.

adoption of sons = sonship. Greek. huiothesia. See Romans 8:15.

Verse 6

sons. App-108. By begetting from above. Compare James 1:18.

hath. Omit,

Spirit. App-101.

into. Greek. eis. App-104.

your. The texts read "our".

Abba. See App-94.:1.

Father. App-98.

Verse 7

no more = no longer. Greek. ouketi,

if. App-118.

then an heir = an heir also.

of God through Christ. The texts read "through God".

through. Greek. dia App-104. Galatians 4:1.

Verse 8

knew. Greek. oida, App-132.

not. Greek. ou. App-105.

did service. Greek. douleuo. App-190. Compare Galatians 4:3.

unto = to.

no = not. Greek. me. App-105.

gods. App-98,

Verse 9

after, &c. = having come to know.

known. Greek. ginosko App-132.

of. Greek. hupo. App-104.

to. Greek. epi. App-104.

beggarly, Greek. ptochoe. App-127.

whereunto = to which.

desire. Greek. thelo. App-102.

again. Greek. palin anothen. This is emph. For anothen see Luke 1:3. The Revised Version reads "over again".

be in bondage. Greek. donleuo, as Galatians 4:8.

Verse 10

observe. Greek. paratereo. See Acts 9:24. Compare Colossians 2:16.

Verse 11

lost = lest by any means. Greek. me pos.

bestowed, &c, Compare Romans 16:6.

upon. Greek. eis, App-104.

in vain. See Galatians 3:4,

Verse 12

beseech. Greek. deomai. App-134.

be = become.

for I, &c. Read, for I (was) as ye (are).

have. Omit.

not . . . at all = (in) nothing Greek. oudeis

injured = wronged. Greek. adikeo. See Acts 7:24.

Verse 13

through = on account of. Greek. dia App-104. Galatians 4:2.

preached, &c. Greek. evangelizo. App-121.

at the first = before. Compare 2 Corinthians 12:7.

Verse 14

my. The texts read "your". The malady (2 Corinthians 12:7) which led to his presence among them was a teat to them, a temptation to reject him and his message.

in. Greek. en. App-104.

despised. Greek. exoutheneo. See Acts 4:11.

nor. Greek. oude.

rejected. Literally spat out. Greek. ekptuo. Only here

Christ Jesus. App-98.

Verse 15

the blessedness, &c. = your blessedness. Greek. makarismos. See Romans 4:6.

plucked out. Literally dug out. Greek. exorusso Here and Mark 2:4,

Verse 16

because, &c. = dealing truly with. Greek. aletheuv, Here and Ephesians 4:15. Compare App-175.

Verse 17

zealously affect. Greek. zelov, to be zealous, either for good or for bad.

would = wish to. App-102.,

exclude. Greek. ekkleiv, See Romans 3:27.

affect. Greek. zelov, as above.

Verse 18

not. Gr, me App-105.

when . . . present, Literally in (Gr, en) my being present.

with. Gr, pros. App-104.

Verse 19

little children. Greek. teknion. App-108. Only occurance: by Paul. Compare 1 John 2:1, &c.

travail, &c. Greek. Odino. Here, Galatians 4:27. Revelation 12:2,

Christ. App-98.

formed. Greek. morphoomai. Only here.

Verse 20

change, Greek. allassv. See Acts 6:14.

voice = tone,

for = because.

stand in doubt. Greek. aporeomai. See Acts 25:20.

of. Greek. en. App-104.

Verse 22

by. Greek. ek. Same as "of", Galatians 4:4.

bondmaid. Greek. paidiske, as verses: Galatians 4:23, Galatians 4:30, Galatians 4:31, Elsewhere translated "maid "or damsel",

the other = and one.

Verse 23

born = begotten. Greek. gennao

after = according to. Greek. kata. App-104.

by. Greek. dia. App-104. Galatians 4:1.

promise. See Luke 24:49,

Verse 24

an allegory. Literally allegorized. Greek. allegereo. Only here. Compare: 1 Corinthians 10:11

these. Supply the Ellipsis by "two women are, i.e. represent. Figure of speech Metaphor, App-6. Compare John 6:35; John 10:9.

covenants. Greek. diatheke. Seo Matthew 26:28.

the one = one indeed.

from. Greek. apo. App-104.

Sinai. See Exodus 16:1.

gendereth = heareth children. Greek. gennao, as Galatians 4:23.

to. Greek. eis, as: Galatians 4:6, Galatians 4:11.

bondage. Greek. douleia, App-190.

Agar = Hagar. In Arabic, Hagar (a stone) is a name for Mt. Sinai.

Verse 25

is. i.e. represents.

answereth to = stands in same rank with. Greek. sustoicheo. Only here. Compare Galatians 5:25.

is in bondage = serves. Greek. douleuo. App-190.

with. Greek. meta. App-104,

children. Greek. teknon. App-108.

Verse 26

above. Greek. ano See John 8:23.

all. The texts omit.

Verse 27

the desolate, &c. = many are the children of the desolate rather than of her that hath the husband. Quoted from Isaiah 54:1.

husband. Greek. aner, App-123.

Verse 28

as Isaac was = according to (Greek. kata, as Galatians 4:23)

Isaac, i.e. after the type of Isaac. Compare Romans 4:19,

Verse 29

even so it is now = so it is now also.

Verse 30

Cast out. Greek. ekballo. App-174.

not = by no means. Greek. ou me. App-105.

be heir = inherit. Greek. kleronomeo. See 1 Corinthians 6:9, Quoted from Genesis 21:10.

Verse 31

So then. Tho texts read, "Wherefore. "


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Galatians 4:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". 1909-1922.

Lectionary Calendar
Friday, June 5th, 2020
the Week of Proper 4 / Ordinary 9
Commentary Navigator
Search This Commentary
Enter query in the box below
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology