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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Leviticus 5

Introduction

Overview

Leviticus 5:1, He that sins in concealing his knowledge; Leviticus 5:2, in touching an unclean thing; Leviticus 5:4, or in making an oath; Leviticus 5:6, His trespass offering, of the flock; Leviticus 5:7, of fowls; Leviticus 5:11, or of flour; Leviticus 5:14, The trespass offering in sacrilege; Leviticus 5:17, and in sins of ignorance.

Verse 1

a soul: Leviticus 5:15, Leviticus 5:17, Leviticus 4:2, Ezekiel 18:4, Ezekiel 18:20

hear: Exodus 22:11, Judges 17:2, 1 Kings 8:31, 1 Kings 22:16, 2 Chronicles 18:15, Proverbs 29:24, Proverbs 30:9, Matthew 26:63

the voice of swearing: Kol alah, rather, "the voice of adjuration," צשםחם ןסךיףלןץ, as the LXX render; for this does not relate to the duty of informing against a common swearer, but to the case of a person who, being adjured by the civil magistrate to answer upon oath, refuses to declare what he knows upon the subject - such an one shall bear his iniquity - shall be considered as guilty in the sight of God of the transgression which he has endeavoured to conceal, and must expect to be punished for hiding the iniquity with which he was acquainted.

bear: Leviticus 5:17, Leviticus 7:18, Leviticus 17:16, Leviticus 19:8, Leviticus 20:17, Numbers 9:13, Psalms 38:4, Isaiah 53:11, 1 Peter 2:24

Reciprocal: Exodus 28:43 - bear not iniquity Leviticus 6:20 - the tenth Leviticus 7:37 - trespass Leviticus 14:19 - General Leviticus 19:21 - General Leviticus 24:15 - bear his sin Numbers 5:6 - When Numbers 15:31 - his iniquity Numbers 18:9 - every trespass Numbers 30:15 - he shall bear 2 Chronicles 6:22 - and an oath

Verse 2

touch: Leviticus 7:21, Leviticus 11:24, Leviticus 11:28, Leviticus 11:31, Leviticus 11:39, Numbers 19:11-Nehemiah :, Deuteronomy 14:8, Isaiah 52:11, Haggai 2:13, 2 Corinthians 6:17

hidden: Leviticus 5:4, Leviticus 5:17, Psalms 19:12, Luke 11:44

and guilty: Leviticus 5:17, Leviticus 4:13

Reciprocal: Leviticus 5:15 - a soul Leviticus 11:8 - they are unclean Leviticus 14:12 - trespass

Verse 3

the uncleanness: Leviticus 12:1 - Leviticus 13:59, Leviticus 15:1-Micah :, Leviticus 22:4-Joshua :, Numbers 19:11-Nehemiah :

Reciprocal: Leviticus 6:4 - because Leviticus 7:21 - the uncleanness Leviticus 14:12 - trespass Numbers 19:13 - purifieth Isaiah 52:11 - touch

Verse 4

if a soul: This relates to rash oaths or vows, which a man was afterwards unable, or which it would have been sinful, to perform.

to do evil: Leviticus 27:2-Nahum :, Joshua 2:14, Joshua 9:15, Judges 9:19, Judges 11:31, Judges 21:7, Judges 21:18, 1 Samuel 1:11, 1 Samuel 14:24-Hosea :, 1 Samuel 24:21, 1 Samuel 24:22, 1 Samuel 25:22, 2 Samuel 21:7, 2 Kings 6:31, Psalms 132:2-Deuteronomy :, Ecclesiastes 5:2-Joshua :, Ezekiel 17:18, Ezekiel 17:19, Matthew 14:7, Matthew 14:9, Mark 6:23, Acts 23:12

Reciprocal: Leviticus 4:23 - if his sin Leviticus 5:2 - hidden Leviticus 6:4 - because Numbers 30:2 - swear Ecclesiastes 5:6 - before

Verse 5

confess: Leviticus 16:21, Leviticus 26:40, Numbers 5:7, Joshua 7:19, Ezra 10:11, Ezra 10:12, Job 33:27, Psalms 32:5, Proverbs 28:13, Jeremiah 3:13, Daniel 9:4, Romans 10:10, 1 John 1:8-2 Samuel :

Reciprocal: Ecclesiastes 5:6 - before

Verse 6

trespass offering: It is remarkable, that in this and the following verse, the sacrifice offered is indifferently called asham, a trespass offering, and chattath, a sin offering; yet the Marginal References show that these differ in several respects. Sin offerings were sometimes offered for the whole congregation; trespass offerings never, but only for particular persons. Bullocks were sometimes used for sin offerings, never for trespass offerings. The blood of the sin offerings was put on the horns of the altar, that of the trespass offerings was only sprinkled round the bottom of the altar. The sin offering seems to have been for the expiation of offences committed in matters of religion, from a mistake or inadvertency respecting the law; but the trespass offering was required for the casual deviations from the ritual law, when well known, or for crimes against moral precepts, implying injustice to man. Leviticus 4:28, Leviticus 4:32, Leviticus 6:6, Leviticus 7:1-Judges :, Leviticus 14:12, Leviticus 14:13, Leviticus 19:21, Leviticus 19:22, Numbers 6:12, Ezekiel 40:39, Ezekiel 42:13

a female: Leviticus 4:28, Leviticus 4:32

the priest: Leviticus 4:20

Reciprocal: Exodus 12:3 - lamb Exodus 29:14 - it is a Leviticus 1:4 - atonement Leviticus 4:19 - General Leviticus 4:35 - and the priest shall make Leviticus 5:10 - make Leviticus 5:11 - for it is Leviticus 5:13 - the priest Leviticus 5:16 - and the priest Leviticus 12:6 - a lamb Leviticus 14:19 - General Numbers 18:9 - every trespass Numbers 19:13 - purifieth 1 Samuel 6:3 - a trespass

Verse 7

he be not able to bring a lamb: Heb. his hand cannot reach to the sufficiency of a lamb, Leviticus 5:11, Leviticus 12:8, Leviticus 14:21, 2 Corinthians 8:12, James 2:5, James 2:6

two turtledoves: Leviticus 1:14, Leviticus 1:15, Matthew 3:16, Matthew 10:16, Luke 2:24

one: Leviticus 5:8, Leviticus 5:9, Leviticus 9:3, Leviticus 14:22, Leviticus 14:31, Leviticus 15:14, Leviticus 15:15, Leviticus 15:30, Leviticus 16:5, Hebrews 10:6-2 Samuel :

Reciprocal: Leviticus 14:4 - two birds Leviticus 14:12 - trespass Leviticus 25:26 - himself be able to redeem it Leviticus 27:8 - poorer Numbers 6:10 - General Numbers 8:12 - the one Deuteronomy 16:10 - a tribute Matthew 21:12 - doves

Verse 8

wring off: Leviticus 1:15, Romans 4:25, 1 Peter 3:18

Reciprocal: Exodus 29:14 - it is a Leviticus 5:7 - one Numbers 6:11 - offer Numbers 18:20 - General

Verse 9

sprinkle: Leviticus 1:5, Leviticus 4:25, Leviticus 4:30, Leviticus 4:34, Leviticus 7:2, Exodus 12:22, Exodus 12:23, Isaiah 42:21, Hebrews 2:10, Hebrews 12:24

the rest: Leviticus 4:7, Leviticus 4:18, Leviticus 4:25, Leviticus 4:30, Leviticus 4:34

Reciprocal: Exodus 29:12 - pour all Leviticus 5:7 - one Leviticus 5:11 - for it is Numbers 8:12 - the one

Verse 10

offer: Leviticus 1:14-Esther :, Ephesians 5:2

manner: or, ordinance, Leviticus 1:14-Esther :

make: Leviticus 5:6, Leviticus 5:13, Leviticus 5:16, Leviticus 4:20, Leviticus 4:26, Leviticus 4:31, Leviticus 4:35, Romans 5:11, 1 John 2:2

it: James 5:15

Reciprocal: Leviticus 6:7 - make Numbers 8:12 - the one Hebrews 9:22 - and without

Verse 11

But if: Leviticus 5:7

the tenth part: Exodus 16:18, Exodus 16:36

fine flour: Leviticus 2:1, Numbers 7:13, Numbers 7:19- :, Numbers 15:4-1 Samuel :

no oil: Leviticus 2:1, Leviticus 2:2, Leviticus 2:4, Leviticus 2:5, Leviticus 2:15, Leviticus 2:16, Numbers 5:15, Psalms 22:1-Ecclesiastes :, Psalms 69:1-Ecclesiastes :, Isaiah 53:2-2 Samuel :

for it is: Leviticus 5:6, Leviticus 5:9, Leviticus 5:12, 2 Corinthians 5:21

Reciprocal: Exodus 30:34 - frankincense Matthew 21:12 - doves

Verse 12

a memorial: Leviticus 2:2, Leviticus 2:9, Leviticus 2:16, Leviticus 6:15, Numbers 5:26, Acts 10:4, Ephesians 5:2

according: Leviticus 1:9, Leviticus 1:13, Leviticus 1:17, Leviticus 2:9, Leviticus 3:4, Leviticus 3:11, Leviticus 4:35

Reciprocal: Leviticus 5:11 - for it is Acts 10:31 - are Hebrews 9:22 - and without

Verse 13

the priest: Leviticus 5:6, Leviticus 4:20, Leviticus 4:26, Leviticus 4:31

shall be: Leviticus 2:3, Leviticus 2:10, Leviticus 7:6, 1 Samuel 2:28, Hosea 4:8, 1 Corinthians 9:13

Reciprocal: Leviticus 4:35 - and the priest shall make Leviticus 5:10 - make Leviticus 5:16 - and the priest Leviticus 6:7 - make Leviticus 6:16 - the remainder Leviticus 7:9 - shall be Leviticus 7:31 - the breast Numbers 15:22 - General

Verse 15

a soul: Leviticus 5:1, Leviticus 5:2, Leviticus 4:2

in the: Leviticus 5:16, Leviticus 7:1, Leviticus 7:6, Leviticus 10:17, Leviticus 10:18, Leviticus 22:1-Nehemiah :, Leviticus 24:5-1 Samuel :, Leviticus 27:9-Micah :, Numbers 18:9-Jonah :, Deuteronomy 12:5-2 Kings :, Deuteronomy 12:26, Deuteronomy 15:19, Deuteronomy 15:20, Deuteronomy 26:1-Ezra :

ram: Leviticus 5:18, Leviticus 6:6, Ezra 10:19

thy estimation: Leviticus 26:2-Ruth :, Leviticus 26:12, Leviticus 26:13, Leviticus 26:17, Leviticus 26:18, Leviticus 26:23-Daniel :

the shekel: Leviticus 27:25, Exodus 30:13

Reciprocal: Exodus 29:1 - without Exodus 38:24 - the shekel Leviticus 5:17 - though Leviticus 6:2 - commit Leviticus 6:7 - make Leviticus 22:14 - General Leviticus 27:3 - And thy estimation Numbers 5:7 - with the principal Numbers 15:22 - General Joshua 7:11 - among 1 Samuel 6:3 - a trespass 2 Kings 12:4 - dedicated things 2 Kings 12:16 - trespass money Proverbs 20:25 - a snare Malachi 3:8 - In

Verse 16

make: Leviticus 22:14, Exodus 22:1, Exodus 22:3, Exodus 22:4, Psalms 69:4, Luke 19:8, Acts 26:20

the fifth: Leviticus 6:4, Leviticus 6:5, Leviticus 27:13, Leviticus 27:15, Leviticus 27:27, Leviticus 27:31, Numbers 5:7

and the priest: Leviticus 5:6, Leviticus 5:10, Leviticus 5:13, Leviticus 4:26, Hebrews 9:13, Hebrews 9:14, 1 John 2:1, 1 John 2:2

Reciprocal: Exodus 29:1 - without Leviticus 5:15 - in the Leviticus 5:18 - And he Leviticus 6:7 - make Leviticus 14:18 - make an atonement 2 Kings 12:4 - dedicated things Ezra 10:19 - a ram Malachi 3:8 - In

Verse 17

a soul sin: This case is supposed to differ from the preceding, merely in that the person concerned was not certain whether he had or had not committed the trespass. It is therefore called by the Hebrews a doubtful trespass offering. Leviticus 5:1, Leviticus 4:2-Numbers :, Leviticus 4:13, Leviticus 4:22, Leviticus 4:27

though: Leviticus 5:15, Psalms 19:12, Luke 12:48, Romans 14:23

yet is he: Leviticus 5:1, Leviticus 5:2, Leviticus 4:2, Leviticus 4:13, Leviticus 4:27

Reciprocal: Exodus 28:43 - bear not iniquity Leviticus 7:18 - bear Numbers 5:6 - When Numbers 19:13 - purifieth Ezekiel 18:20 - bear

Verse 18

And he: Leviticus 5:15, Leviticus 5:16

for a trespass: Leviticus 6:6, 1 Timothy 2:5, 1 Timothy 2:6

and the priest: Leviticus 5:16, Leviticus 1:4, Leviticus 4:20, Leviticus 6:7

Reciprocal: Leviticus 14:12 - trespass Hebrews 9:7 - errors Hebrews 9:22 - and without

Verse 19

trespassed: Ezra 10:2, Psalms 51:4, Malachi 3:8, 2 Corinthians 5:19-Ecclesiastes :

Reciprocal: Leviticus 6:2 - commit Leviticus 14:12 - trespass Joshua 22:15 - General

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Leviticus 5". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/leviticus-5.html.