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Bible Commentaries

Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Hebrews 13

Verse 1

brotherly love . Greek. Philadelphia. See Romans 12:10 .

continue . Greek. meno . Seep. 1511.

Verse 2

Be not forgetful = Forget not.

Be . . . forgetful . Greek. epilanthanomai. See Hebrews 6:10 .

to entertain, &c . = hospitality. Greek. philoxenia. Only here and Romans 12:13 .

thereby = by (Greek. dia . App-104 .Hebrews 13:1; Hebrews 13:1 ) this.

some . Greek. tines . App-124 .

entertained . Greek. xenizo. See Acts 10:6 . The word only in Acts, here, and 1 Peter 4:4 , 1 Peter 4:12 . As Abraham, Lot, Manoah, Gideon; and compare Matthew 25:35 .

unawares . Greek. lanthano. See Acts 26:26 .

Verse 3

Remember . Greek. mimneskomai. Compare Hebrews 2:6 .

them, &c . = the bound ones. Greek. desmios.

bound, &c . Greek. sundeomai. Only here.

them which, &c . Greek. kakoucheomai. See Hebrews 11:37 . Pagan writers notice the kindness of "Christians" to their brethren in affliction.

Verse 4

Marriage . This is not a statement of fact, but an exhortation, "Let marriage be", &c.

undefiled . Greek. amiantos. See Hebrews 7:26 .

whoremongers = fornicators, as Hebrews 12:16 .

God . App-98 .

judge . Greek. krino. App-122 . punish (Figure of speech Metonymy of cause. App-6 ).

Verse 5

conversation = bent, manner (of life). Greek. tropos. See Acts 1:11 .

without, &c. Greek. aphilarguros, literally without love of money.

be conten t. Greek. arkeo .

such things, &c . = the things that are present.

He = Himself.

never = by no means. Greek. ou me. App-105 .

leave = let . . . go. Greek. aniemi . See Acts 16:26 .

nor . Literally nor by no means. Greek. oud' ou me. The strongest negative possible.

forsake . Greek. enkataleipo. See Acts 2:27 .

Verse 6

LORD . App-98 .

Helper = Succourer. Greek. boethos. Only here; compare Psalms 10:14 ; Psalms 22:11 , &c.

man . Greek. anthropos. App-123 .

unto = to. The quotation is from Psalms 118:6 .

Verse 7

Remember . See Hebrews 11:15 .

them, &c . = your leaders (Greek. hegeomai, as verses: Hebrews 13:17 , Hebrews 13:24 ).

who = such as.

have spoken = spoke. Greek. laleo . App-121 .

word . App-121 .

faith . App-150 .

follow = imitate. Greek. mimeomai . See 2 Thessalonians 3:7 .

considering . App-133 .

end . Greek. ekbasis. Only here and 1 Corinthians 10:13 .

conversation = (manner of) life. Greek. anastrophe. See Galatians 1:1 , Galatians 1:13 .

Verse 8

Jesus Christ . App-98 .

the same . Greek. ho autos. This is the translated in the Septuagint of the Hebrew 'attah hu, a Divine title. See Psalms 102:27 . Compare Malachi 3:6 .

Verse 9

carried about . Greek. periphero. See Ephesians 4:14 . The texts read "carried away".

divers . Greek. poikilos. See Hebrews 2:4 .

strange . Greek. xenos . See Acts 17:18 .

established . Same as "confirm", Hebrews 2:3 .

with = by. No preposition: dative case.

grace . App-184 .

meats . By Figure of speech Synecdoche of species ( App-6 ) = for various and "strange doctrines" of no profit to those who practice them.

which, &c . = in (Greek. en) which they who walked have not been profited. See Hebrews 4:2 .

Verse 10

altar . The reference is to the sin-offering, which was wholly burnt outside the camp. Leviticus 4:1-21 ; Leviticus 16:27 .

whereof = of (Greek. ek) which

right . Greek. exousia. App-172 .

serve . Greek. latreuo. App-190 .

Verse 11

beasts . Greek. zoon. Compare Hebrews 12:20 .

into . Greek. eis. App-104 .

the sanctuary . The Holy of Holies. See Hebrews 8:2 .

for = concerning. Greek. peri . App-104 .

sin . Greek. hamartia. App-128 .

without = outside. Greek. exo.

Verse 12

Jesus . App-98 .

that = in order that. Greek. hina .

people . Greek. laos. See Acts 2:47 .

with = by, as Hebrews 13:11 .

Verse 13

camp. i.e. Apostate Judaism. Hebrew believers would understand the reference to Exodus 33:7 , after the apostasy of the "calf".

reproach . See Hebrews 11:26 .

Verse 14

seek . Same word in Hebrews 11:14 .

one to com e = the coming one.

Verse 15

praise . Greek. ainesis. Only here. Compare Acts 2:47 .

continually . See Hebrews 9:6 (always).

the fruit of our lips . This is a reference to Hosea 14:2 , where the Septuagint renders the Hebrew parim sephatheynu by "bullocks of our lips". Compare Isaiah 57:19 .

giving thanks = confessing. Greek. homologeo. See Hebrews 11:13 . Figure of speech Catachresis. App-6 .

name . See Acts 2:38 .

Verse 16

to do good . Literally the doing well. Greek. eupoiia. Only here.

to communicate = fellowship Greek. koinonia. Compare 1 Timothy 6:18 .

is well pleased . See Hebrews 11:5 , Hebrews 11:6

Verse 17

Obey . Greek. peitho. App-150 .

submit = be submissive. Greek. hupeiko. Only here. Compare eiko (Galatians 1:2 , Galatians 1:5 ).

yourselves . Omit.

watch . Greek. agrupneo. See Ephesians 6:18 .

souls . App-110 .

they that must give = those about to give. Greek. apodidomi.

account . Greek. logos. App-121 .

with grief = groaning. Greek. stenazo, as Mark 7:34 .

unprofitable . Greek. alusiteles. Only here. Figure of speech Meiosis. App-6 .

Verse 18

Pray . Greek. proseuchomai. App-134 .

trust . Greek. peitho . App-150 .:2.

conscience . See Acts 23:1 .

willing . Greek. thelo . App-102 .

live . Greek. anastrepho. See Hebrews 10:33 . The noun in Hebrews 13:7 .

Verse 19

beseech . Greek. parakaleo. App-134 .

the rather = more abundantly. Greek. perissoteros. Occurs: Hebrews 2:1 .

restored . Greek. apokathistemi. See Acts 1:6 .

Verse 20

peace = the peace. Compare Romans 15:33 ; Romans 16:20 . 1Th 5:23 . 2 Thessalonians 3:16 .

brought again = brought up. Compare Romans 10:7 .

from the dead . Greek. ek nekron . App-139 .

Lord . App-98 .

that = the.

Shepherd . Figure of speech Anthropopatheia ( App-6 ). Compare John 10:11 . 1 Peter 5:4 , and Septuagint of Isaiah 63:11 .

everlasting . App-151 .

covenant . Greek. diatheke. See Matthew 26:28 . Compare Genesis 9:16 .

Verse 21

Make . . . perfect . Greek. katartizo. Same word 1 Peter 5:10 . App-125 .

work . Some texts read "thing".

will . Greek. thelema. App-102 .

working = doing. Same Greek. verb in verses: Hebrews 6:17 , Hebrews 6:19 .

well pleasing . Greek. euarestos. See Romans 12:1 .

in His sight = before Him.

for ever and ever . App-151 .

Verse 22

suffer . Greek. anechomai. See Luke 9:41 .

exhortation . See Hebrews 12:5 .

have written a letter = wrote.

in . Greek. dia . App-104 .Hebrews 13:1 .

Verse 23

Know ye . May be imperative, or indicative, present tense. Greek. ginosko. App-132 .

is set at liberty = has been released, dismissed: or sent away on some special mission (as in 1 Corinthians 4:17 ). Greek. apoluo. App-174 . Compare Acts 13:3 ; Acts 15:30 , Acts 15:33 ; Acts 19:41 ; Acts 23:22 ; Acts 28:25 (departed), &c. See Introductory Notes(5) and App-180 .

if . Greek. ean. App-118 .

see . App-133 .

Verse 24

Salute . Greek. aspazomai. See 3 John 1:14 .

saints . See Acts 9:13 .

They of Italy . Latins dwelling in the place whence Hebrews was dispatched. No clue here to the locality or to whom the Epistle was originally sent.

of . Greek. apo. App-104 .

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Hebrews 13". "Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/bul/hebrews-13.html. 1909-1922.