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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes
Leviticus 22

 

 

Verse 1

the LORD. Hebrew. Jehovah. App-4.

spake. See note on Leviticus 5:14.


Verse 2

from. When subject to the following disabilities.

holy. See note on Exodus 3:15.

children. Hebrew sons.

hallow. See note on Leviticus 12:4.


Verse 3

soul. Hebrew. nephesh. App-13. Here rendered "soul", but in Leviticus 21:11 inaccurately rendered "body". See note on Leviticus 19:28.

cut off from My presence. Occurs only here in the Pentateuch; elsewhere, "cut off from his people". See note on Leviticus 7:20. Accounted for here by the seriousness of the offence.


Verse 4

the dead. Hebrew. nephesh (App-13), rendered "soul" in preceding verse. Heb = "a dead soul". Compare Leviticus 22:11.

seed goeth. See Leviticus 15:16.


Verse 6

soul. Hebrew. nephesh. (App-13.) Here again rendered soul. See verses: Leviticus 22:3, Leviticus 22:4, Leviticus 22:11, and note on Leviticus 19:28.

wash = bathe. See note on Leviticus 14:9.


Verse 9

keep Mine ordinance = observe My observance. Figure of speech Polyptoton, App-6, for emphasis. Compare Leviticus 18:30.

ordinance = charge.

sin = penalty. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Cause). App-6.


Verse 11

soul. Hebrew. nephesh (App-13). Here put by Figure of speech Synecdoche (of Part), for "any person", i.e. a heathen slave.

he = the slave so bought. Emphatic.

meat = Figure of speech Metonymy (of Species), for any kind of food. App-6.


Verse 12

a stranger = a man (Hebrew. "ish. App-14.), i.e. an Israelite, but not of Aaron"s seed (Numbers 16:40).

offering = heave offering. Hebrew. terumah. App-43.


Verse 14

unwittingly: i.e. through ignorance. See Leviticus 4:2, Leviticus 4:22, Leviticus 4:27; Leviticus 5:15, Leviticus 5:18.


Verse 15

offer = offer up, as a heave offering. Hebrew. rum. App-43.


Verse 16

iniquity = penalty. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Cause). App-6. Hebrew. "avon. App-44.

trespass. Hebrew. "aSamaritan Pentateuch App-44.

I the LORD do sanctify. A Jehovah title. See note on Leviticus 21:8, and App-4.


Verse 18

Whatsoever = what man soever. Hebrew. "ish "tsh. App-14,

offer = bring near. Hebrew. karab. App-43.

oblation = Hebrew. korban. App-43. Translated "offering", Leviticus 3:7, Leviticus 3:14; Leviticus 7:12; Leviticus 17:4, &. c.

freewill offerings. Compare Psalms 40:8. John 10:17, John 10:18; John 17:4. Philippians 1:2, Philippians 1:7, Philippians 1:8.


Verse 19

at your own will = for your acceptance. So rendered in verses: Leviticus 22:20, Leviticus 22:21, Leviticus 22:25, Leviticus 22:27. See note on Leviticus 1:3. For this kind of offering, see note on Leviticus 7:15, Leviticus 7:16.


Verse 22

offering. Hebrew. "ishsheh. App-43.


Verse 23

offer = prepare. Hebrew "asah. App-43.


Verse 25

bread = food. Figure of speech Synecdoche (of Species), put for all kinds of food. App-6.

of. Genitive of relation. App-17.

God. Hebrew. Elohim. App-4.


Verse 27

offerings approach offering. Hebrew. korban. App-43.


Verse 28

cow. Hebrew. shor, rendered "cow" only here and Numbers 18:17.


Verse 29

offer a sacrifice = kill [an offering] as a sacrifice. App-43.


Verse 32

holy = set apart. See note on Exodus 3:5.

hallowed . . . hallow = set apart. See note on Exodus 3:5.


Verse 33

brought you out. See note on Leviticus 11:45.

 


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Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Leviticus 22:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/leviticus-22.html. 1909-1922.

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