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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes
Hebrews 9

 

 

Other Authors
Verse 1

Then verily . . . also = Now even.

covenant. No Greek. word. The ellipsis is rightly supplied by "covenant".

ordinances. Greek. dikaioma. App-191.

divine service. Greek. latreia. App-190.

worldly = earthly. Greek. kosmikos. See Titus 2:12.

sanctuary. See Hebrews 8:2. Read "the sanctuary, an earthly one".


Verse 2

tabernacle. Greek. skene, tent, which is used by the Septuagint to render the Hebrew mishkan (the structure) and "ohel (the tent which covered it). Compare Exodus 17:19, Exodus 17:21.

made = prepared.

wherein = in (Greek. en. App-104.) which.

candlestick = lampstand. Exodus 25:31-40. According to Josephus, only one in Herod"s Temple. Ten in Solomon"s; see 1 Kings 7:49.

table. Exodus 25:23-30.

shewbread. Literally the setting forth of the loaves. Exodus 25:30.


Verse 3

after = behind. Greek. meta. App-104.

veil. See Hebrews 6:19.

Holiest of all = Holy of Holies.


Verse 4

censer. Greek. thumiaterion. Only here.

ark. See Exodus 25:10-22.

covenant. See Hebrews 8:6. Exodus 25:10-22.

pot. Gr. stamnos. Only here. See Exodus 16:32-34.

budded. Greek. blastano. Here; Matthew 13:26. Mark 4:27. James 5:18. See Numbers 17:8. tables. Greek. plax. Only here and 2 Corinthians 3:3. See Exodus 25:16.


Verse 5

cherubims = cherubim. Only here in NT, but see Revelation 4:6.

glory. See p. 1511.

shadowing = overshadowing. Greek. kataskiazo. Only here.

mercyseat. Greek. hilasterion. See Romans 3:25 and Exodus 25:17.

of = concerning. Greek. peri. App-104.

we . . . speak. Literally it is not (App-105) now to speak.

particularly = in detail. Greek. kata (App-104) meros (part).


Verse 6

when, &c. = these things having been thus prepared.

went = go.

always. Greek. diapantos.

accomplishing. Greek. epiteleo. App-125.

service. As Hebrews 9:1.

of God. Omit.


Verse 7

second. i.e. the Holy of Holies.

once. Greek. hapax. See Hebrews 6:4.

every. Literally "of the".

without = apart from. Greek. choris.

for. Greek. huper. App-104.

errors = ignorances. Greek. agnoema. Only here. See Leviticus 4:2.

people. Greek. laos. See Acts 2:47.


Verse 8

Holy Ghost. App-101.

signifying. Greek. deloo. See 1 Corinthians 1:11.

way, &c. Literally "the way of the Holy (places)".

Holiest. Literally "holies".

of all. Omit.

not yet. Greek. mepo.

made manifest. Greek. phaneroo. App-106.

while as, &c. Read "while the first tabernacle is as yet standing".


Verse 9

was = is.

figure. Greek. parabole. Here and Hebrews 11:19 translated "figure". Elsewhere in the Gospels always "parable", save Mark 4:30. Luke 4:23.

for. Greek. eis. App-104.

time. See App-195.

then. Omit.

in = according to. Greek. kata. App-104.

were = are. The Temple ritual still continuing.

make . . . perfect. Greek. teleioo. App-125.

did the service = serves. Greek. latreuo. See Hebrews 8:5.

as pertaining to. Greek. kata, as above.

the. Omit.

conscience. See Acts 23:1.


Verse 10

in = upon. Greek. epi. App-104.

washings. Greek. baptismos. App-115.

Carnal, &c. i.e. rites and ceremonies. Compare Acts 15:10.

imposed on. Greek. epikeimai. See Luke 23:23.

reformation. Greek. diorthosis. Only here. In this verse is the Figure of speech Antimereia (App-6).


Verse 11

Christ. App-98.

being = having.

an. Omit.

good = the good.

a = the

perfect. Greek. teleios. App-125.

made, &c. Greek. cheiropoietos. See Acts 7:48.

building = creation.


Verse 12

Neither. Greek. oude.

once. Greek. ephapax. See Hebrews 7:27.

obtained = found, as in Hebrews 4:16 (find).

eternal. App-151.

redemption. Greek. lutrosis. Only here and Luke 1:68; Luke 2:38.


Verse 13

if. Greek. ei. App-118.

bulls, &c. See Lev 16.

ashes, &c. See Numbers 19:2-20.

sprinkling. Greek. rhantizo. See App-136.

purifying. Greek. katharotes. Only here.


Verse 14

Spirit. Same as Hebrews 9:8.

offered. Observe, not sacrificed.

without spot. Greek. amomos. See Ephesians 1:4.

God. App-98.

from. Greek. apo. App-104.

dead works. See Hebrews 6:1.

serve. See Hebrews 9:9 (did the service).


Verse 15

for this cause = on account of (Greek. dia) this.

Mediator. See Hebrews 8:6.

the = a.

new. See Hebrews 8:8.

testament = covenant, as in Hebrews 9:4.

by means, &c. Literally death having taken place.

redemption. Greek. apolutrosis. See Romans 3:24. Compare Hebrews 9:12

transgressions. Greek. parabasis. See Hebrews 2:2. Compare App-128.

under = upon (based upon). Greek. epi. App-104.

promise, &c. = the promised eternal inheritance. Figure of speech Hypallage. App-6.

inheritance. Compare 1 Peter 1:4.


Verse 16

there must, &c. = it is necessary that the death . . . be brought in.

testator = appointed (victim). Greek. diatithemi. See Hebrews 8:10.


Verse 17

of force = sure. Greek. bebaios. See Hebrews 6:19.

after, &c. = over (Greek. epi) the dead (victims). See Genesis 15:9-18. Jeremiah 34:18.

no . . . at all. Greek. me pote.

strength. Greek. ischuo. Compare App-172. The two covenants referred to above show the necessity of a victim being slain for the validity of a covenant, and the ceremony of passing between the parts thereof. To the unconditional covenant with Abraham, Jehovah was the only party (Genesis 15:17, Genesis 15:18); in the other, note verses: Hebrews 18:19. The passage here has nothing to do with a "will" or "will-making".


Verse 18

Whereupon, &c. = Wherefore not even.

dedicated = inaugurated. Greek. erikainizo. Only here and Hebrews 10:20. Compare John 10:22.


Verse 19

when, &c. Literally every command having been spoken (Greek. laleo. App-121.) by (Greek. hupo) Moses. See Hebrews 3:2.

according to. Greek. kata. App-104.

the = Omit.

scarlet. Greek. kokkinos Only here; Matthew 27:28. Revelation 17:3, Revelation 17:4; Revelation 18:12, Revelation 18:16.

wool. Greek. erion. Only here and Revelation 1:14.

hyssop. Greek. hussopos. Only here and John 19:29.

book. See Exodus 24:7.


Verse 20

This, &c. Quoted from Exodus 24:8.

enjoined = commanded.


Verse 21

ministry. Greek. leitourgia. See Hebrews 8:6.


Verse 22

almost. Greek. schedon. See Acts 13:44.

by = according to. Greek. kata. App-104.

with = in. Greek. en. App-104.

shedding, &c Greek. haimatekchusia. Only here.

is. Greek. ginomai, to become.

no = not. App-105.


Verse 23

patterns. Here = copies; "example" in Hebrews 8:5.

the heavens. See Matthew 6:9, Matthew 6:10.

heavenly. See Hebrews 3:1.

better sacrifices. i.e. one greater and better sacrifice. Figure of speech Heterosis. App-6. Compare Psalms 51:17.


Verse 24

figures. Greek. antitupon. Only here and 1 Peter 3:21.

true Greek. alethinos. See Hebrews 8:2.

appear. Greek. emphanizo. App-106.


Verse 25

Nor yet. Greek. oude.

that = in order that. Greek. hina.

every year. Greek. kat" (App-104.) eniauton. On the Day of Atonement.

of others. App-124.


Verse 26

since = from. Greek. apo. App-104.

foundation, &c. See Hebrews 4:3.

end. Greek. sunteleia. See Matthew 13:39.

world = ages. Plural of Greek. aion. App-129.

appeared. Same as "made manifest", Hebrews 9:8.

to put away = for (Greek. eis) putting away (Greek. athetesis. See Hebrews 7:18).

sin. App-128.


Verse 27

as = inasmuch as. Greek. kath" (App-104.) hoson.

appointed. Greek. apokeimai. See Colossians 1:5.

unto = to.

men. App-123.

judgment. Greek. krisis. App-177.


Verse 28

bear. Greek. anaphero. See Hebrews 7:27.

look. Greek. apekdechomai. See Romans 8:19.

appear. Greek. horao. App-133.

 


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Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Hebrews 9:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/hebrews-9.html. 1909-1922.

Lectionary Calendar
Friday, November 22nd, 2019
the Week of Proper 28 / Ordinary 33
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