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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes
Hebrews 10

 

 

Verse 1

not, &c. = not itself (emph.)

image. Greek. eikon. See Romans 1:23.

never. Greek. oudepote. See Hebrews 10:11.

year, &c. Greek. kat" eniauton, as Hebrews 9:25.

continually. Greek. eis to dienekes. App-151.

make . . . perfect. Greek. teleioo. App-125.


Verse 2

worshippers. App-190.

once. See Hebrews 6:4.

should = would.

had. Omit.

no. Greek. medeis. Literally not (App-105) one.

conscience of sins. i.e. of unpardoned sins.

conscience. See Hebrews 9:14.

sins. Greek. hamartia. App-128.


Verse 3

remembrance again. Greek. anamnesis. See 1 Corinthians 11:24.

every year. Same as "year by year", Hebrews 10:1.


Verse 4

take away. See Romans 11:27.


Verse 5

world. Greek. kosmos. App-129.

offering. Greek. prosphora. See Acts 21:26.

wouldest. Greek. thelo. App-102. The Hebrew is "demandedst".

body, &c. See Psalms 40:6, Psalms 40:7.

prepared. Greek. katartizo. App-125.

Me = for Me.


Verse 6

burnt offerings = whole burnt offerings. Greek. holokautoma. Here, Hebrews 10:8, and Mark 12:33.

for = concerning. Greek. peri. App-104.

hast, &c. = didst not take pleasure.


Verse 7

Lo = Behold. Greek. idou. App-133.

come = am come.

volume. Greek. kephalis. Only here. Used in the Septuagint of a roll. Psalms 40:7. Ezra 6:2; &c. From the head (Greek. kephale) of the wooden roller on which the scroll was rolled.

of = concerning. Greek. peri, as above.

will. Greek. thelema. App-102.

God. App-98. This quotation is from Psa 40


Verse 8

Sacrifice, offering. The Greek words are in plural

by. See Hebrews 9:19.


Verse 9

O God. The texts omit.

that = in order that. Greek. hina


Verse 10

By = In, as Hebrews 10:3.

are = have been.

through. Greek. dia. App-104. Hebrews 10:1.

Jesus Christ. App-98.

once for all. Greek. ephapax. See Hebrews 7:27.


Verse 11

daily. Greek. kath" (App-104.) hemeran.

ministering. Greek. leitourgeo App-190.

take away. Greek. periaireo. See Acts 27:20.


Verse 12

Man = Priest.

after He had = having.

for ever = continually. App-151. Compare Hebrews 10:1. In Authorized Version from 1611 to 1630 the comma was placed after "ever". But in 1638 it was removed to after "sins", thus going back to the punctuation of the Bishops" Bible of 1568. The Greek expression is not the usual one, eis ton aiona, but as verses: Hebrews 10:1, Hebrews 10:14, Hebrews 10:3 eis to dienekes (App-151. H), and means "continually", in distinction from "interruptedly". It is not concerned with the offering of sacrifice, but with His having sat down. So that it does not contradict Hebrews 9:28.

on. Greek. en. App-104.


Verse 13

expecting. Greek. ekdechomai. See Acts 17:16. Compare Hebrews 9:28.

His footstool = footstool of His feet. The seventh reference to Psalms 110:1 in the NT See Hebrews 1:13.


Verse 15

Holy Ghost. App-101.

is, &c. = beareth witness. Greek. martureo. See p. 1511.

after. Greek. meta. App-104.

that He had = having.


Verse 16

covenant. See Hebrews 8:6.

make. Greek. diatithemi. See Hebrews 8:10.

LORD. App-98.

I will put = giving.

into = upon. Greek. epi. App-104.

in = upon, as above.

write. See Hebrews 8:10.


Verse 17

iniquities. Greek. anomia. App-128.

no more = by no means (Greek. ou me. App-105) any more (Greek. eti).


Verse 18

no more = no longer. Greek. ouketi. The argument of the Priesthood of Christ, begun in Hebrews 5:1, here triumphantly concluded.


Verse 19

boldness. Greek. parrhesia. See Hebrews 3:6.

to enter = for (Greek. eis) the entering (Greek. eisodos. Acts 13:24) of.

the holiest. See Hebrews 8:2. The Heavenly Holiest.

Jesus. App-98.


Verse 20

new = newly slain. Greek. prosphatos. Only here. The adverb Acts 18:2 (lately).

and = and yet.

living way. Figure of speech Idioma. App-6.

hath. Omit.

consecrated. Greek. enkainizo. See Hebrews 9:18.

veil. See Hebrews 6:19.


Verse 21

an High = a Great.

house See Hebrews 3:6.


Verse 22

with. Greek. meta. App-104.

true. Greek. alethinos. App-175.

full assurance. See Hebrews 6:11.

faith. Greek. pistis. App-150.

having, &c. = sprinkled (Hebrews 9:13) as to the hearts.

from. Greek. apo. App-104.

evil. Greek. poneros. App-128.

our bodies, &c. = bathed (Greek. louo. App-136.) as to the body.


Verse 23

hold fast. Greek. katecho. See Hebrews 3:6, Hebrews 3:14.

profession = confession. Greek. homologia. See 2 Corinthians 9:13.

our faith = the hope. Greek. elpis.

without wavering = unwavering. Greek. aklines. Only here. This agrees with "confession".

faithful. Greek. pistos. App-150.


Verse 24

consider. App-133.

to provoke = for (Greek. eis) provoking. Greek. paroxusmos. See Acts 15:30. Compare Acts 17:16.

unto love = of love. App-135.


Verse 25

forsaking. Greek. enkataleipo. See Acts 2:27.

assembling . . . together. Greek. episunagoge. See 2 Thessalonians 2:1.

some. Greek. tines. App-124.

exhorting Greek. parakaleo. App-134.

see. Greek. blepo. App-133.

day. See notes on Isaiah 2:12.

approaching = drawing nigh, as James 5:8.


Verse 26

if, &c. = we sinning. Greek. hamartano. App-128.

wilfully. Greek. hekousios. Only here and 1 Peter 5:2 (willingly). The adjective only in Philemon 1:14. The sin here is the deliberate turning back to Judaism. Compare Hebrews 6:4-6.

that we have = having.

knowledge. Greek. epignosis. App-132.

remaineth. See Hebrews 4:6.

no more = no longer. Greek. ouketi.


Verse 27

certain. Greek. tis. App-123.

fearful. Greek. phoberos. Only here, Hebrews 10:31, and Hebrews 12:21.

looking for. Greek. ekdoche. Only here. Compare Hebrews 10:13.

judgment. See Hebrews 9:27.

fiery indignation = jealousy, or fervour of fire. A Hebraism. See Psalms 79:5. Ezekiel 36:5; Ezekiel 38:19. Zephaniah 1:18; Zephaniah 3:8. Compare Deuteronomy 29:20.

which shall = about to.

adversaries. Greek. hupenantios. Only here and Colossians 2:14.


Verse 28

He, &c. = Any one (Greek. tis) despising (Greek. atheteo, set at nought. See John 12:48).

Moses. See Hebrews 3:2.

died = dieth.

without. See Hebrews 9:7.

mercy. Greek. oiktirmos. See Romans 12:1. The word is in the plural, "mercies", for emphasis. Figure of speech Heterosis (of number), App-6.

under = upon (the testimony of). Greek. epi. App-104.

witnesses. Greek. martus. See John 1:7 & compare p. 1511. Reference to Deuteronomy 17:2-6.


Verse 29

sore = worse, as elsewhere. Greek. cheiron.

punishment. Greek. timoria. Only here.

thought worthy. Greek. axioo. See Hebrews 3:3.

trodden = trampled. Same as Matthew 7:6.

Son of God. App-98.

counted. Greek. hegeomai. See Acts 26:2.

wherewith = with (Greek. en. App-104.) which.

unholy = "unclean", or "valueless". Compare Mark 7:2. Acts 11:8; &c.

done, &c. = insulted. Greek. enubrizo. Only here. Compare Acts 14:5.

grace. Greek. charis. App-184. This expression only here.


Verse 30

know. Greek. oida. App-132.

hath. Omit.

Vengeance. Greek. ekdikesis. See Acts 7:24.

unto = to.

judge. Greek. krino. App-122. These quotations are from Deuteronomy 32:35, Deuteronomy 32:36. Compare Romans 12:19.


Verse 31

living God. See Hebrews 3:12.


Verse 32

call to remembrance = keep ever in mind. Greek. anamimnesko. See 1 Corinthians 4:17.

after ye were = having been.

illuminated. Greek. Photizo. See Hebrews 6:4 and compare App-130.

endured. Greek. hupomeno. Same word in Hebrews 12:2, Hebrews 12:3, Hebrews 12:7.

fight. Greek. athlesis. Only here.

afflictions. Greek. pathema, as Romans 8:18.


Verse 33

Partly. Add "indeed".

whilst, &c. = being.

made a gazingstock. Greek. theatrizomai. Only here. Compare 1 Corinthians 4:9 and App-133.

reproaches. Greek. oneidismos. See Romans 15:3.

afflictions. Greek. thlipsis. See Acts 14:22.

companions. Greek. koinonos. See 2 Corinthians 1:7.

were . . . used = were thus living. Greek. anastrepho. See 2 Corinthians 1:12.


Verse 34

had compassion of = sympathized with. Greek. sumpatheo. See Hebrews 4:15.

of me, &c. The texts read "of prisoners". Greek. desmios instead of desmios.

joyfully = with (Greek. meta. App-104.) joy.

spoiling. Greek. harpage. Only here, Matthew 23:25 (extortion). Luke 11:39 (ravening).

knowing. Greek. ginosko. App-132.

in. Omit. in heaven. The texts omit.

enduring. Greek. meno. See p. 1511.

substance. Greek. huparxis. See Acts 2:46. This verse contains an example of Figure of speech Paregmenon (App-6).


Verse 35

Cast . . . away. Greek. apoballo. Only here and Mark 10:50.

confidence. Same as "boldness", Hebrews 10:19.

recompence, &c. Greek. misthapodosia. See Hebrews 2:2.


Verse 36

patience. See Luke 8:15.

after ye have = having.

might = may.

promise. See Hebrews 4:1.


Verse 37

a little while. Greek. mikron hoson hoson = a very, very little while. See Isaiah 26:20 (Septuagint)

He That shall come = the Coming One. Compare Daniel 7:13, Daniel 7:14. Matthew 11:3. Luke 7:19.

tarry. Greek. chronizo. Only here and Matthew 24:48; Matthew 25:5. Luke 1:21; Luke 12:45.


Verse 38

just. Greek. dikaios. App-191. The third time of quoting Habakkuk 2:4. See Romans 1:17.

if. Greek. ean. App-118.

drawback. Greek. hupostello. See Galatians 1:2, Galatians 1:12.

soul. App-110.


Verse 39

them who draw back = the drawing back. Greek. hupostole. Only here.

unto. Greek. eis. App-104.

perdition. Greek. apoleia. See John 17:12.

them that believe = of faith, Hebrews 10:38.

saving. Greek. peripoiesis. See Ephesians 1:14.

soul. App-110.

 


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Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/hebrews-10.html. 1909-1922.

Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, June 26th, 2019
the Week of Proper 7 / Ordinary 12
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