corner graphic   Hi,    
ver. 2.0.19.11.17
Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Go to classic.studylight.org/

Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes
Leviticus 5

 

 

Verse 1

soul = a person. Hebrew. nephesh. App-13.

sin. Hebrew. chata. App-44.

and hear = because he heard.

swearing = adjuration. is = "he [is]".

iniquity = perverseness. Hebrew. "avail. App-44. Put here by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Cause) for the punishment due to it. App-6.


Verse 2

be hidden: i.e. if he forget his uncleanness. This clause "and if", &c, is omitted in the Septuagint and included in Leviticus 5:3.


Verse 3

man. Hebrew. "adam. See App-14.


Verse 4

pronouncing with his lips = speaking heedlessly.

evil. Hebrew. ra"a". App-44.

evil . . . good. Figure of speech Synecdoche (of the Whole), to include all human actions. Compare Genesis 24:50; Genesis 31:29. Numbers 24:13.


Verse 5

sinned. Hebrew. chata. App-44.


Verse 6

his trespass offering = as his trespass offering. Hebrew. "asham.

the LORD. Hebrew. Jehovah. App-4.

sin. Hebrew. chata. App-44.

make an atonement. See note on Exodus 26:33.


Verse 7

trespass. Hebrew. "asham. App-44.


Verse 10

manner. See note on Leviticus 1:14, &c.


Verse 11

offering. Hebrew. korban. App-43. For the poor only a little flour. Compare Leviticus 4:23; Leviticus 4:28. All equally forgiven. Compare Leviticus 4:26, Leviticus 4:31 and Leviticus 5:13.

sin offering: and not a minchah, Leviticus 2:11.


Verse 12

a memorial thereof = a memorial portion.

burn = burn as incense. Hebrew. katar. App-43.

according to = upon.

offerings made by fire. Hebrew. ishsheh. App-43.


Verse 13

one of these. Specified in verses: Leviticus 5:1-4 above. Compare Leviticus 5:5.

and the remnant: better "and it shall belong to the priest".


Verse 14

spake. This formula denotes another communication made at a different time, and gives a further development of the laws of the trespass offering. Note that in this book Jehovah "spake" at thirty-five "sundry times", and in ten "divers manners" (see App-10):

(1) To Moses alone (Leviticus 5:14; Leviticus 6:1, Leviticus 6:19; Leviticus 8:1; Leviticus 14:1; Leviticus 22:26; Leviticus 23:26).
(2) To Moses, to speak to Aaron alone (
Leviticus 16:1).
(3) To Moses, to speak to "Aaron and his sons" (
Leviticus 6:8, Leviticus 6:24; Leviticus 22:1).
(4) To Moses, to speak to "the priests, the sons of Aaron" (
Leviticus 21:1).
(5) To Moses, to speak to "Aaron and his sons, and in all the children of Israel" (
Leviticus 17:1; Leviticus 21:16 (Compare Leviticus 5:24); Leviticus 22:17).
(6) To Moses, to speak to "the children of Israel" (
Leviticus 1:1; Leviticus 4:1; Leviticus 7:22, Leviticus 7:28;
Leviticus 12:1; Leviticus 18:1; Leviticus 20:1; Leviticus 23:1, Leviticus 23:9, Leviticus 23:23; Leviticus 24:1, Leviticus 24:13; Leviticus 25:1; Leviticus 27:1).
(7) To Moses, to speak "to all the congregation of the children of Israel" (
Leviticus 19:1).
(8) To Moses and Aaron conjointly (
Leviticus 13:1; Leviticus 14:33).
(9) To Moses and Aaron, to speak to "the children of Israel" (
Leviticus 11:1; Leviticus 15:1).
(10) To Aaron alone (
Leviticus 10:8).

The reasons for these distinctions will be seen from the respective contexts.


Verse 15

trespass. Hebrew. ma"al, to act covertly; to be faithless, especially in covenant matters, either with God (Leviticus 26:40. Numbers 31:16. Deuteronomy 32:51, &c.) or between husband and wife (Numbers 5:12, Numbers 5:27). Not the same word as in verses: Leviticus 5:6, Leviticus 5:7, Leviticus 5:15, Leviticus 6:16, and below in this verse.

holy things, &c., such as firstfruits, firstborn, &c. Exodus 28:38. See note on Exodus 3:5.

estimation = valuation. Made here by Moses, transferred by him to the priests. See Leviticus 27:8, Leviticus 27:12. Numbers 18:16.


Verse 16

harm that he hath done. Hebrew. chat"a. App-44.

add. In trespass in holy things sacrifice comes first (Leviticus 5:15) and addition afterwards. In human affairs the addition comes first (Leviticus 6:5) and sacrifice follows (Leviticus 6:7).


Verse 17

any = any one of these things specified in Leviticus 5:15.

wist it not = knew it not. This effectually disposes of the fallacy that it is only sincerity that matters. Note the repetition of the words in verses: Leviticus 5:17-19 to emphasize this.

iniquity. Hebrew. "avah. App-44.


Verse 18

erred. Hebrew. shagag. App-44.


Verse 19

trespassed. Hebrew. "asham. App-44. Compare Leviticus 5:17.

 


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Leviticus 5:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/leviticus-5.html. 1909-1922.

Lectionary Calendar
Sunday, November 17th, 2019
the Week of Proper 28 / Ordinary 33
ADVERTISEMENT
Commentary Navigator
Search This Commentary
Enter query in the box below
ADVERTISEMENT
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology