Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Hebrews 13

Verse 1

brotherly love. Greek. Philadelphia. See Romans 12:10.

continue. Greek. meno. Seep. 1511.

Verse 2

Be not forgetful = Forget not.

Be . . . forgetful. Greek. epilanthanomai. See Hebrews 6:10.

to entertain, &c. = hospitality. Greek. philoxenia. Only here and Romans 12:13.

thereby = by (Greek. dia. App-104. Hebrews 13:1) this.

some. Greek. tines. App-124.

entertained. Greek. xenizo. See Acts 10:6. The word only in Acts, here, and 1 Peter 4:4, 1 Peter 4:12. As Abraham, Lot, Manoah, Gideon; and compare Matthew 25:35.

unawares. Greek. lanthano. See Acts 26:26.

Verse 3

Remember. Greek. mimneskomai. Compare Hebrews 2:6.

them, &c. = the bound ones. Greek. desmios.

bound, &c. Greek. sundeomai. Only here.

them which, &c. Greek. kakoucheomai. See Hebrews 11:37. Pagan writers notice the kindness of "Christians" to their brethren in affliction.

Verse 4

Marriage. This is not a statement of fact, but an exhortation, "Let marriage be", &c.

undefiled. Greek. amiantos. See Hebrews 7:26.

whoremongers = fornicators, as Hebrews 12:16.

God. App-98.

judge. Greek. krino. App-122. punish (Figure of speech Metonymy of cause. App-6).

Verse 5

conversation = bent, manner (of life). Greek. tropos. See Acts 1:11.

without, &c. Greek. aphilarguros, literally without love of money.

be content. Greek. arkeo.

such things, &c. = the things that are present.

He = Himself.

never = by no means. Greek. ou me. App-105.

leave = let . . . go. Greek. aniemi. See Acts 16:26.

nor. Literally nor by no means. Greek. oud" ou me. The strongest negative possible.

forsake. Greek. enkataleipo. See Acts 2:27.

Verse 6

LORD. App-98.

Helper = Succourer. Greek. boethos. Only here; compare Psalms 10:14; Psalms 22:11, &c.

man. Greek. anthropos. App-123.

unto = to. The quotation is from Psalms 118:6.

Verse 7

Remember. See Hebrews 11:15.

them, &c. = your leaders (Greek. hegeomai, as verses: Hebrews 13:17, Hebrews 13:24).

who = such as.

have spoken = spoke. Greek. laleo. App-121.

word. App-121.

faith. App-150.

follow = imitate. Greek. mimeomai. See 2 Thessalonians 3:7.

considering. App-133.

end. Greek. ekbasis. Only here and 1 Corinthians 10:13.

conversation = (manner of) life. Greek. anastrophe. See Galatians 1:1, Galatians 1:13.

Verse 8

Jesus Christ. App-98.

the same. Greek. ho autos. This is the translated in the Septuagint of the Hebrew "attah hu, a Divine title. See Psalms 102:27. Compare Malachi 3:6.

Verse 9

carried about. Greek. periphero. See Ephesians 4:14. The texts read "carried away".

divers. Greek. poikilos. See Hebrews 2:4.

strange. Greek. xenos. See Acts 17:18.

established. Same as "confirm", Hebrews 2:3.

with = by. No preposition: dative case.

grace. App-184.

meats. By Figure of speech Synecdoche of species (App-6) = for various and "strange doctrines" of no profit to those who practice them.

which, &c. = in (Greek. en) which they who walked have not been profited. See Hebrews 4:2.

Verse 10

altar. The reference is to the sin-offering, which was wholly burnt outside the camp. Leviticus 4:1-21; Leviticus 16:27.

whereof = of (Greek. ek) which

right. Greek. exousia. App-172.

serve. Greek. latreuo. App-190.

Verse 11

beasts. Greek. zoon. Compare Hebrews 12:20.

into. Greek. eis. App-104.

the sanctuary. The Holy of Holies. See Hebrews 8:2.

for = concerning. Greek. peri. App-104.

sin. Greek. hamartia. App-128.

without = outside. Greek. exo.

Verse 12

Jesus. App-98.

that = in order that. Greek. hina.

people. Greek. laos. See Acts 2:47.

with = by, as Hebrews 13:11.

Verse 13

camp. i.e. Apostate Judaism. Hebrew believers would understand the reference to Exodus 33:7, after the apostasy of the "calf".

reproach. See Hebrews 11:26.

Verse 14

seek. Same word in Hebrews 11:14.

one to come = the coming one.

Verse 15

praise. Greek. ainesis. Only here. Compare Acts 2:47.

continually. See Hebrews 9:6 (always).

the fruit of our lips. This is a reference to Hosea 14:2, where the Septuagint renders the Hebrew parim sephatheynu by "bullocks of our lips". Compare Isaiah 57:19.

giving thanks = confessing. Greek. homologeo. See Hebrews 11:13. Figure of speech Catachresis. App-6.

name. See Acts 2:38.

Verse 16

to do good. Literally the doing well. Greek. eupoiia. Only here.

to communicate = fellowship Greek. koinonia. Compare 1 Timothy 6:18.

is well pleased. See Hebrews 11:5, Hebrews 11:6

Verse 17

Obey. Greek. peitho. App-150.

submit = be submissive. Greek. hupeiko. Only here. Compare eiko (Galatians 1:2, Galatians 1:5).

yourselves. Omit.

watch. Greek. agrupneo. See Ephesians 6:18.

souls. App-110.

they that must give = those about to give. Greek. apodidomi.

account. Greek. logos. App-121.

with grief = groaning. Greek. stenazo, as Mark 7:34.

unprofitable. Greek. alusiteles. Only here. Figure of speech Meiosis. App-6.

Verse 18

Pray. Greek. proseuchomai. App-134.

trust. Greek. peitho. App-150.:2.

conscience. See Acts 23:1.

willing. Greek. thelo. App-102.

live. Greek. anastrepho. See Hebrews 10:33. The noun in Hebrews 13:7.

Verse 19

beseech. Greek. parakaleo. App-134.

the rather = more abundantly. Greek. perissoteros. Occurs: Hebrews 2:1.

restored. Greek. apokathistemi. See Acts 1:6.

Verse 20

peace = the peace. Compare Romans 15:33; Romans 16:20. 1 Thessalonians 5:23. 2 Thessalonians 3:16.

brought again = brought up. Compare Romans 10:7.

from the dead. Greek. ek nekron. App-139.

Lord. App-98.

that = the.

Shepherd. Figure of speech Anthropopatheia (App-6). Compare John 10:11. 1 Peter 5:4, and Septuagint of Isaiah 63:11.

everlasting. App-151.

covenant. Greek. diatheke. See Matthew 26:28. Compare Genesis 9:16.

Verse 21

Make . . . perfect. Greek. katartizo. Same word 1 Peter 5:10. App-125.

work. Some texts read "thing".

will. Greek. thelema. App-102.

working = doing. Same Greek. verb in verses: Hebrews 6:17, Hebrews 6:19.

well pleasing. Greek. euarestos. See Romans 12:1.

in His sight = before Him.

for ever and ever. App-151.

Verse 22

suffer. Greek. anechomai. See Luke 9:41.

exhortation. See Hebrews 12:5.

have written a letter = wrote.

in. Greek. dia. App-104. Hebrews 13:1.

Verse 23

Know ye. May be imperative, or indicative, present tense. Greek. ginosko. App-132.

is set at liberty = has been released, dismissed: or sent away on some special mission (as in 1 Corinthians 4:17). Greek. apoluo. App-174. Compare Acts 13:3; Acts 15:30, Acts 15:33; Acts 19:41; Acts 23:22; Acts 28:25 (departed), &c. See Introductory Notes(5) and App-180.

if. Greek. ean. App-118.

see. App-133.

Verse 24

Salute. Greek. aspazomai. See 3 John 1:14.

saints. See Acts 9:13.

They of Italy. Latins dwelling in the place whence Hebrews was dispatched. No clue here to the locality or to whom the Epistle was originally sent.

of. Greek. apo. App-104.


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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Hebrews 13". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/bul/hebrews-13.html. 1909-1922.