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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes
Luke 12

 

 

Verse 1

In. Greek. en. App-104.

trode one upon another = trampled one another down.

unto. Greek. pros. App-104. Not the same word as in Luke 12:11.

first. The Structure ("K ") on p. 1471 shows that this must be connected with "disciples "and not with what follows.

Beware ye = Take heed to yourselves. Compare Matthew 16:6, spoken on another occasion. of. Greek. apo. App-104.

leaven. See note on Matthew 13:33.

which. Denoting a class of things in the category of impiety.

hypocrisy. See note on "hypocrite" (Luke 11:44).


Verse 2

nothing. Greek. ouden. Compound of ou. App-105.

covered = concealed. Greek sunkaluptomai. Only here in N.T.

not. Greek. ou. App-105. Not the same word as in verses: Luke 12:4, Luke 12:6 -, Luke 4:7, Luke 4:21, Luke 4:26, Luke 4:27-; Luk_4:29; Luk_4:32; Luk_4:33; Luk_4:47; Luk_4:48; Luk_4:59.

be = become.

revealed = uncovered. Greek. apokalupto. See App-106.

known. Greek. ginosko. App-132.


Verse 3

Therefore = Instead of (Greek. anti. App-104. ) which.

have spoken = spake.

darkness = the darkness.

in = to. Greek pros. App-104.

closets = the chambers. Occurs only here, Luke 12:24, and Matthew 6:6; Matthew 24:26.

proclaimed. App-121.

upon. Greek. epi. App-104.

housetops. Compare Matthew 24:17.


Verse 4

I say unto you. Always introduces an important matter.

unto = to.

Be not afraid (phobethete). ye shall fear (phobethete) (Luke 12:5). Note the Figure of speech Anadiplosis (App-6), by which all the words between are emphasized, by being thus enclosed.

not. Greek. me. App-105. Not the same word as in verses: Luke 12:2, Luke 12:6, Luke 12:10, Luke 2:15, Luke 2:21, Luke 2:26, Luke 2:27, Luke 2:39, Luke 2:45, Luke 2:46, Luke 2:56, Luke 2:57, Luke 2:59.

of = from [the hands of]. Greek. apo. App-104. Compare Matthew 10:28. Not the same word as in verses: Luke 12:6, Luke 12:13, Luke 12:25, Luke 6:48, Luke 6:57. after. Greek. meta. App-104. no. Greek. ou.


Verse 5

forewarn = shew, or warn; p. Luke 3:7.

ye shall fear. See note on Luke 12:4.

Fear. Note the second Anadiplosis. App-6.

Him, which: i.e. God Who.

power = authority. See App-172.

into. Greek. eis. App-104.

hell = the Gehenna. See note on 2 Kings 23:10. Matthew 5:3, and App-131.


Verse 6

not. See App-105.

two farthings = two assaria. See note on Matthew 10:29.

of = out of. Greek. ek. App-104.

before = in the sight of. Greek. enopion, as in Luke 1:15.


Verse 7

are = have been. See note on Matthew 10:30. Acts 27:34; and compare 1 Samuel 14:45. 1 Kings 1:52.

more value = differ from: i.e. excel.


Verse 8

shall = may (with Greek. an).

Me = in (Greek. en. App-104.) Me: i.e. in My Name.

before = in the presence of. Greek. emprosthen.

men. Plural of anthropos. App-123.

him = in him.

shall = will.

the Son of man. See App-98.


Verse 9

denieth = has disowned.

denied = utterly disowned.


Verse 10

word. Not "blaspheme", as in next clause.

against. Greek. eis. App-101.

the Holy Ghost. With Art. See App-101. As in Luke 12:12.


Verse 11

unto = before. Greek. epi. App-104.

synagogues. See App-120.

powers = authorities. App-172.

take ye no thought = be not full of care, or anxious.

answer = reply in defence. See Acts 6:8, Acts 6:10; 2 Timothy 4:17. 1 Peter 3:15. Compare Daniel 3:16.


Verse 12

ought to = should.


Verse 13

Master = Teacher. App-98.

divide. Compare Deuteronomy 21:15-17.

with. Greek. meta. App-104.


Verse 14

made = appointed, or constituted. Compare Exodus 2:4.

over. Greek. epi. App-104. Not with the same case as in verses: Luke 12:42, Luke 12:44.


Verse 15

Take heed = See. Greek. horao. App-133.

beware = keep yourselves from,

covetousness. All the texts read "all covetousness".

man"s = to any one.

life. Greek zoe. See App-170. Not so with bios (App-171.)

possesseth. Greek. huparcho. see Philippians 1:2, Philippians 1:6 (being); Luke 3:20 ("is ").


Verse 16

ground = estate. Greek. chora.

brought forth plentifully. Greek euphoreo. Occurs only here.


Verse 17

thought = was reasoning.

within. Greek. en. App-104.

no = not. Greek ou. App-105.

bestow = gather together, or lay up.


Verse 18

barns = granaries.

fruits = produce. Not the same word as in Luke 12:17. Tr. WI R read "the corn".

goods = good things.


Verse 19

my soul. Idiom for "myself". Greek. mou psuche. See App-13., App-110, and note on Jeremiah 17:21.

soul = psuche. See App-110.

laid up = laid by.

for (Greek. eis. App-104.) many years. Compare Proverbs 27:1.


Verse 20

fool. See note on Luke 11:40.

this night = this very night.

thy soul = thy life. App-110.

shall be required = they demand. Only here and Luke 6:30. Tr. A WI read "is required". But both are impersonal, referring to some unknown invisible agencies which carry out God"s judgments or Satan"s will. Compare Psalms 49:15. Job 4:19; Job 18:18; Job 19:26; Job 34:20. In a good sense compare Isaiah 60:11.

which, &c. In the Greek this clause is emph., standing before the question "then whose", &c.

provided = prepared.


Verse 21

toward. Greek. eis. App-104.


Verse 22

Therefore = On (Greek. dia. App-104. Luke 12:3) this [account].

Take no thought, &c. This saying is repeated from Matthew 6:25. See note there.

life. Greek. psuche. SeeApp-110. It is what can "eat".


Verse 23

The. [L] T Tr. A WH R read "For the", &c.

meat = food. Compare Matthew 6:25-34.


Verse 24

Consider, &c. See note on Matthew 7:3.

ravens. See Job 38:41. Psalms 147:9. Occurs only here in N.T.

neither sow = sow not (Greek. ou. App-105).

nor. Greek. oude.

neither have = have not, as above.

storehouse. Same as "closet "in Luke 12:3.

barn = granary.

fowls = birds.


Verse 25

to. Greek. epi. App-104.

stature = age, as in John 9:21, John 9:23. Hebrews 11:11, referring to fullness of growth, hence rendered "stature" (Luke 19:3. Ephesians 4:13). A "cubit" could not be "the least" of Luke 12:26. It must therefore be putby Figure of speech Metonymy (of Subject), App-6, for length generally: either the least measure (an inch) to his height, or a moment to his age (or life). Greek. helikia. Occurs elsewhere in Luke 2:52 and Matthew 6:27.


Verse 26

If ye, &c. Assuming the hypothesis as a fact. See App-118.

not. Compound of ou. App-105.

least. This determines the meaningof "cubit "in Luke 12:25, or it would nullify the Lord"s argument.

for. Greek. peri. App-104.


Verse 27

they grow. T Tr. A WI m. omit, and read "how they toil not", &c.

toil not, they spin not = neither toil nor spin. T A WI m. read "neither spin nor weave".

Solomon . . . was not = not even Solomon was. 1 Kings 3:13; 1 Kings 10:1-29. Song of Solomon 3:6-11.


Verse 28

grass, &c. Compare Isaiah 40:6. 1 Peter 1:24. James 1:10, James 1:11.

cast: i.e. for fuel, "oven "being put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Adjunct), App-6, for the furnace; as we say "the kettle boils" or "light the fire".

O ye of little faith. Greek. oligopistos. See all the five occurances in note on Matthew 6:30.


Verse 29

neither = and not. Greek. me. App-104.

of doubtful mind = excited. Occurs only here in N.T.


Verse 30

world. Greek. kosmos. App-129.

knoweth. Greek oida. App-132.


Verse 31

the kingdom of God. See App-114.


Verse 32

little flock. Compare Psalms 23:1. Isaiah 40:11. Matthew 26:31. John 10:12-16.

it is your Father"s good pleasure = your Father took delight. The King was present: what could He not supply?


Verse 33

Sell. Compare Acts 2:44, Acts 2:45; Acts 4:37.

that ye have. Greek. huparcho: your possessions. See note on "is", Philippians 1:3, Philippians 1:20.

bags = purses.

wax not old = never wear out.

the heavens. Plural. See notes on Matthew 6:9, Matthew 6:10. that faileth not = unfailing.

moth. Compare James 5:2.

corrupteth = destroyeth, as in Revelation 8:9; Revelation 11:18.


Verse 34

heart be also = heart also be.


Verse 35

lights = lamps. See App-130.


Verse 36

that wait for = waiting, or looking, for. Greek. prosdechomai, as in Luke 2:25, Luke 2:38; Luke 23:51. Mark 15:43. Titus 2:13.

lord. App-98. A.

when = whensoever.

will. All the texts read "may".

return. Greek. analuo. Occurs only here, and Philippians 1:1, Philippians 1:23, in N.T. In Septuagint only in the Apocryphal books, and always in the sense of returning back, as in ana-kampto (Hebrews 11:15). See Tobit 2.9. Judith 13.1. Ezra 3:3. Book of Wisdom 2.1; 5.12; 16.14. Ecclus 3.15. 2 Macc. 8.25; 9.1; 12.7; 15.28. The noun analusis = a returning back of the body to dust, as in Genesis 3:19, occurs only once, in 2 Timothy 4:6.

from = out of. Greek ek. App-104.

the wedding = the marriage feast.


Verse 37

Blessed = Happy.

servants = bondman.

watching. Greek. gregoreo, as in 1 Thessalonians 5:6, 1 Thessalonians 5:10 (wake).

verily. See note on Matthew 5:18.


Verse 38

if. Greek. ean. App-118.

second . . . third watch. See App-51. (12, 17).

so = thus.


Verse 39

goodman = master. App-98.

broken = dug. Occurs only here; Matthew 6:19, Matthew 6:20; Matthew 24:43.


Verse 40

Be = Become.


Verse 41

Lord. Note, not "Jesus". App-98. A.

to. Greek. pros. Same as "unto" in preceding clause.


Verse 42

that faithful and wise steward = the faithful steward and prudent [man].

make ruler = set.

over. Greek. epi. App-104. Not the same case as in verses: Luke 12:14, Luke 12:44.

portion of meat = measure of food. Greek. sitometrion. Occurs only here. Supposed to be a peculiar N.T. word, but it is found in the Papyri, and the kindred verb in Genesis 47:12, Genesis 47:14 (Septuagint)


Verse 44

over. Greek. epi. App-104. Not the same case as in verses: Luke 12:14, Luke 12:42.


Verse 45

delayeth. The emphasis is placed on this verb

by the Figure of speech Hyperbaton (App-6), because it is this postponement of the reckoning which leads to his evil doing.

and. Note the Figure of speech Polysyndeton (App-6) in Luke 12:45 and Luke 12:46.

menservants. See App-108.

maidens. Greek. paidiske. See Luke 22:56.


Verse 46

at = in, as in preceding clause.

is not aware = knows not. App-132.

cut him in sunder. Compare Daniel 2:5. Hebrews 11:37.

unbelievers = unfaithful.


Verse 47

And = But.

will. Greek. thelema. See App-102.

according to. Greek. pros. App-104.


Verse 48

given = committed.

of = from. Greek. para. App-104.


Verse 49

I am come = Icame, &c.

send. Greek. ballo. In fourteen out of the eighteen occurrences in Luke, rendered "cast". See verses: Luke 28:88.

fire. See Joel 2:30, &c. Had the nation received Him, all that the prophets had spoken would have been fulfilled. So would it have been had Peter"s proclamation been received (Acts 5:18-26). See note on Luke 12:51.

on = into. Greek. eis. App-104. But all the texts read epi (App-104. ix. 3). earth. Greek. ge. App-129.

what will I . . . ? = what do I wish? Figure of speech Aposiopesis, App-6(no answer being required or given).

if it be, &c. Another Aposiopesis (App-6) repeated. The Lord was "straitened "(Luke 12:50). The nation had not yet finally rejected Him. App-118.


Verse 50

I have a baptism, &c. Referring to the sufferings which had to be first accomplished. See Luke 24:26. Acts 3:18. App-115. . i.

how am I straitened = how am I being pressed. Greek. sunechomai, as in Acts 18:5 and Philippians 1:1, Philippians 1:23. The prayer in Gethsemane shows how this

was. See Luke 22:41, Luke 22:42. Hebrews 5:7.

accomplished. See Luke 9:31. John 19:28.


Verse 51

I am come = I became present, as in Acts 21:18.

to give peace. This was the object of His coming (Isaiah 9:6, Isaiah 9:7): but the e f fect of His presence would bring war. He came not to judge (John 12:47) as to this object, but the effect of His coming was judgment (John 9:39).

on = in. Greek. en. App-104.

earth = the earth. App-129.

Nay. Greek. ouchi. See App-105.

division = disunion. Occurs only here.


Verse 52

from henceforth = from(Greek. apo. App-104.) now: explaining the effect.

against. Greek. epi. App-104. Referring to Micah 7:6.


Verse 53

against. In the last four instances epi governs the ace.


Verse 54

also to the people = to the crowds also; not "in-consequent". See the Structure "L", p. 1471).

out of = from. Greek. apo. App-104.

shower. Occurs only here.

it is = it happens.


Verse 56

hypocrites. See note on Luke 11:44.

can = know [how to]. Greek. oida. App-132.

face = appearance.

sky = the heaven. Singular. See notes on Matthew 6:9, Matthew 6:10.


Verse 57

judge ye, &c. Found in an inscriptionat Amorgus, as pronouncing a just judgment, anticipating Luke 12:58.


Verse 58

When thou goest = For, when thou art brought. Introducing the reason for this conclusion of the whole argument.

adversary. Shown in the last clause to be the tax-gatherer.

to = before. Greek. epi. App-104.

the = a.

in the way. Emph. by Figure of speech Hyperbaton (App-6).

give diligence = work hard, or take pains, or do your best. Not a Latinism, but found in the OxyrhyncusPapyri, second century B.C.

delivered = set free. Occurs only here, Acts 19:12, and Hebrews 2:15.

hale = haul. Anglo-Saxon holian. Occurs only here in N.T.

officer = tax-gatherer:i.e. the adversary of the first

clause. Greek. praktor = doer, or executive officer. Thus used in the Papyri. Occurs only here in N.T.; once in LXX, Isaiah 3:12. He was the one who could cast a defaulter into prison.


Verse 59

not = by no means. Greek. ou me. App-105.

hast paid = shalt have paid. This verse is repeated from Matthew 5:28, with a different purpose, and therefore with different words,

mite. See App-51.

 


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Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Luke 12:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/luke-12.html. 1909-1922.

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