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Though he be lord of all; though he is to inherit all.
The elements of the world. The Jewish institutions are obviously intended by this expression; but why they are, so designated is not very clear.
The fulness of the time; the full time predicted.--Made under the law; born a. Jew, and consequently under the Mosaic institutions.
To redeem them, &c.; thus showing that they owe their redemption not to their Judaism, but to their Christianity.
The apostle here appears to address the Gentile portion of the Galatian churches.--Ye did service unto, ye were in bondage unto.
Ye observe; that is, religiously; depending upon such observances for acceptance with God.
This passage is evidently elliptical, and is considered obscure.
Through infirmity of the flesh; that is, suffering under infirmity of the flesh. (Comp. 2 Corinthians 12:7.)
As Christ Jesus; as clothed with his authority.
They; the false teachers.--Zealously affect you; pretend to be ardently interested in your welfare.--Exclude you; separate you; that is, from me.
Always in a good thing; that is, to adhere firmly and steadily to what is right.--Not only, &c.; referring to what he had said in Galatians 4:15.
Of whom I travail in birth; for whom I feel the deepest solicitude and anxiety.
To change my voice; that is, to administer admonition and reproof to them, which it had not been necessary to do when he was with them before.
A bond-maid; Hagar.
An allegory; that is, may be regarded as such.--These are the two covenants; may be considered as representing the two covenants.
Is Mount Sinai; that is, represents Mount Sinai in this illustration.
Jerusalem which is above; the spiritual Jerusalem; that is, the body of believers under the gospel.
It is written; Isaiah 54:1.
He that was born after the flesh; Ishmael, the son of Hagar.--Him that was born after the Spirit; Isaac.
Cast out, &c The rejection of Hagar thus represents the rejection of the bondage and servitude entailed by the Jewish law.
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Abbott, John S. C. & Abbott, Jacob. "Commentary on Galatians 4". "Abbott's Illustrated New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/
the First Week of Advent