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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Isaiah

- Isaiah

by E.W. Bullinger

Isa

THE STRUCTURE OF THE BOOK AS A WHOLE.


(
INTROVERSION. )
Isaiah 1:1 THE TITLE.
Isaiah 1:25; Isaiah 1:30. Exhortations:Reprehensory. Prophetic.
. The VOICE From The TEMPLE. The SCATTERING.
Isaiah 7:1 - Isaiah 12:6. HISTORIC. Events and Prohpecies (AHAZ).
Isaiah 13:1 - Isaiah 27:13. BURDENS. Alternated with ISRAEL""S Blessings.
Isaiah 28:1 - Isaiah 35:10. WOES. Alternated with JEHOVAH""S Glories.
Isaiah 36:1 - Isaiah 39:8. HISTORIC. Events and Prophecies (HEZEKIAH).
. The VOICE From the WILDERNESS. The Gathering.
Isaiah 40:12 - Isaiah 66:24. Exhortations; Promissory. Prophetic.


For the Canonical order and place of the Prophets, see Appdx-1, and p. 1207 For the Chronological order of the Prophets, see Appdx-77. For the Inter-relation of the Prophetic Books, see Appdx-78. For the
Formula of Prophetic utterance, see Appdx-82. For the References to the Pentateuch by the Prophets, see Appdx-92. For the Inter-relation of the Minor (or Shorter) Prophets, see p. 1206.

The Structure, above, declares the unity of the book. and effectually disposes of the alleged dual authorship and the hypothetical division of the book by modern critics into two parts:the "former" part being chs. 1-39, the "latter" part chs. 40-66. The "Voice ", in Ch.
, is necessitated in order to complete the "Correspondence" with Isa
; and, if an hypothesis is admitted on the one side, then it must be admitted on the other; and it is hypothetically incredible that this dual reference to the "voice " could have been the outcome of a dual authorship. For other evidences, see Appdx-79, 80, and 82.

The DATE of the book is given as in the days of "Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah". In Ch.
Isaiah 6:1, the prophecy there is given as being "in the year that king Uzziah died".According to Appdx-50, p . 59 (cp. Appdx-77), Uzziah died in 649 B.C.

Historically, Isaiah disappears from view after delivering the great prophecy of the Babylonian Servitude (
and Isaiah 39:1-8) . This was in the year 603 B, c., after Hezekiah""s illness at the close of the siege of Jerusalem by Sennacherib in Hezekiah""s fourteenth year (cp. Appdx-60, p. 60).

We have thus two fixed dates, and between them a period of forty-six years, during which, undoubtedly, "the Word of Jehovah came " through Isaiah, and "God spake" by him.

Though this period was covered and overlapped by the Prophet""s life, it was not the whole of the period covered by the "vision", which goes far beyond the prediction of the Babylonish Captivity. Hezekiah lived for fifteen years after his illness, dying therefore in 588 B. C. Manasseh, his son, born in the third of the fifteen added years, succeeded in the same year (588 B.C.).

How soon after his accession the Manassean persecution began we are not told; but it is highly improbable that a boy of
twelve years would immediately commence the horrible things of which we are told in 2 Kings 21 and 2Ch 33.

The unutterable "religious" practices that lie behind the descriptive words in these chapters point clearly to some four or five years later, when Manasseh would be sixteen or seventeen.

According to Jewish tradition, Isaiah perished in the Manassean persecution; when, it is said, he took refuge inside a hollow mulberry tree, which Manasseh ordered to be sawn through. This may be referred to in
Hebrews 11:37. If we take the fifth year of Manasseh (584 B.C.) as the date of Isaiah""s death (violent or natural, we have no means of determining), then, from the "year that king Uzziah died" (Isaiah 6:1, which forcibly suggests the terminus a quo of the whole book) to this point, we have sixty-five years from the commencement of the " visions" till the supposed date of his death (649-584 B. C. - 65). See Appdx-77.

If Isaiah was about the same age as Samuel, Jeremiah, and Daniel were, at the beginning of their ministries, viz. 16-18, then we may conclude that the length of his life was some 81-83 years.

There is no evidence that "the Word of the LORD came" to Isaiah after the reign of Hezekiah ended in 588 B.C., therefore the whole period covered by "the vision " of Isaiah is
sixty-one years (649-588 = 61). From that year onward till the thirteenth year of Josiah in 518 B.C., there were seventy years during which God did not speak " by the prophets " (588-518 = 70).

The chart of the Prophets (see Appdx-77) shows that ISAIAH
was contemporary with HOSEA from 649-611 B.C. = 38 years; with MICAH from 632-611 B.C. = 21 "; and with NAHUM in the year 603 B. C. = 1 year.

TITLE. Book = Scroll. For its place in the Heb. Canon, see Appdx-1 . For its relation to the other prophets, see Appdx-78.
Isaiah = the salvation of Jehovah. For the occurrences of his name in N.T., see Appdx-79 . I. For quotations in the N.T., see Appdx-80. For the unity of the book as a whole, see the Structure on p. 930, and Appdx-79 .

Isaiah 1:2 - Isaiah 5:30. EXHORTATIONS:REPREHENSORY AND PROPHETIC.
. The Word of Jehovah. "Hear ye!" Zion the vineyard.
. Zion""s future glory.
. The sin of Judah (men). Judgment pronounced.
. The political ruin of Judah.
Isaiah 3:16 - Isaiah 4:1. The sin of Judah (women). Judgment pronounced.
. Zion""s future glory.
. The Song of Jehovah. "Judge ye!" Zion the vineyard.

. THE WORD OF JEHOVAH. "HEAR YE!" ZION THE VINEYARD.
. .. EXPOSTULATION.
Isaiah 1:21. The City.
Isaiah 1:22. Metals. (Fig.)
Isaiah 1:23. Officers. (Lit.)
24. Judgment on the enemies of Jehovah.
Isaiah 1:25. Metals. (Fig.)
Isaiah 1:26 -. Officers. (Lit.)
-
, . The City.
. Judgment on the wicked among Jehovah""s People.

. ..... THE SIN OF JUDAH:(MEN). JUDGMENT PRONOUNCED.
. The sin of Judah. Idols made.
Isaiah 2:10. Threatening.
Isaiah 2:11 -. Abasement of man
-
, . Exaltation of Jehovah. Day of
Isaiah 2:17 -. Abasement of man. the Lord.
-
, Isaiah 2:17. Exaltation of Jehovah.
Isaiah 2:18. The sin of Judah. Idols abolished.
. Threatening.

. . THE POLICTCAL RUIN OF JUDAH.
. Judgment. Prophesied.
. Oppression.
. The ruin of Jerusalem. and Judah.
. Judgment, Threatened.
Isaiah 3:12 -. Oppression.
-
, Isaiah 3:12. The ruin of the People.
. Judgment. Assured.
Isaiah 3:15. Oppression.

Isaiah 3:16 - Isaiah 4:1. . THE SIN OF JUDAH:(WOMEN). JUDGMENT PRONOUNCED.
Isaiah 3:16. Pride. Manifested.
Isaiah 3:17. Threatening. (General.)
. Threatening. (Particular.)
Isaiah 4:1. Pride. Humbled.

....... ZION""S FUTURE GLORY.
Isaiah 4:2. Glory. The Branch, Jehovah.
Isaiah 4:3. Inhabitants of Jerusalem:holy.
Isaiah 4:4. Inhabitants of Jerusalem:cleansed.
. Glory. The marriage canopy.

. ...... THE SONG OF JEHOVAH.
. The Parable of the Vineyard.
. The Parable interpreted.

. .. THE PARABLE OF THE VINEYARD.
. The Vineyard. Jehovah""s care.
. Requital by Vineyard.
Isaiah 5:5. Jehovah""s requital. Externals destroyed.
Isaiah 5:6. Jehovah""s requital. Internals wasted.
Isaiah 5:7 -. The Vineyard. Jehovah""s care.
-
, Isaiah 5:7. Requital by Vineyard.

. ... THE PARABLE INTERPRETED.
Isaiah 5:8. Woe. Crimination. Covetousness.
. Threatening. Desolation.
. Woe. Crimination. Excess.
. Threatening. Captivity.
. Woe. Crimination. Iniquity.
. Threatening. Destruction (Isaiah 5:24-25). Invasion Isaiah 5:26-30.

. .... THREATENING:CAPTIVITY.
. .. THE VOICE FROM THE TEMPLE.
Isaiah 6:1. The Vision.
. The Seraphs.
Isaiah 6:5. The Prophet. (Defiled.)
Isaiah 6:6. A Seraph.
Isaiah 6:7. The Prophet. (Cleansed.)
Isaiah 6:8 -. The Voice. (Particular.)
-
, Isaiah 6:8. The Messenger. "Then said I."
. Answer and Message.
Isaiah 6:11 -. The Messenger. "Then said I."
-
, . Answer and Promise.

Isaiah 7:1 - Isaiah 12:6. ............. HISTORIC EVENTS AND PROPHECIES (AHAZ).
, . Confederacy (Syria and Israel). (Particular.) "It shall not stand" ( v . Isaiah 7:7).
Isaiah 7:10 - Isaiah 8:8. Divine Interposition (Isaiah 7:7; Isaiah 7:10). THE VIRGIN""S SON.
. Confederacy. (General.) "It shall be brought to naught."
Isaiah 7:11 - Isaiah 9:7. Divine Interposition. IMMANUEL.
Isaiah 9:8 - Isaiah 10:32. Confederacy. (Jehovah""s) Particular. "I will punish."
Isaiah 10:33 - Isaiah 12:6. Divine Interposition. THE SON OF DAVID.

Isaiah 7:10 - Isaiah 8:8. ... DIVINE INTERPOSITION. THE VIRGIN""S SON.
, . The Son.
. Assyrian Invasion.
. The Son.
. Assyrian Invasion.


. .. THE SON.
. The Sign offered.
Isaiah 7:12. Ahaz. Refusal of Sign.
. The Sign given.
Isaiah 7:17. Ahaz. Prophecy concerning him.

. ... ASSYRIAN INVASION.
Isaiah 7:18. Fly and Bee.
Isaiah 7:19. Destination.
Isaiah 7:20 -. Rasor.
Isaiah 7:20 -. Destination.
Isaiah 7:21. Cow and Sheep.
Isaiah 7:22. Destination.
. Briers and thorns.
Isaiah 7:25. Destination.

. ...... THE SON.
. The Prophecy.
Isaiah 8:3 -. The Son. Birth.
-
, Isaiah 8:3. The Son. Name.
Isaiah 8:4. The Prophecy.

. .. THE ASSYRIAN INVASION.
. The Land. Its waters refused.
Isaiah 8:7 -. Waters of Assyria. Approach.
-
, Isaiah 8:7. Waters of Assyria. Arrival.
Isaiah 8:8. The Land. Assyrian waters flow.

Isaiah 8:11 - Isaiah 9:7 .. DIVINE INTERPOSITION. IMMANUEL.
. False dependence. Confederacy.
. True dependence. Jehovah.
. The Testimony and the Law.
Isaiah 8:18. Messiah and His children.
Isaiah 8:19 -. False dependence:spirits.
Isaiah 8:19. True dependence. God.
. The Law and the Testimony.
. Messiah. The Son.

Isaiah 9:8 - Isaiah 10:32. .... JEHOVAH""S CONFEDERACY.
Isaiah 9:8 - Isaiah 10:4. Made with Israel""s enemies (in judgment).
. Broken with enemies for Israel""s deliverance (in grace).

Isaiah 9:8 - Isaiah 10:4. .. .JEHOVAH""S COVENANT MADE WITH ISRAEL""S ENEMIES.
. Sin. Self-confidence. Isaiah 9:18 -. Sin. Lawlessness.
-. Threatening. Isaiah 9:18-21. Threatening.
Isaiah 9:12. Anger not turned away. Isaiah 9:21. Anger not turned away.
Isaiah 9:13. Sin. Impenitence. Isaiah 10:1-2. Sin. Haughtiness.
. Threatening. Isaiah 10:3-4. Threatening.
Isaiah 9:17. Anger not turned away. Isaiah 10:4. Anger not turned away.

. ... JEHOVAH""S COVENANT. BROKEN FOR ISRAEL""S DELIVERANCE.
Isaiah 10:33 - Isaiah 12:6. .. DIVINE INTERPOSITION (THE SON OF DAVID.)
. Prophecy of Jehovah""s deliverance.
. The Deliverer. "The Offspring."
. His new Dispensation. (Moral.)
Isaiah 11:10. The Deliverer. "The Root."
. His new Dispensation. (Political.)
. Praise for Jehovah""s deliverance.

. . HIS NEW DISPENSATION. (MORAL.)
Isaiah 11:6 -. Natural enemies, together.
-
, Isaiah 11:6. A child not hurt by them.
Isaiah 11:7. Natural enemies, together.
. A child not hurt by them.

. ... HIS NEW DISPENSATION. (POLITICAL.)
. Return of Remnant from Assyria.
Isaiah 11:13. Result. Adversaries cut off. Internal.
Isaiah 11:14. Result. Enemies submission. External.
Isaiah 11:14. Return of Remnant from Assyria.

Isaiah 13:1 - Isaiah 27:13. ....... BURDENS, AND ISRAEL""S BLESSINGS.
. Burden of Babylon. (People, Land.)
. Israel. Jehovah""s mercy.
. Burden of Babylon. (King.)
. Israel. Jehovah""s deliverance.
Isaiah 15:1 - Isaiah 16:14. Burden. Mohab.
. Burden. Damascus.
. Burden. Ethiopia.
Isaiah 19:1 - Isaiah 20:6 Burden of Egypt.
. Burden. Desert of Sea.
. Burden. Dumah.
. Burden. Arabia.
. Burden of the Valley of Vision.
. Israel. Judgment and Mercy.
. Burden of Tyre.
Isaiah 24:1 - Isaiah 27:13. Israel. Judgment and Mercy.

Isaiah 13:1 - Isaiah 14:32. . BURDEN:BABYLON AND ISRAEL.
. Prophecy. Babylon destruction.
Isaiah 13:6. The day of Jehovah.
. Consequences.
. The day of Jehovah. The
. Consequences. people.
. Depopulation.
. Devastation.
. Prophecy. Israel""s restoration.
. Oppressor ceased.
. Taunt of dead. Fig.
. Oppressor fallen. The
. Taunt of living. King.
. Depopulation.
Isaiah 14:23. Devastation.
. concerning Prophecy. Jehovah""s purpose both:Assyria, Philistia, and Israel.

Isaiah 15:1 - Isaiah 16:14.. . THE BURDEN OF MOAB.
Isaiah 15:1. Past. Devastation of Moab.
. Moab. Cry.
. Reason.
Isaiah 15:8. Moab. Cry.
Isaiah 15:9. Reason.
Isaiah 16:1. Moab. Advice.
Isaiah 16:2. Reason.
-. Moab. Advice.
. Reason.
Isaiah 16:6. Moab. Pride.
. Result.
. Result.
. Moab. Pride.
. The future. Enfeeblement of Moab.

. ..... BURDENS OF DAMASCUS.
Isaiah 17:1. Ruin of Damascus.
. Other cities.
. Diminution.
Isaiah 17:6. The remnant.
. God. Looking unto Him.
Isaiah 17:9 -. The remnant.
-
, Isaiah 17:9. Desolation.
10. God. Not looking unto Him.
Isaiah 17:11. Ruin of Damascus.
Isa
:12-14. Other peoples.

. ..... BURDEN OF ETHIOPIA.
. Israel. Spoiling.
Isaiah 18:3. Zion. Jehovah""s ensign.
Isaiah 18:4. Jehovah""s withdrawal. Cause of recall.
. Jehovah""s act. Cause of spoiling.
Isaiah 18:7 -. Israel. Present to Jehovah.
-
, Isaiah 18:7. Zion. Mount of Jehovah""s name.

Isaiah 19:1 - Isaiah 20:6. ... BURDEN OF EGYPT.
. Confusion. Assyria.
. Desolation.
. The Lord of hosts. The cause.
. Healing.
. Captivity. Assyria.

. .. DESOLATION.
. Waters.
Isaiah 19:7. Vegetation.
Isaiah 19:8. Waters. Fishers in them.
. Vegetation. Workers therein.

. .. THE CAUSE:THE LORD OF HOSTS.
Isaiah 19:11 -. Princes...fools.
-
, . Cause. The Lord of hosts.
. Princes...fools.
. Cause. The Lord of hosts.

. .... HEALING.
Isaiah 19:18. Cities.
. Healing.
Isaiah 19:23. Highway.
. Blessing.

. .. CAPTIVITY. ASSYRIA.
. .. BURDEN OF THE DESERT OF THE SEA. (BABYLON).
-. Vision. Seen and declared.
-
, . The besiegers (Media and Persia). Sent by God.
Isaiah 21:5. The feasting of Babylon. The
. The fall of Babylon. besiege.
Isaiah 21:10 -. The besiegers. Sent by God.
-
, Vision heard and declared.

. .. THE BURDEN OF ARABIA.
. ... THE VALLEY OF VISION. PERSIAN INVASION.
. The besiege. Impious joy.
. Day of trouble. Inflicted.
. The invaders. Persians.
Isaiah 22:12. Day of mourning. Required.
. The besiege. Impious joy.

. . ISRAEL:JUDGMENT AND MERCY.
Isaiah 22:15 -. Jehovah""s word.
-
, . Shebna.
. Eliakim.
Isaiah 22:25 -. Shebna.
-
, Isaiah 22:25. Jehovah""s word.

. ...... .. ELIAKIM.
Isaiah 22:20. Eliakim. Called.
. "I will". Jehovah""s work.
Isaiah 22:24. Eliakim. Established.

. .... BURDEN OF TYRE.
. The former time.
. The latter time.

. ..... THE FORMER TIME.
Isaiah 23:1 -. Howl.
-
, . Reason. Devastation.
Isaiah 23:14 -. Howl.
-
, Isaiah 23:14. Reason. Devastation.

-, . ...... THE REASON. DEVASTATION.
=. Apostrophe to Tarshish and Zidon.
Isaiah 23:5. Cause of sorrow. Report.
. Apostrophe to Tarshish.
Isaiah 23:9. Cause. Jehovah.
. Apostrophe to Tarshish.
Isaiah 23:13. Punishment. Chaldaeans.

. ... THE LATTER TIME.
Isaiah 23:15. Time. Seventy years.
Isaiah 23:16. Rejoicing. Fig. Irony .
Isaiah 23:17 -. Time. Seventy years.
-
, . Restitution. Literal.

Isaiah 24:1 - Isaiah 27:13. . ISRAEL. JUDGMENT AND MERCY.
. Judgment.
Isaiah 25:1 - Isaiah 27:13. Mercy.

. ... .ISRAEL. JUDGMENT.
Isaiah 25:1 - Isaiah 27:13 .. .. MERCY.
. Praise.
. Song in Judah.
Isaiah 27:1. The old serpent punished.
. Song of Israel.
. Acknowledgment.

. ..... .... PRAISE.
Isaiah 25:1. Praise.
. Destruction of enemies.
. Place. This mountain.
Isaiah 25:9. Praise.
Isaiah 25:10 -. Place. This mountain.
-
, . Destruction of enemies.

. ........ SONG IN JUDAH.
. The righteous. Their salvation.
. The wicked. Brought low.
. The righteous. Their way.
. The wicked. Devoured.
. The righteous. Their God.
Isaiah 26:14. The wicked (Rephaim). No resurrection.
-. The righteous nation. Increased. Resurrection.
-
, Isaiah 26:19. The wicked (Rephaim). No resurrection.
Isaiah 26:20. The righteous nation. Preserved.
Isaiah 26:21. The wicked. Destroyed.

.. ACKNOWLEDGMENT.
Isaiah 27:7 Enemies.
. Israel.
. Enemies.
. Israel.

Isaiah 28:1 - Isaiah 35:10. .. WOES. ALTERNATED WITH JEHOVAH""S GLORIES.
. Ephraim (Samaria and Israel).
. Jehovah the Instructor.
. Jerusalem and Lebanon.
. Jehovah the Redeemer.
. The Egyptian league.
. Jehovah the gracious One.
. Apostates.
. Jehovah the righteous King.
. The Assyrian spoiler.
. Jehovah the King in His beauty.
. Gentile nations.
. Jehovah, the King in His glory.

. . EPHRIAM. (SAMARIA AND ISRAEL).
Isaiah 28:1. Ephraim. Pride.
. Jehovah the Instructor.
. Judah. Drink.
Isaiah 28:9. Whom shall He teach.
. Teaching. Mocking.
Isaiah 28:12. Refusal to hear.
Isaiah 28:13. Teaching. Threatening.
. Judah. Scorners.
. Jehovah""s foundation.
. Judah. Scorners.

. JEHOVAH THE INSTRUCTOR.
. Ploughing and sowing.
Isaiah 28:26. Divine instruction.
. Threshing.
Isaiah 28:29. Divine instruction.

. ... JERUSALEM AND LEBANON.
. Woe. Jerusalem.
. Stupefaction.
. Reason.
. Woe. Lebanon.
. Illumination.
. Reason.

. ... JEHOVAH THE REDEEMER.
Isaiah 29:22. The word of Jehovah. Spoken.
Isaiah 29:23 -. The work of Jehovah. Seen.
-
, Isaiah 29:23. The work of Jehovah. Effect.
Isaiah 29:24. The word of Jehovah. Understood.

.. .. THE EGYPTIAN LEAGUE.
. Rebellion against Jehovah.
. Egypt. Disappointment from.
Isaiah 30:6. Property. Removal.
Isaiah 30:7. Reason. Egypt""s help, vain.
. Rebellion against Jehovah.
. Egypt. Destruction of.
Isaiah 30:15. Egypt""s help, vain.
. Persons. Flight.

. . JEHOVAH THE GRACIOUS ONE.
. Blessing for Israel. Spiritual.
Isaiah 30:22. Judgment on idols.
. Blessing for Israel. Temporal.
. Judgment on nations.
Isaiah 30:29. Blessing for Israel. Spiritual.
. Judgment on Assyria.

. .. .. APOSTATES.
Isaiah 31:1 -. Trust in Egypt. Woe.
-
, . Jehovah. Rejection.
Isaiah 31:3 -. Trust in Egypt. Vain.
-
, . Jehovah. Protection.
Isaiah 31:7. Trust in Jehovah. Exhortation.
. Jehovah. Deliverance.

. ... JEHOVAH""S RIGHTEOUS KING.
Isaiah 32:1. The king reigning in righteousness.
Isaiah 32:2. The Land.
. The People.
. Desolation.
Isaiah 32:15 -. The Spirit poured out.
-
, . The Land.
. The People.
Isaiah 32:20. Cultivation.

. ..... .. DESOLATION.
Isaiah 32:9. Women at ease. Call to hear.
Isaiah 32:10 -. Trouble.
-
, Isaiah 32:10. Reason.
Isaiah 32:11. Women at ease. Call to tremble.
. Trouble.
Isaiah 32:14. Reason.

. THE ASSYRIAN SPOILER.
Isaiah 33:1. The Spoiler.
Isaiah 33:2. Jehovah. Prayer to.
. The Spoiler.
. Jehovah. Praise to.
. The Spoiler.
. Jehovah. Answer of.

. . JEHOVAH. THE KING IN HIS BEAUTY.
. The king. Seen in the Lord.
. Enemy not seen.
-. The glorious Jehovah. Seen in Zion.
-
, Isaiah 33:21. Enemy not seen.
Isaiah 33:22. Jehovah. Present to save.
Isaiah 33:23. Enemy. Destroyed.
Isaiah 33:24. Jehovah. His People forgiven.

. ... GENTILE NATIONS.
. Nations and armies.
. The Land.
Isaiah 34:11 -. Wild creatures.
-
, Isaiah 34:11. The line of confusion.
Isaiah 34:12. Nobles and Princes.
Isaiah 34:13 -. The land.
-
, . Wild creatures.
Isaiah 34:17. The line of confusion.

1-8. .. NATIONS AND ARMIES.
. .. JEHOVAH:THE KING IN HIS GLORY.
. The Land.
. The People.
-
, -. The Land.
-
, Isaiah 35:8. The People.
Isaiah 35:9 -. The Land.
-
, . The People.

Isaiah 36:1 - Isaiah 39:8. HISTORIC EVENTS AND PROPHECIES (HEZEKIAH.)
Isaiah 36:1 - Isaiah 37:13. The king of Assyria. His summons to surrender Jerusalem.
. Hezekiah""s fear and prayer.
. Isaiah. Answer to prayer, and promise of deliverance from Sennacherib.
Isaiah 38:1. "The King of Terrors". His solemn summons to Hezekiah to surrender his life.
. Hezekiah""s fear and prayer.
. Isaiah. Answer to prayer and promise of deliverance from death.
Isaiah 39:1. The King of Babylon. His letters and present.
Isaiah 39:2. Hezekiah. Fearless and prayerless.
. Isaiah. His message of deliverance to Babylon.

Isaiah 36:1 - Isaiah 37:13. .... THE KING OF ASSYRIA.
. Rabshakeh. First embassy.
Isaiah 36:22 - Isaiah 37:7. Hezekiah. Reception of message.

. . .RABSHAKEH. (FIRST EMBASSY.)

Isaiah 36:22 - Isaiah 37:7. HEZEKIAH. RECEPTION OF MESSAGE.

. .. ISAIAH. ANSWER TO PRAYER.
Isaiah 37:21. Hezekiah. Prayer regarded.
. King of Assyria. Apostrophe to.
. Hezekiah. Sign given to.
. King of Assyria. Destruction of.

. . ISAIAH. ANSWER TO PRAYER.
Isa 4-6. Jehovah""s message to Hezekiah.
Isa 7-8. The Sign given.
Isa 9-20. Hezekiah""s Prayer to Jehovah.
Isa 21- 22. The Sign asked for.


. .. HEZEKIAH""S PRAYER TO JEHOVAH.
Isaiah 38:9. The Superscription.
-. The Prayer.
-
, Isaiah 38:20. The Subscription.

. .. ISAIAH. HIS MESSAGE.
Isaiah 39:3 -. Isaiah. Question.
-
, Isaiah 39:3. Hezekiah. Information.
Isaiah 39:4 -. Isaiah. Question.
-
, Isaiah 39:4. Hezekiah. Ostentation.
. Isaiah. Denunciation.
Isaiah 39:8. Hezekiah. Submission.

. THE VOICE FROM THE WILDERNESS. THE GATHERING.
. Comfort for Jerusalem. Iniquity gone.
. The voice. Jehovah""s work. Glorious..
. The voice. Jehovah""s word. Eternal.
Comfort in Zion. Adonai Jehovah come.

Isaiah 40:12 - Isaiah 66:24. . EXHORTATIONS:PROMISORY AND PROPHETIC.
. God""s Controversy with the Nations. Vanity of Idols.
Isaiah 41:1 - Isaiah 42:16. Messiah""s Anointing and Mission.
Isaiah 42:17 - Isaiah 45:15. Jehovah""s Controversy with Israel.

Isaiah 45:16 - Isaiah 47:15. God""s Controversy with the Nations. Vanity of Idols.
. Jehovah""s Controversy with Israel.
:24. Messiah""s Mission and Triumph.


;">...GOD""S CONTROVERSY WITH THE NATIONS. VANITY OF IDOLS.
Isaiah 40:12. Challenge by Jehovah. Omnipotence.
. Question as to knowledge.
. Nations insignificant.
. Challenge by Jehovah. Comparison.
Isaiah 40:21. Question as to knowledge.
. Peoples of the earth insignificant.
. Challenge by Jehovah. Equality.
Isaiah 40:28. Question as to knowledge.
. His People. Weakness revived.

Isaiah 41:1 - Isaiah 42:17. .. MESSIAH""S ANOINTING AND MISSION.
. Types
. Antitype.
...... .....TYPES.
. Abraham. From the East (v. Isaiah 41:2). Past.
. Cyrus. From the North (v. Isaiah 41:25). Future.

. ...... TYPE. ISRAEL.
. Encouragement. "Fear not".
. Ascendency.
. Encouragement. "Fear not".
. Victory.

. ....... TYPE. CYRUS.
. Challenge as to Prediction.
Isaiah 41:24. Nothingness.
Isaiah 41:25 -. Cyrus. Raised up. The act.
-
, Isaiah 41:25. Cyrus. Raised up. The purpose.
. Challenge as to Prediction.
Isaiah 41:29. Nothingness.

. ... ANTITYPE. MESSIAH.
. Messiah. Presented.
. Messiah. Addressed.
Isaiah 42:8. Images.
Isaiah 42:9. Predictions.
. Praise.
Isaiah 42:13. Messiah. Presented.
. Messiah. Addressing.
Isaiah 42:17. Images.

Isaiah 42:18 - Isaiah 45:15. .... JEHOVAH""S CONTROVERSY WITH ISRAEL.
. Remonstrance. Morals. Is-
. Encouragement. "Fear not." rael.
. Witnesses.
. Babylon. Destruction.
. Remembrance. Negative.
. Remonstrance. Ceremonials.
. Encouragement. "Fear not." Is-
. Witnesses. rael.
. Remembrance. Positive.
Isaiah 44:24 - Isaiah 45:15. Jerusalem. Restoration.

. .. REMONSTRANCE. MORALS.
Isaiah 42:18. Call to hear.
. Israel. "Blind and deaf".
Isaiah 42:21. The Law magnified by Jehovah.
Isaiah 42:22. Judgments.
Isaiah 42:23. Call to hear.
Isaiah 42:24 -. Jacob. "Spoiled and robbed".
-
, Isaiah 42:24. The Law disregarded by Israel.
Isaiah 42:25. Judgments.

. ....... ENCOURAGEMENT.
Isaiah 43:1 -. Israel created and called.
-
, Isaiah 43:1. "Fear not".
Isaiah 43:2. Preservation.
Isaiah 43:3 -. Jehovah. Israel""s Saviour.
-
, Isaiah 43:3. Ransom.
Isaiah 43:4 -. Jehovah. Israel""s Lover.
-
, Isaiah 43:4. Ransom.
Isaiah 43:5 -. "Fear not".
-
, -. Restoration.
-
, Isaiah 43:7. Israel called and created.

. .. WITNESSES.
. ............. WITNESSES.
Isaiah 44:6. Jehovah. His Own Witness.
Isaiah 44:7. Idolaters. Their own witness. Ignorance.
Isaiah 44:8. Jehovah. His Own Witness.
. Idolaters. Their own witness. Impotence.

. .. .IDOLATERS. THEIR OWN WITNESSES.
. Idolaters. Their stupidity.
. The smith and the carpenter.
. Idolaters. Their stupidity.

. .. THE SMITH AND THE CARPENTER.
Isaiah 44:12 -. The smith and his god.
-
, Isaiah 44:12. His own infirmity.
. The carpenter and his god.
. His own infirmity.

Isaiah 44:24 - Isaiah 45:15. .. JERUSALEM RESTORED.
-. Jehovah""s attributes.
. Jerusalem. Rebuilding.
Isaiah 44:28 - Isaiah 45:5. Cyrus.
. Sovereignty.
. Jehovah""s attributes.
Isaiah 45:13 -. Cyrus.
. Jerusalem. Rebuilding.
Isa
Isaiah 44:15. Inscrutability.

Isaiah 45:16 - Isaiah 47:15. . GOD""S CONTROVERSY WITH THE NATIONS. VANITY OF IDOLS.
. The nations.
. Babylon""s idols.
. Babylon. Doom.

. ... .. THE NATIONS.
Isaiah 45:16. Idolaters. Their shame and confusion.
Isaiah 45:17. Israel. Saved.
Isaiah 45:18 -. Earth. Its formation.
-
Isaiah 45:18. None beside Jehovah.
Isaiah 45:19 -. The oracles of God. Plain.
-
Isaiah 45:19. Call to the seed of Jacob.
Isaiah 45:20 -. The escaped Nation. Called.
-
Isaiah 45:20. Idolaters. Their ignorance.
Isaiah 45:21. Israel""s Saviour.
Isaiah 45:22 -. Earth. Call to.
-
Isaiah 45:22. "None beside Elohim".
Isaiah 45:23. The oath of God. Sure.
. Call to the seed of Israel.

. ....... BABYLON""S IDOLS.
. Impotence of idols.
. Call to hear.
Isaiah 46:5. Challenge as to comparison.
. Impotence of idols.
. Challenge as to comparison.
. Call to hear.

. ..... BABYLON. DOOM.
. Call to Babylon. Darkness and silence.
. Crimination. Cruelty and selfexaltation
. Retribution. Widowhood.
Isaiah 47:10. Crimination. Evil and self-deification.
Isaiah 47:11. Retribution. Evil and desolation.
Call to Babylon. Impotence.

. .. GOD""S CONTROVERSY WITH ISRAEL.
. Israel. Call to hear.
Isaiah 48:3. Jehovah. Foreknowledge.
Isaiah 48:4. Israel. Obstinacy.
Isaiah 48:5. Jehovah. Foreknowledge.
Isaiah 48:6 -. Israel. Unheedful.
-
. Jehovah. Foreknowledge.
Isaiah 48:8. Israel. Treachery.
. Jehovah. Forbearance.
Isaiah 48:12 -. Israel. Call to hear.
-
. Jehovah. The only God.
Isaiah 48:14 -. Israel. Call to assemble and hear.
-
. Jehovah. Fore-love.
Isaiah 48:16 -. Israel. Call to hear.
-
. Jehovah. The only God.
. Israel. Apostrophe.
. Jehovah. Redeemer and Supplier.
Isaiah 48:22. Israel. Sentence.

Isaiah 49:1 - Isaiah 66:24. .. MESSIAH""S MISSION AND TRIUMPH.
. The Messiah in Person. His call, qualifications, and mission.
. Zion. Her reconciliation, restoration, and enlargement.
. Sin:the cause of the Separation.
. The call to "Hearken".
Isaiah 51:9 - Isaiah 52:12. The call to Israel ("Awake").
Isaiah 52:13 - Isaiah 53:12. Messiah""s Propitiatory work.
Isaiah 54:1 - Isaiah 56:8. The call to "Sing" and "Come".
Isaiah 56:9 - Isaiah 58:14. The call to Israel""s enemies (Devour).
. Sin. the cause of the Separation.
. Zion. Her reconciliation, restoration, and enlargement.
Isaiah 61:1 - Isaiah 66:24. The Messiah in Person. His anointing, and final victory.

. .. MESSIAH IN PERSON. CALL, QUALIFICATIONS, AND MISSION.
. Messiah. Called.
Isaiah 49:3. Object. Jehovah""s glory.
Isaiah 49:4. Reception.
Isaiah 49:5 -. Messiah. Formed.
-
. Object. Jehovah""s glory.
Isaiah 49:7. Reception.
Isaiah 49:8. Messiah. Given.
. Object. Israel""s blessing.
Isaiah 49:12. Reception.

.. .. ZION . RECONCILIATION, RESTORATION, AND ENLARGEMENT.
Isaiah 49:13. Introduction. The Call to Rejoice.
Isaiah 49:14. Zion""s despondency.
-. Answer. Promise.
-
Isaiah 49:23. Jehovah the only God.
Isaiah 49:24. Zion""s despondency.
-. Answer. Prophecy.
-
Isaiah 49:26. Jehovah the only God.

-. ..... ANSWER. PROMISE.
. Zion. Not forgotten.
. Her sons. Returned.
Isaiah 49:19. Zion. Enlarged.
-. Her sons. Replenished.

. . SIN. THE CAUSE OF THE SEPARATION.
. The Breach:caused by Israel""s sin.
. The Breach. healed by Messiah.

. ..... THE BREACH:THE CAUSE.
Isaiah 50:1 -. Jehovah. Question. Words.
-
Isaiah 50:1. Not sold by God.
Isaiah 50:2 -. No help from man.
-
. Jehovah. Question. Power.

. .. THE BREACH:HEALED BY MESSIAH.
. Messiah. Qualified.
Isaiah 50:6. His reception.
. Messiah. Helped.
. His reception.

. .... . THE CALL TO HEARKEN
Isaiah 51:1 -. Hearken unto Me. Righteous.
-
. Illustration. Abraham and Sarah.
Isaiah 51:3. Jehovah. Comfort and joy.
. Hearken unto Me. People.
Isaiah 51:6 -. Illustration. Heavens and earth.
-
Isaiah 51:6. Jehovah. Salvation and Righteousness.
Isaiah 51:7. Hearken unto Me. Righteous.
Isaiah 51:8 -. Illustration. Moth and worm.
-
Isaiah 51:8. Jehovah. Righteousness and Salvation.

Isaiah 51:9 - Isaiah 52:12. .. THE CALL TO ISRAEL (AWAKE).
. "Awake, awake". Call to Jehovah.
. Comfort.
. "Awake, awake". Call to Jerusalem.
. Comfort.
. "Awake, awake". Call to Zion.
. Comfort.

Isaiah 52:13 - Isaiah 53:12. . MESSIAH""S PROPITIATORY WORK.
As coming to fulfill the Law which was in His heart (.).

. GENESIS. The Divine counsels
concerning Messiah, summarizing ch. 53 as a whole. The counsel, "Let Us make"(Genesis 1:26), answering to the counsel here, Let Us redeem.

. EXODUS.
Messiah taking His place with the nation.

. LEVITICUS.
Messiah""s relation to Jehovah. His personal work of atonement, the basis of the whole. Jehovah""s dealings with Him in the Sanctuary .

-. NUMBERS.
Messiah""s relation to the earth:finding a grave in it.

DEUTERONOMY.
The outcome, fulfilling the Divine counsels according to the Word. The first member (GENESIS), is shown to be a summary or epitome of the whole by the following arrangement:

Isaiah 52:13. Messiah""s presentation.
Isaiah 52:14. His sufferings.
Isaiah 52:15. His reward.
. Messiah""s reception.
-. His sufferings.
. His reward.

Isaiah 54:1 - Isaiah 56:8. .. THE CALL TO "SING", "COME", &c.
. Exhortation. "Sing."
Isaiah 54:3. Reason. Fruitfulness.
Isaiah 54:4. Exhortation. "Fear not."
. Reason. Jehovah""s faithfulness.
Isaiah 54:11 -. Exhortation. Be comforted.
. Reason. Jehovah""s goodness.
. Exhortation. "Come."
. Reason. Messiah given.
. Exhortation. "Seek."
. Reason. Jehovah""s gifts.
Isaiah 56:1 -. Exhortation. "Keep justice."
. Reason. Jehovah""s blessing.
Isaiah 56:3. Exhortation. Encouragement.
. Reason. Jehovah""s gathering.

. .. REASON. JEHOVAH""S FAITHFULNESS.
, . The Covenant [Marriage] Breach.
Isaiah 54:8 -. Wrath overflowing.
-
Isaiah 54:8. Everlasting kindness.
Isaiah 54:9 -. The waters of Noah. Comparison.
-
Isaiah 54:9 -. The waters of Noah. Reason.
-
Isaiah 54:9. Wrath restrained.
Isaiah 54:10 -. Everlasting kindness.
-
Isaiah 54:10. The Covenant. Breach removed.

Isaiah 56:9 - Isaiah 58:14. THE CALL TO ISRAEL""S ENEMIES.
Isaiah 56:9. Call to devour.
Isaiah 56:10 - Isaiah 57:21. Contrasted characters.
Isaiah 58:1. Call to cry aloud.
. Contrasted conduct.

Isaiah 56:10 - Isaiah 57:21. .. CONTRASTED CHARACTERS.
. The wicked.
Isaiah 57:1. The righteous.
Isaiah 57:2. Peace.
-. The wicked.
. The righteous.
. Peace.

-. THE WICKED.
. Inquiry.
. Crimination.
Isaiah 57:11. Inquiry.
. Threatening.

. CONTRASTED CONDUCT.
. Condition. Legal observances.
-. Recompense. Illumination.
-
-. Condition. Charity.
-
. Recompense. Illumination.
Isaiah 58:13. Condition. Legal observance Sabbath.
Isaiah 58:14. Recompense. Ascendancy.

. SIN THE CAUSE OF THE BREACH.
Isaiah 59:1. Salvation. Jehovah""s power.
. Israel. Crimination.
. Israel. Confession.
. Salvation. Jehovah""s work.
. CONFESSION.
Isaiah 59:9. Justice. Departed.
-. Condition. Comparisons.
-
Isaiah 59:11. Justice. Looked for in vain.
. Reason.
Isaiah 59:14 -. Justice. Turned away backward.
-
-. Reason.

. SALVATION. JEHOVAH""S WORK.
= -. Evil seen by Jehovah.
-
. Evil removed by Jehovah.
Isaiah 59:19 -. The blessed result.
-
Isaiah 59:19 -. Evil inflected by the enemy.
-
. Evil removed by Jehovah.
Isaiah 59:21. The blessed result.

. ZION:RECONCILIATION, RESTORATION, AND ENLARGEMENT.
-. Israel""s ascendancy.
-
Isaiah 60:16. Jehovah the worker.
-. Israel""s glory.
-
Isaiah 60:22. Jehovah the worker.

-. ISRAEL""S ASCENDANCY.
. Gentiles. Accession.
. Their ministry.
. Gentiles. Subjection.
-. Their homage.

. ISRAEL""S RISING COME.
Isaiah 60:1 -. The rising of Israel.
-
Isaiah 60:1 -. The light shining.
-
Isaiah 60:1. The glory of Jehovah.
Isaiah 60:2 -. Darkness covering the earth.
-
Isaiah 60:2 -. Darkness covering the peoples.
-
Isaiah 60:2. The glory of Jehovah.
Isaiah 60:3 -. The light reflected.
-
Isaiah 60:3. The rising of Israel.

. ISRAEL""S GLORY.
Isaiah 61:1 - Isaiah 66:24. MESSIAH IN PERSON.
. Messiah in Person. Grace.
. Joy for present blessings.
. Prayer incited.
. Answer promised.
. Messiah in Person. Judgment.
. Praise for past blessings.
Isaiah 63:15 - Isaiah 64:12. Prayer offered.
Isaiah 65:1 - Isaiah 66:24. Answer given.

. MESSIAH IN PERSON.
. MESSIAH. HIS PEOPLE.
Isaiah 61:4. Israel. Restoration.
Isaiah 61:5. Gentiles. Gifts.
Isaiah 61:6. Israel Jehovah""s glory.
Isaiah 61:7. Israel. Restoration.
Isaiah 61:8. Gentile. Assistance.
Isaiah 61:9. Israel Jehovah""s glory.

Isaiah 61:4. ISRAEL. RESTORATION.
Isaiah 61:4 -. Wastes. Rebuilt.
-
, Isaiah 61:4 -. Desolations. Raised up.
-
, Isaiah 61:4 -. Wastes. Rebuilt.
-
, Isaiah 61:4. Desolations. Raised up.

Isaiah 61:7. ISRAEL. RESTORATION.
Isaiah 61:7 -. Complete compensation.
-
, Isaiah 61:7 -. Rejoicing.
-
, Isaiah 61:7 -. Complete compensation.
-
, Isaiah 61:7. Rejoicing.

. MESSIAH. IN PERSON. JUDGMENT.
Isaiah 63:1 -. Question.
-
Isaiah 63:1. Answer. Character.
Isaiah 63:2. Question.
. Answer. Work.

Isaiah 63:15 - Isaiah 64:12. PRAYER OFFERED.
, Isaiah 63:15. To look down.
Isaiah 63:16. "Our Father".
Isaiah 63:17. Sin.
. Desolation.
. To come down.
Isaiah 64:8. "Our Father".
Isaiah 64:9. Sin.
. Desolation.

Isaiah 65:1 - Isaiah 66:24. ANSWER. GIVEN.
. Contrasted characters.
. Seed promised.
. Threatening.
. New heavens and new earth.
. Seed brought forth.
-. Threatening.
. New heavens and new earth.