corner graphic   Hi,    
Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Go to

Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes
Isaiah 31



Verse 1

Woe. The fourth of the six woes.

down. It is always "down" to Egypt, geographically and morally.

trust = confide. Hebrew. batah. App-69.

the Holy One of Israel. See note on Isaiah 1:4. Psalms 71:22.

neither seek the LORD. Compare Isaiah 30:2. Reference to Pentateuch (Deuteronomy 17:16). App-92.

the LORD. Hebrew. Jehovah.(with "eth). App-4.

Verse 2

evil. evildoers. Hebrew. ra"a". App-44.

iniquity. Hebrew. "aven. App-44.

Verse 3

men, and not GOD. Figure of speech Pleonasm. The statement put two ways for great emphasis (positive and negative).

men. Hebrew. "ddam. App-14.

GOD. Hebrew El = the mighty God. App-4.

flesh, and not spirit. Figure of speech Pleonasm. See above.

spirit. Hebrew. ruach. App-9.

Verse 4

prey = live prey.

multitude = crowd.

the LORD of hosts. See note on Isaiah 1:9 and 1 Samuel 1:3.

for: or, over.

Verse 5

As birds flying. As birds hovering [covering and protecting their nest with their wings], so will, &c. The Figure of speech Ellipsis is to be thus supplied. Reference to Pentateuch (Deuteronomy 32:11). App-92.

defend = shield. The verb is found only in Isaiah"s utterances (2 Kings 19:34, 2 Kings 20:6. 2 Kings 31:5; 2 Kings 37:35; 2 Kings 38:6; and Zechariah 9:15; Zechariah 12:8.

defending, &c. = shielding. Only used of God. Only here, 2 Kings 19:34; 2 Kings 20:6. Literally "[then there will be] a shielding, and He will rescue; a passing over [as in Egypt at the Passover], and he will cause to escape. "

passing over. Reference to Pentateuch (Ex. Isaiah 12:13, Isaiah 12:23, Isaiah 12:27). App-92. This word is nowhere else used in this sense.

Verse 6

Turn = Return.

children = sons.

Verse 7

every man. Hebrew. "Ish. App-14.

idols = nothings.

Verse 8

mighty man. Hebrew. "ish. App-14.

mean man. Hebrew. "adam. App-14.

discomfited = become tributaries.

Verse 9

pass over. Not the same word as in Isaiah 31:5 (which is pasah). Here, Hebrew. "abar, to cross over, or retreat.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Isaiah 31:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". 1909-1922.

Lectionary Calendar
Thursday, May 28th, 2020
the Seventh Week after Easter
Commentary Navigator
Search This Commentary
Enter query in the box below
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology