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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes
Jeremiah 5



Verse 1

streets = out places, or outskirts.

broad places = market, or open places of concourse.

if ye can find. Reference to Pentateuch (Genesis 18:26, &c). Points to reign of Jehoiakim rather than that of Josiah.

I will pardon. Reference to Pentateuch (Genesis 18:24-32). App-92.

Verse 3

the truth = faithfulness. The same word as in Jeremiah 5:1.

have not grieved = have felt no pain.

Verse 4

poor = become poor, or impoverished, reduced in means. Hebrew. dal. See note on "poverty", Proverbs 6:11.

judgment = justice.

Verse 5

altogether = together, or with one accord.

Verse 6

evenings = deserts.

transgressions = revolts.

backslidings = apostasies.

increased = strong, or many.

Verse 7

children = sons.

forsaken Me. Reference to Pentateuch (Deuteronomy 32:15, Deuteronomy 32:21).

sworn. Compare Jeremiah 5:2.

fed them to the full. So in many codices, with two early printed editions, Aramaean, Septuagint, Syriac, and Vulgate; but some codices, with five early printed editions, read "made them swear".

committed adultery. Reference to Pentateuch (Exodus 20:14. Deuteronomy 5:18). The usual formula for idolatry.

Verse 8

in the morning: i.e. roaming at large.

Verse 9

Shall I not visit . . . ? Figure of speech Erotesis.

My soul = I Myself, for emphasis. Hebrew. nephesh. Figure of speech Anthropopatheia.

be avenged = avenge herself. Compare Jeremiah 5:29; Jeremiah 9:9.

Verse 10

not a full end. Compare Jeremiah 5:18, and Jeremiah 4:27.

Verse 11

the house of Israel. See note on Jeremiah 2:4.

the house of Judah. See note on Jeremiah 2:4.

Verse 12

belied = acted deceitfully against. Compare Joshua 24:27.

evil = calamity.

Verse 13

prophets: i.e. Jeremiah, and others with him. See one in Ch. Jeremiah 26:20.

wind. Hebrew. ruach. App-9.

Verse 14

the LORD God of hosts. Hebrew. Jehovah.the Elohim of Zebaioth. Occurs in Jeremiah only here, Jeremiah 15:16; Jeremiah 35:17; and Jeremiah 49:5.

Verse 15

I will bring. Reference to Pentateuch (Deuteronomy 28:49). App-92.

a nation: i.e. the Chaldeans, but not yet named as such.

ancient. Compare Genesis 10:10.

understandest = hearest. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Cause), for what is understood. Compare 1 Corinthians 14:2.

Verse 17

they shall eat up. Reference to Pentateuch (Leviticus 26:16). App-92. Repeated three times by Figure of speech Anaphora, for great emphasis.

harvest, &c. Note the similar enumeration in Habakkuk 3:17.

impoverish = beat down. Only again in Malachi 1:4.

trustedst = confidedst. Hebrew. batah. App-69.

Verse 19

Wherefore . . . ? Figure of speech Erotesis. Reference to Pentateuch (Deuteronomy 29:24, Deuteronomy 29:25).

strange . . . strangers = foreign . . . foreigners, or aliens.

Verse 20

Declare . . . publish. Compare Jeremiah 4:15.

in the house of Jacob. Only here, and Amos 3:13, with the Preposition "in". See note on Jeremiah 2:4.

Verse 21

understanding. Hebrew "heart".

Verse 24

That giveth rain. Reference to Pentateuch (Deuteronomy 11:14).

both = even. Some codices omit this word.

the appointed . . . harvest. Reference to Pentateuch (Genesis 8:22).

Verse 25

iniquities. Hebrew. "avah. App-44.

sins. Hebrew. chata". App-44.

good = the good (singular)

Verse 26

wicked. Hebrew. ra"a". App-44.

Verse 28

waxen fat. Reference to Pentateuch, (the same word as in Deuteronomy 32:15).

the wicked = a lawless one. Hebrew. rasha". App-44.

the fatherless = an orphan.

yet they prosper: or, that they [the fatherless] should prosper. Figure of speech Ellipsis. App-6. Reference to Pentateuch (Deuteronomy 10:18; Deuteronomy 24:17; Deuteronomy 27:19).

the needy = needy ones.

Verse 29

Shall I not. ? Note the repeated Figure of speech Erotesis, in the form of Figure of speech Anaphora. App-6.

Verse 30

A wonderful = An astounding.

Verse 31

by their means. Prophets were raised up when the priests failed in their duty. Now they had become in accord with them. Compare Jeremiah 23:25, Jeremiah 23:26. Ezekiel 13:6, &c.


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These files are public domain.
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Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Jeremiah 5:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". 1909-1922.

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Saturday, June 6th, 2020
the Week of Proper 4 / Ordinary 9
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