Attention!
StudyLight.org has pledged to build one church a year in Uganda. Help us double that pledge and support pastors in the heart of Africa.
Click here to join the effort!

Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

1 Peter 1

Verse 1

apostle . App-189 .

Jesus Christ . App-98 .

strangers . Greek. parepidemos. See 1 Peter 2:11 and Hebrews 11:13 . The word "elect" from 1 Peter 1:2 must be read here "elect strangers"; compare Revised Version.

scattered = of the dispersion. See John 7:35 .James 1:1 .

throughout = of.

Pontus . . . Cappadocia, Asia . See Acts 2:9 .

Galatia . See Acts 16:6 ; Acts 18:23 .Galatians 1:1 , Galatians 1:2 .

Bithynia . See Acts 16:7 .

Verse 2

Elect . Read before "strangers". See 1 Peter 1:1 .

according to . App-104 .

foreknowledge . See Acts 2:23 .

God . App-98 .

Father . App-98 .

through . App-104 .

sanctification, &c . See 2 Thessalonians 2:13 .

Spirit . App-101 .

sprinkling . See Hebrews 12:24 .

blood . Figure of speech Metalepsis. App-6 . Blood put for death, and death for the redemption it brings.

Grace . App-184 .

unto = to.

Verse 3

Blessed, &c . See 2 Corinthians 1:3 .Ephesians 1:3 .

Lord . App-98 .

hath begotten . . . again = begat . . . again. Greek. anagennao. Only here and 1 Peter 1:23 .

lively = living. The hope of living again, because it is by His resurrection.

resurrection . App-178 .

from the dead . App-139 .

Verse 4

To. App-104 .

incorruptible . See Romans 1:23 .

undefiled . See Hebrews 7:26 .

that fadeth, &c . = unfading. Greek. amarantos. Only here. Compare 1 Peter 5:4 .

heaven = the heavens. See Matthew 6:9 , Matthew 6:10 .

for . App-104 .

Verse 5

kept . See 2 Corinthians 11:32 .

by . App-104 .

power . App-172 .

through . App-104 . 1 Peter 1:1 .

faith . App-150 .

salvation . Compare 1 Thessalonians 5:9 , 1 Thessalonians 5:10 .

to be revealed . App-106 .

last time . Compare Acts 2:17 .

Verse 6

Wherein = In ( App-104 .) which (salvation).

greatly rejoice . See Matthew 5:12 .

if . App-118 .

in heaviness = grieved.

manifold, &c . See James 1:2 .

Verse 7

That = In order that. Greek. hina .

the trial of your faith = your tested faith, as in James 1:3 .

perisheth . Greek. apollumi. See first occurance: Matthew 2:13 .

with . App-104 . 1 Peter 1:1 .

glory . See p. 1511.

at . App-104 .

appearing . App-106 .

Verse 8

seen . App-133 .

love . App-135 .

see . App-133 .

believing . App-150 .

unspeakable . Greek. aneklaletos. Only here.

full of glory . Literally glorified.

Verse 9

souls . App-110 .

Verse 10

Of . App-104 .

prophets . See James 5:10 .

have . Omit.

enquired . Greek. ekzeteo. See Acts 15:17 .

searched diligently . Greek. exereunao. Only here.

Verse 11

Searching . Greek. ereunao. See John 5:39 .

what = unto ( App-104 .) what.

Spirit . App-101 .

of Genitive of Relation. App-17 .

Christ . App-98 . These words "of Christ" should come after "signify".

signify = point. Greek. delco. See 1 Corinthians 1:11 .

testified beforehand . Greek. promarturomai. Only here.

of = with reference to. App-104 .

that should follow = after ( App-104 .) these things.

Verse 12

Unto = To.

us . The texts read "you".

minister . App-190 .

reported . Same as "shew" in Acts 20:20 .

have preached . . . you . Literally evangelized ( App-121 .) you.

with . App-104 .

Holy Ghost . No art. App-101 .

sent down . App-174 .

from . App-104 .

heaven . Singular. See Matthew 6:9 , Matthew 6:10 .

which . . . into = into ( App-104 .) which.

look = stoop down (to look). Greek. parakupto. See John 20:5 .

Verse 13

gird up . Greek. anazonnumi. Only here.

be sober, and = being sober. Greek. nepho . See 1 Thessalonians 5:6 .

to the end = perfectly. Greek. teleios . Only here. See App-125 .

to be = being.

revelation . Same as "appearing", 1 Peter 1:7 .

Verse 14

obedient children = children ( App-108 .) of ( App-17 .) obedience.

fashioning, &c . See Romans 12:2 .

Verse 15

as, &c . Literally according to ( App-104 .) the (One) having called you (is) holy.

so, &c . = become ye yourselves also.

all manner of = all.

conversation = behaviour. Greek. anastrophe. See Galatians 1:1 , Galatians 1:13 .

Verse 16

Be ye holy, &c . Quoted from Leviticus 11:44 . See also Leviticus 19:2 ; Leviticus 20:7 .

Verse 17

without respect, &c . Greek. aprosopoleptos. Only here.

judgeth . App-122 .

every man's = each one's.

sojourning . See Acts 13:17 .

Verse 18

Forasmuch, &c . = Knowing. App-132 .

redeemed . See Titus 2:14 .

with = by. No preposition.

corruptible . See Romans 1:23 .

received , &c . = handed down from your fathers. Greek. patroparadotos. Only here.

Verse 19

Lamb . See John 1:29 .

without blemish . Greek. amomos. See Ephesians 1:4 (without blame). Compare Exodus 12:5 .

without spot . See 1 Timothy 6:14 .

Verse 20

Who verily, &c . = Foreknown indeed. App-132 .

before . App-104 .

foundation, &c . App-146 .

world . App-129 .

manifest = manifested. App-106 .

these last . Read "the last of the".

times . See App-195 .

Verse 21

raised . . . up . App-178 .

Verse 22

Seeing ye have = Having.

purified . Greek. hagnizo. See Acts 21:24 .

souls . App-110 .

obeying = the obedience of.

through the Spirit . All the texts omit.

unfeigned . Greek. anupokritos. See Romans 12:9 (without dissimulation).

love, &c . Greek. Philadelphia. See Romans 12:10 .

pure . The texts omit. Read "from the heart".

fervently = intently. Greek. ektenos. Only here. See the adjective in 1 Peter 4:8 . Acts 12:5 , and the comparative in Luke 22:44 .

Verse 23

Being = Having been.

born . Same as "begotten", 1 Peter 1:3 .

seed . Greek. spora. Only here.

word . App-121 .

which liveth, &c . = living ( App-170 .) and abiding (see p. 1511).

forever . All the texts omit.

Verse 24

grass . Compare James 1:10 , James 1:11 .

man . The texts read "it", referring to "flesh".

withereth = withered. Compare James 1:11 , where the verbs are in the past tense, as here.

Verse 25

word . Greek. rhema. See Mark 9:32 .

LORD . App-98 .

endureth . Greek. meno . Same as "abide", 1 Peter 1:23 .

for ever . App-151 . The above is quoted from Isaiah 40:6-8 . App-107 .

which . . . preached . Literally evangelized, as 1 Peter 1:12 .

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 1 Peter 1". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/bul/1-peter-1.html. 1909-1922.