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Bible Commentaries

Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Leviticus 22

Verse 1

the LORD. Hebrew. Jehovah. App-4 .

spake. See note on Leviticus 5:14 .

Verse 2

from. When subject to the following disabilities.

holy. See note on Exodus 3:15 .

children. Hebrew sons.

hallow. See note on Leviticus 12:4 .

Verse 3

soul. Hebrew. nephesh. App-13 . Here rendered "soul", but in Leviticus 21:11 inaccurately rendered "body". See note on Leviticus 19:28 .

cut off from My presence. Occurs only here in the Pentateuch; elsewhere, "cut off from his people". See note on Leviticus 7:20 . Accounted for here by the seriousness of the offence.

Verse 4

the dead. Hebrew. nephesh ( App-13 ), rendered "soul" in preceding verse. Heb = "a dead soul". Compare Leviticus 22:11 .

seed goeth. See Leviticus 15:16 .

Verse 6

soul. Hebrew. nephesh. ( App-13 .) Here again rendered soul. See verses: Leviticus 22:3 , Leviticus 22:4 , Leviticus 22:11 , and note on Leviticus 19:28 .

wash = bathe. See note on Leviticus 14:9 .

Verse 9

keep Mine ordinance = observe My observance. Figure of speech Polyptoton, App-6 , for emphasis. Compare Leviticus 18:30 .

ordinance = charge.

sin = penalty. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Cause). App-6 .

Verse 11

soul. Hebrew. nephesh ( App-13 ). Here put by Figure of speech Synecdoche (of Part), for "any person", i.e. a heathen slave.

he = the slave so bought. Emphatic.

meat = Figure of speech Metonymy (of Species), for any kind of food. App-6 .

Verse 12

a stranger = a man (Hebrew. 'ish . App-14 .), i.e. an Israelite, but not of Aaron's seed (Numbers 16:40 ).

offering = heave offering. Hebrew. terumah. App-43 .

Verse 14

unwittingly: i.e. through ignorance. See Leviticus 4:2 , Leviticus 4:22 , Leviticus 4:27 ; Leviticus 5:15 , Leviticus 5:18 .

Verse 15

offer = offer up, as a heave offering. Hebrew. rum. App-43 .

Verse 16

iniquity = penalty. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Cause). App-6 . Hebrew. 'avon. App-44 .

trespass. Hebrew. 'aSamaritan Pentateuch App-44 .

I the LORD do sanctify. A Jehovah title. See note on Leviticus 21:8 , and App-4 .

Verse 18

Whatsoever = what man soever. Hebrew. 'i sh 'tsh. App-14 ,

offer = bring near. Hebrew. karab. App-43 .

oblation = Hebrew. korban. App-43 . Translated "offering", Leviticus 3:7 , Leviticus 3:14 ; Leviticus 7:12 ; Leviticus 17:4 , &. c.

freewill offerings. Compare Psalms 40:8 . John 10:17 , John 10:18 ; John 17:4 .Philippians 1:2 , Philippians 1:7 , Philippians 1:8 .

Verse 19

at your own will = for your acceptance. So rendered in verses: Leviticus 22:20 , Leviticus 22:21 , Leviticus 22:25 , Leviticus 22:27 . See note on Leviticus 1:3 . For this kind of offering, see note on Leviticus 7:15 , Leviticus 7:16 .

Verse 22

offering. Hebrew. 'ishsheh. App-43 .

Verse 23

offer = prepare. Hebrew ' asah . App-43 .

Verse 25

bread = food. Figure of speech Synecdoche (of Species), put for all kinds of food. App-6 .

of. Genitive of relation. App-17 .

God. Hebrew. Elohim. App-4 .

Verse 27

offerings approach offering. Hebrew. korban. App-43 .

Verse 28

cow. Hebrew. shor, rendered "cow" only here and Numbers 18:17 .

Verse 29

offer a sacrifice = kill [an offering] as a sacrifice. App-43 .

Verse 32

holy = set apart. See note on Exodus 3:5 .

hallowed . . . hallow = set apart. See note on Exodus 3:5 .

Verse 33

brought you out. See note on Leviticus 11:45 .

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Leviticus 22". "Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/bul/leviticus-22.html. 1909-1922.