corner graphic   Hi,    
ver. 2.0.19.12.07
Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Go to classic.studylight.org/

Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes
James 5

 

 

Verse 1

Go to. See James 4:13.

howl. Greek. ololuzo. Only here. An onomatopoeic word.

miseries. Greek. talaiporia. See Romans 3:16. Compare James 4:9.

shall come = are coming.


Verse 2

riches = wealth. The Greek word ploutos conveys the idea of abundance. Compare Luke 12:19.

corrupted. Greek. sepo. Only here.

are = have become.

motheaten. Greek. setobrotos. Only here.


Verse 3

cankered = rusted. Greek. katioo. Only here.

rust. Greek. ios. See James 3:8.

a = for (App-104.) a.

have, &c. = treasured up. See Romans 2:5. 1 Corinthians 16:2.

last days. See 2 Timothy 3:1.


Verse 4

Behold. App-133.

hire = pay. Greek. misthos, Genitive translation "reward".

have. Omit.

reaped down. Greek. amao. Only here in N.T. occurs five times in Septuagint. Compare Micah 6:15.

of = on the part of.

arising from. App-104.

kept back by fraud. Greek. apostereo. See 1 Corinthians 6:7.

cries. Greek. boe. Only here.

reaped. Greek. therizo. Of frequently occurs in NT.

LORD of Sabaoth. This O.T. expression (= LORD of hosts) is used only here by a N.T. writer. In Romans 9:29 it is quoted from Isaiah.

LORD. App-98.


Verse 5

have. Omit.

lived in pleasure. Greek. truphao. Only here. Compare 2 Peter 2:13 (riot).

earth. App-129.

been wanton. See 1 Timothy 5:6.

slaughter. See Acts 8:32. Compare Isaiah 30:25; Isaiah 34:6. Jeremiah 12:3.


Verse 6

just. App-191. Compare Matthew 12:7; Matthew 27:19. Acts 3:14.

not. App-105. This is the Figure of speech Asyndeton. App-6. The two ands should be omitted.


Verse 7

unto, until Same Greek. word, heos.

coming. Greek. parousia. First occurance: Matthew 24:3.

hath long patience = being patient.

early. Greek. proimos. Only here.

latter. Greek. opsimos. Only here. Compare Joel 2:23.


Verse 8

stablish. See Romans 1:11.

draweth nigh = hath drawn near. See Matthew 3:2.


Verse 9

Grudge = Groan, or Murmur. See Hebrews 13:17.

one against another = against (App-104.) one another.

lest = in order that (Greek. hina) not (Greek. me).

condemned. The texts read "judged". App-122.

before. App-104.


Verse 10

the prophets. i.e. the O.T. prophets. App-189.

have spoken = spoke. App-121.

for = as.

example. See John 13:15.

suffering affliction. Greek. kakopatheia. Only here. Compare James 5:13.

patience. As in Hebrews 6:12.


Verse 11

count . . . happy. Greek. makarizo. Only here and Luke 1:48 (call blessed).

have. Omit.

patience. As in Titus 2:2.

seen = saw. App-133.

end. Compare Job 42:6.

very pitiful. Gr polusplanchnos. Only here.

of tender mercy. Greek. oiktirmon.


Verse 12

above = before. App-104.

neither. Greek. mete.

heaven = the heaven. See Matthew 6:9, Matthew 6:10.

any. App-123.

other. App-124.

nay. App-105.

into. The texts read "under". App-104.

condemnation. App-177.


Verse 13

afflicted. Greek. kakopatheo. See 2 Timothy 2:3 and Compare James 5:10, above.

pray. App-134.

merry. See Acts 27:22.

sing psalms. Greek. psallo. See Romans 15:9.


Verse 14

elders. App-189.

church. App-186. Here the church must mean the assembly which worshipped in the synagogue of James 2:2.

over. App-104.

anointing = having anointed. Greek. aleipho. Occurs here and eight times in the Gospels. Compare Mark 6:13.


Verse 15

prayer. App-134.

faith. App-150.

sick. Greek. kamno. See Hebrews 12:3. Not the same word as James 5:14.

raise . . . up. App-178.

and if. Greek. kan (kai, with App-118. b).

sins. App-128.


Verse 16

faults. App-128. but the texts read "sins", as above.

pray. App-134.

for. App-104.

healed. Greek. iaomai. See Luke 6:17. This makes it clear that the circumstances in view are those of 1 Corinthians 11:30. The offenders were those who had wronged their brethren, or had shown an unbrotherly spirit, and so had brought chastisement upon themselves.

effectual fervent = inwrought, or energized. Greek. energeo.

prayer. App-134.

righteous = just, James 5:6. App-191. Read, "a prayer of a just man inwrought"; i.e. by the Spirit.

availeth much. Literally is strong (Greek. ischuo. Compare App-172.) for much.


Verse 17

man. App-123.

subject, &c. = of like feelings. Greek. homoiopathes. Only here and Acts 14:15.

earnestly = with prayer. App-134. This is a Hebraism. Figure of speech Polyptoton. App-6.

rain. App-136.

by the space of. Omit.


Verse 18

brought forth. Greek. blastano. See Hebrews 9:4. Compare 1 Kings 17:1; 1 Kings 18:1, 1 Kings 18:41-45. Elijah"s praying for drought is first revealed in this passage.


Verse 19

if. App-118.

of = among. App-104.

from. App-104.

one = any one, as James 5:12.


Verse 20

know. App-132.

the = a.

from. Greek. ek App-104.

soul. App-110.

hide = cover. Compare 1 Peter 4:8. This refers to Proverbs 10:12.


 


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on James 5:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/james-5.html. 1909-1922.

Lectionary Calendar
Saturday, December 7th, 2019
the First Week of Advent
ADVERTISEMENT
Commentary Navigator
Search This Commentary
Enter query in the box below
ADVERTISEMENT
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology