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Bible Commentaries

Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Hebrews 9

Verse 1

Then verily . . . also = Now even.

covenant . No Greek. word. The ellipsis is rightly supplied by " covenant ".

ordinances . Greek. dikaioma. App-191 .

divine service . Greek. latreia. App-190 .

worldly = earthly. Greek. kosmikos. See Titus 2:12 .

sanctuary . See Hebrews 8:2 . Read "the sanctuary, an earthly one".

Verse 2

tabernacle. Greek. skene, tent, which is used by the Septuagint to render the Hebrew mishkan (the structure) and 'ohel (the tent which covered it). Compare Exo 17:19 , Exo 17:21 .

made = prepared.

wherein = in (Greek. en . App-104 .) which.

candlestick = lampstand. Exodus 25:31-40 . According to Josephus, only one in Herod's Temple. Ten in Solomon's; see 1 Kings 7:49 .

table . Exodus 25:23-30 .

shewbread . Literally the setting forth of the loaves. Exodus 25:30 .

Verse 3

after = behind. Greek. meta. App-104 .

veil . See Hebrews 6:19 .

Holiest of all = Holy of Holies.

Verse 4

censer . Greek. thumiaterion. Only here.

ark . See Exodus 25:10-22 .

covenant . See Hebrews 8:6 . Exodus 25:10-22 .

pot . Gr . stamnos. Only here. See Exodus 16:32-34 .

budded . Greek. blastano. Here; Matthew 13:26 . Mark 4:27 . James 5:18 . See Numbers 17:8 . tables. Greek. plax . Only here and 2 Corinthians 3:3 . See Exodus 25:16 .

Verse 5

cherubims = cherubim. Only here in NT, but see Revelation 4:6 .

glory . See p. 1511.

shadowing = overshadowing. Greek. kataskiazo. Only here.

mercyseat . Greek. hilasterion. See Romans 3:25 and Exodus 25:17 .

of = concerning. Greek. peri . App-104 .

we . . . speak . Literally it is not ( App-105 ) now to speak.

particularly = in detail. Greek. kata ( App-104 ) meros (part).

Verse 6

when, &c . = these things having been thus prepared.

went = go.

always . Greek. diapantos.

accomplishing . Greek. epiteleo. App-125 .

service . As Hebrews 9:1 .

of God . Omit.

Verse 7

second . i.e. the Holy of Holies.

once . Greek. hapax. See Hebrews 6:4 .

every . Literally "of the".

without = apart from. Greek. choris.

for . Greek. huper. App-104 .

errors = ignorances. Greek. agnoema . Only here. See Leviticus 4:2 .

people . Greek. laos. See Acts 2:47 .

Verse 8

Holy Ghost . App-101 .

signifying . Greek. deloo. See 1 Corinthians 1:11 .

way, &c . Literally "the way of the Holy ( pla c e s)".

Holiest . Literally "holies".

of all . Omit.

not yet . Greek. mepo .

made manifest. Greek. phaneroo. App-106 .

while as, &c . Read "while the first tabernacle is as yet standing".

Verse 9

was = is.

figure . Greek. parabole. Here and Hebrews 11:19 translated "figure". Elsewhere in the Gospels always "parable", save Mark 4:30 . Luke 4:23 .

for . Greek. eis . App-104 .

time . See App-195 .

then . Omit.

in = according to. Greek. kata. App-104 .

were = are. The Temple ritual still continuing.

make . . . perfect. Greek. teleioo. App-125 .

did the service = serves. Greek. latreuo. See Hebrews 8:5 .

as pertaining to . Greek. kata, as above.

the . Omit.

conscience . See Acts 23:1 .

Verse 10

in = upon. Greek. epi . App-104 .

washings . Greek. baptismos. App-115 .

Carnal, &c . i.e. rites and ceremonies. Compare Acts 15:10 .

imposed on . Greek. epikeimai. See Luke 23:23 .

reformation . Greek. diorthosis . Only here. In this verse is the Figure of speech Antimereia ( App-6 ).

Verse 11

Christ . App-98 .

being = having.

an . Omit.

good = the good.

a = the

perfect . Greek. teleios . App-125 .

made, &c . Greek. cheiropoietos . See Acts 7:48 .

building = creation.

Verse 12

Neither . Greek. oude.

once . Greek. ephapax. See Hebrews 7:27 .

obtained = found, as in Hebrews 4:16 (find).

eternal . App-151 .

redemption . Greek. lutrosis. Only here and Luke 1:68 ; Luke 2:38 .

Verse 13

if . Greek. ei . App-118 .

bulls, &c . See Leviticus 16:0 .

ashes, &c . See Numbers 19:2-20 .

sprinkling . Greek. rhantizo. See App-136 .

purifying . Greek. katharotes. Only here.

Verse 14

Spirit . Same as Hebrews 9:8 .

offered . Observe, not sacrificed.

without spot . Greek. amomos. See Ephesians 1:4 .

God . App-98 .

from . Greek. apo. App-104 .

dead works . See Hebrews 6:1 .

serve . See Hebrews 9:9 (did the service).

Verse 15

for this cause = on account of (Greek. dia) this.

Mediator . See Hebrews 8:6 .

the = a.

new . See Hebrews 8:8 .

testament = covenant, as in Hebrews 9:4 .

by means, &c . Literally death having taken place.

redemption . Greek. apolutrosis. See Romans 3:24 . Compare Hebrews 9:12

transgressions . Greek. parabasis. See Hebrews 2:2 . Compare App-128 .

under = upon (based upon). Greek. epi . App-104 .

promise, &c . = the promised eternal inheritance. Figure of speech Hypallage. App-6 .

inheritance . Compare 1 Peter 1:4 .

Verse 16

there must, &c . = it is necessary that the death . . . be brought in.

testator = appointed (victim). Greek. diatithemi. See Hebrews 8:10 .

Verse 17

of force = sure. Greek. bebaios. See Hebrews 6:19 .

after, &c . = over (Greek. epi) the dead (victims). See Genesis 15:9-18 . Jeremiah 34:18 .

no . . . at all . Greek. me pote.

strength . Greek. ischuo. Compare App-172 . The two covenants referred to above show the necessity of a victim being slain for the validity of a covenant, and the ceremony of passing between the parts thereof. To the unconditional covenant with Abraham, Jehovah was the only party (Genesis 15:17 , Genesis 15:18 ); in the other, note verses: Heb 18:19 . The passage here has nothing to do with a "will" or "will-making".

Verse 18

Whereupon, &c . = Wherefore not even.

dedicated = inaugurated. Greek. erikainizo. Only here and Hebrews 10:20 . Compare John 10:22 .

Verse 19

when, &c . Literally every command having been spoken (Greek. laleo . App-121 .) by (Greek. hupo) Moses. See Hebrews 3:2 .

according to . Greek. kata. App-104 .

the = Omit.

scarlet . Greek. kokkinos Only here; Matthew 27:28 . Revelation 17:3 , Revelation 17:4 ; Revelation 18:12 , Revelation 18:16 .

wool . Greek. erion . Only here and Revelation 1:14 .

hyssop . Greek. hussopos . Only here and John 19:29 .

book . See Exodus 24:7 .

Verse 20

This, &c . Quoted from Exodus 24:8 .

enjoined = commanded.

Verse 21

ministry . Greek. leitourgia. See Hebrews 8:6 .

Verse 22

almost . Greek. schedon. See Acts 13:44 .

by = according to. Greek. kata. App-104 .

with = in. Greek. en. App-104 .

shedding, &c Greek. haimatekchusia. Only here.

is . Greek. ginomai, to become.

no = not. App-105 .

Verse 23

patterns . Here = copies; "example" in Hebrews 8:5 .

the heavens. See Matthew 6:9 , Matthew 6:10 .

heavenly . See Hebrews 3:1 .

better sacrifices . i.e. one greater and better sacrifice. Figure of speech Heterosis. App-6 . Compare Psalms 51:17 .

Verse 24

figures . Greek. antitupon. Only here and 1 Peter 3:21 .

true Greek. alethinos. See Hebrews 8:2 .

appear . Greek. emphanizo. App-106 .

Verse 25

Nor yet . Greek. oude.

that = in order that. Greek. hina .

every year . Greek. kat ' ( App-104 .) eniauton. On the Day of Atonement.

of others . App-124 .

Verse 26

since = from. Greek. apo. App-104 .

foundation, &c . See Hebrews 4:3 .

end . Greek. sunteleia. See Matthew 13:39 .

world = ages. Plural of Greek. aion . App-129 .

appeared . Same as "made manifest", Hebrews 9:8 .

to put away = for (Greek. eis) putting away (Greek. athetesis . See Hebrews 7:18 ).

sin . App-128 .

Verse 27

as = inasmuch as. Greek. kath' ( App-104 .) hoson.

appointed . Greek. apokeimai. See Colossians 1:5 .

unto = to.

men . App-123 .

judgment . Greek. krisis. App-177 .

Verse 28

bear . Greek. anaphero. See Hebrews 7:27 .

look . Greek. apekdechomai. See Romans 8:19 .

appear . Greek. horao. App-133 .

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Hebrews 9". "Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/bul/hebrews-9.html. 1909-1922.