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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes
James 1

 

 

Other Authors
Verse 1

servant. App-190.

God. App-98.

Lord. App-98.

Jesus Christ. App-98. Only here and James 2:1 in this epistle.

twelve. No suggestion of the separate houses of Judah and Israel. Note the complete number.

scattered abroad = in the dispersion (Greek. diaspora. See John 7:35).

greeting. Greek. chairo. Used in this sense in Acts 15:23; Acts 23:26. Genitive "rejoice".


Verse 2

fall. Greek. peripipto. See Acts 27:41.

temptations = trials. Compare Luke 22:28. Acts 20:19. 1 Peter 1:6; 1 Peter 4:12.


Verse 3

Knowing. App-132.

trying = testing. Gr dokimion. Only here and 1 Peter 1:7.

faith. App-150. Read, "your tested faith".

patience. Compare Romans 5:3.


Verse 4

perfect. App-125.

that = in order that. Greek. hina.

entire. Greek. holokleros. Only here and 1 Thessalonians 5:23.

wanting = lacking. Greek. leipo. See James 2:15.

nothing = in (Greek. en) nothing (Greek. medeis).


Verse 5

If = But if. App-118.

any. App-123.

lack. Greek. leipo, as James 1:4.

ask. App-134.

of = from. App-104.

liberally. Greek. haplos. Only here. The noun in 2 Corinthians 9:11, 2 Corinthians 9:13.


Verse 6

nothing. Greek. medeis, as James 1:4.

wavering. App-122. Compare Matthew 7:7, Matthew 7:8.

is like. Greek. eoika. Only here and James 1:23. The root (obs.) is eiko; compare eikon, image.

wave. See Luke 8:24.

driven. Greek. anemizomai. Only here.

tossed. Greek. rhipizomai. Only here.


Verse 7

man. App-123.

think. Only here and Philippians 1:1, Philippians 1:16. See John 21:25.

any thing. Neut. of tis. App-123.

Lord. App-98.


Verse 8

double minded. Greek. dipsuchos. Only here and James 4:8. There is no verb, but "double minded" and "unstable" qualify "that man". Compare Psalms 119:113.

man. App-123.

unstable. Greek. akatastatos. Only here and James 3:8. The noun, Luke 21:9.


Verse 9

the brother, &c. = the lowly (Greek. tapeinos. See Romans 12:16) brother.

rejoice. See Romans 2:17.

that he is exalted = his exaltation. Greek. hupsos. See Luke 1:78.


Verse 10

that he is made low = his humbling (Greek. tapeinosis. See Acts 8:33).

flower. Greek. anthos. Only here; James 1:11. 1 Peter 1:24.


Verse 11

is no sooner risen. Literally rose.

a = the.

burning heat. Greek. kauson. Only here; Matthew 20:12. Luke 12:55.

but, &c. = and withered.

falleth = fell. Same word in Romans 9:6.

grace. App-184.

fashion. Literally presence or face (James 1:23).

perisheth = perished. Greek. apollumi. See Romans 14:15.

also shall, &c. = shall the rich man also.

fade away. Greek. maraino. Only here.

ways. Greek. poreia. Only here and Luke 13:22. Not the same word as in James 1:8.


Verse 12

Blessed. Greek. makarios, as in Matthew 5:3, &c.

is = hath become.

tried = tested. Greek. dokimos. Elsewhere translated "approved". See Romans 14:18.

life. App-170.

love. App-135. Compare Hebrews 12:5, Hebrews 12:6.


Verse 13

no man = no one. Greek. medeis.

of = from. App-104.

cannot be, &c. = is incapable of being tempted. Greek. apeirastos. Only here.

evil. App-128.

neither tempteth he any man = and He Himself tempteth no one (Greek. oudeis).


Verse 14

every man = each one.

when, &c. = being drawn away. Greek. exelkomai. Only here.

of. App-104.

lust. See John 8:44, and compare Romans 7:7.

enticed. Greek. deleazo. Only here and 2 Peter 2:14, 2 Peter 2:18.


Verse 15

when lust, &c. = lust, having conceived.

sin. App-128.

finished = completely finished. Greek. apoteleo. Only here.

bringeth forth. Greek. apokueo. Only here and James 1:18.

death. See Romans 6:21.


Verse 16

Do not err = Be not deceived.

beloved. App-135.


Verse 17

gift. Greek. dosis. Only here and Philippians 1:4, Philippians 1:15.

gift. Greek. dorema. Only here and Romans 5:16.

from above. Greek. anothen. See John 3:3.

and cometh = coming.

Father. App-98.

lights. App-130.

with. App-104.

is no. Literally there is not (App-105) present (Greek. eneimi).

variableness. Greek. parallage. Only here.

neither = or.

shadow. Greek. aposkiasma. Only here.

of. i.e. cast by, or due to.

turning. Greek. trope. Only here.


Verse 18

Of His own will = Having willed. App-102.

begat. Greek. apokueo. See James 1:15.

word. App-121. Compare 1 Peter 1:23.

that = to the end that. Greek. eis. App-104.

a kind of firstfruits = a certain (Greek. tis) firstfruit (Greek. aparche). See Romans 8:23. Compare Romans 11:16.

creatures. See 1 Timothy 4:4.


Verse 19

swift. Greek. tachus. Only here, but the adverb occurs frequently.

speak. App-121.


Verse 20

righteousness. App-191.


Verse 21

filthiness. Greek. rhuparia. Only here. Compare James 2:2. 1 Peter 3:21.

superfluity = abundance. Greek. perisseia. See Romans 5:17.

naughtiness. App-128. "Naughty" and "naughtiness" had a much more forcible meaning in King James"s day than now. Compare Proverbs 6:12; Proverbs 11:6; Proverbs 17:4. Jeremiah 24:2.

meekness. Greek. prautes. Only here; James 3:13. 1 Peter 3:15. Compare App-127.

engrafted = implanted. Greek. emphutos. Only here. Not the word in Romans 11:17-24.

souls. App-110.


Verse 22

be = become.

hearers. Greek. akroates. Only here, verses: James 1:23, James 1:25. Romans 2:13.

deceiving. Greek. paralogizomai, to deceive by false reasoning. Only here and Colossians 2:4.


Verse 23

unto = to.

beholding. Greek. katanoeo. Genitive rendered "consider. "App-133.

his natural face. Literally the face (James 1:11) of his birth (Greek. genesis. Only here, James 3:6, and Matthew 1:1).

glass = mirror. Greek. esoptron. Only here and 1 Corinthians 13:12


Verse 24

beholdeth = beheld. See James 1:23.

goeth, &c. = departed.

forgetteth = forgot.


Verse 25

Whoso = he that.

looketh. Literally stooped down (to look). Greek. parakupto. App-133. See John 20:5.

the perfect, &c. = the perfect law, that of liberty.

perfect. App-125.

continueth = continued. Greek. parameno. See 1 Corinthians 16:6.

he. The texts omit.

forgetful hearer = hearer of forgetfulness. App-17.

forgetful. Greek. epilesmone. Only here.

the. Omit.

this man = this one.

deed = doing. Greek. poiesis. Only here.


Verse 26

man = one.

among you. The texts omit.

seem = thinks himself. Compare James 4:5.

religious. Greek. threskos. Only here in N.T., and nowhere found in Classical Greek. It means a careful follower of the observances connected with his belief.

bridleth. Greek. chalinagogeo. Only here and James 3:2.

deceiveth. Greek. apatao. See Ephesians 5:6.

religion. Greek. threskeia. See Acts 26:5.

vain. Greek. mataios. See Acts 14:15.


Verse 27

undefiled. Greek. amiantos. See Hebrews 7:26.

before. App-104.

visit. App-133. Compare Matthew 26:36, Matthew 26:43. Personal interest and sympathy are enjoined. Compare Micah 6:8.

fatherless. Greek. orphanos. Only here and John 14:18.

affliction. See Acts 7:10.

unspotted. Greek. aspilos. See 1 Timothy 6:14.

world. App-129.

 


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Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on James 1:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/james-1.html. 1909-1922.

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