corner graphic   Hi,    
ver. 2.0.19.10.21
Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Go to classic.studylight.org/

Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes
Proverbs 21

 

 

Verse 1

the LORD. Hebrew. Jehovah. App-4.

the rivers of water. Hebrew. palgey mayim = the divisions of water [in a garden], from palag, to divide (Genesis 10:25). The name given to the small channels which divide up an Eastern (walled) garden for purposes of irrigation. See note on "rivers", Psalms 1:3. There is an Ellipsis in the second clause, and the verb must be supplied thus: The king"s heart [is] in the hand of Jehovah, As the palgey mayim [are in the hand of the gardener]. See App-74.

He turneth, &c. i.e. Jehovah directeth [the king"s heart] whithersoever He will [as the gardener directeth the water with his foot] (Deuteronomy 11:10), not needing or deigning to use a tool; so easily is it done. Illustrations: Ahab (1 Kings 18:10. Compare Proverbs 21:40); Ahasuerus (Esther 6:1); Sennacherib (2 Kings 19:27, 2 Kings 19:28, and Isaiah 10:5-7); Nebuchadnezzar (Ezekiel 29:16. Jeremiah 43:10-12); the Jews (Jeremiah 32:28. 2 Kings 24:3); Cyrus (Ezra 1:1. Isaiah 45:1); Darius (Ezra 6:22); Augustus (Luke 2:1-7. Compare Micah 5:2).


Verse 2

man. Hebrew. "ish. App-14.

pondereth = weigheth, and thus testeth. See all the occurrences of takan, to poise, 1 Samuel 2:3. 2 Kings 12:11 ("told"). Job 28:25. Psalms 75:3 (bear up). Proverbs 16:2; Proverbs 21:2 (pondereth); Proverbs 24:12 (pondereth). Isaiah 40:12 (meted), Isaiah 40:13 (directed). In Ezekiel the Niphal is rendered "equal": Proverbs 18:25, Proverbs 18:29; Proverbs 18:33.


Verse 3

justice = righteousness.

more acceptable, &c. Illustrations: Saul (1 Samuel 13:10-13; 1 Samuel 15:22); Israel (Jeremiah 7:22, Jeremiah 7:23. Amos 5:21-24); Judah (Isaiah 1:11-17); Pharisees (Matthew 9:13). Note the contrast, Proverbs 21:4.


Verse 4

And. Omit this "And".

plowing: or tillage. See App-74.

the wicked = lawless ones. Hebrew. rasha". App-44.

sin. Hebrew. chata". App-44. The special word for the sin offering. Render the verse "A lofty look and a proud heart, [which is] the tillage of the lawless, [is more acceptable to them than] the sin offering. "This supply of the Ellipsis (App-6.) from the preceding verse completes the sense, and shows that the two are strictly related.


Verse 5

thoughts = reckonings, or calculatings.

the diligent = a diligent one.


Verse 7

robbery = rapacity. Illustrations: the princes of Judah (Isaiah 1:23, Isaiah 1:24); the Jews (Jeremiah 7:9-11, Jeremiah 7:15; Jeremiah 34:10-22. Micah 3:9-12).


Verse 8

The way, &c. Render, "The way of a man laden with guilt is unsteady". Some codices, with Aramaean and Syriac, read "of a man who is an alien".

pure = upright.


Verse 9

better. See note on Proverbs 8:11.


Verse 10

the wicked = a lawless one.


Verse 11

scorner = scoffer.

instructed = corrected.


Verse 12

wickedness. Hebrew. ra a". App-44. same as "evil" in Proverbs 21:10.


Verse 13

poor = weak. Hebrew. dal. See note on Proverbs 6:11.

heard = answered. Illustrations: the Jews (Zechariah 7:9-14. Jeremiah 34:10-22); Parable (Matthew 18:30-34).


Verse 15

the just = a just one.


Verse 16

man. Hebrew. "adam. App-14.

congregation = assembly.

dead = the Rephaim, who have no resurrection. See note on "deceased" and "dead" in Isaiah 26:14, Isaiah 26:19, and App-25.


Verse 17

poor = destitute. Heb heser. See note on Proverbs 6:11.

wine. Hebrew. yayin. App-27.


Verse 18

the righteous = a righteous one.

transgressor = traitor.


Verse 19

Than, &c. Supply the Ellipsis thus: Than [in a house, or palace].


Verse 20

foolish. Hebrew. kesil. See note on Proverbs 1:7.

spendeth it up = swalloweth it up.


Verse 21

mercy = lovingkindness, or grace.


Verse 22

casteth down. Illustrations: Joshua (Joshua 6:3-21; Joshua 8:4-8); wise woman (2 Samuel 20:16-22. Compare Ecclesiastes 9:13-15).


Verse 23

keepeth = guardeth.

mouth . . . tongue. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Cause), App-6, for what is uttered by them.

troubles. Some codices, with five early printed editions, Aramaean, Septuagint, and Syriac, read "trouble" (singular)


Verse 26

coveteth greedily = craving he craveth. Figure of speech Polyptoton, for emphasis.


Verse 27

mind = purpose.


Verse 28

shall perish. Illustrations: Pashur(Jeremiah 20:4-6); Hananiah (Jeremiah 28:1-4, Jeremiah 28:10-17); the false prophets (Jeremiah 29:21); Shemaiah (Jeremiah 29:31, Jeremiah 29:32); Amaziah (Amos 7:10-17).

speaketh. Supply the Ellipsis (App-6), "speaketh [the truth] evermore. "


Verse 30

no wisdom . . . against the LORD. Illustrations: Pharaoh (Exodus 1:10. See App-23); Balak (Numbers 24:10); Ahaziah (2 Kings 1:9-17); Sennacherib (2 Chronicles 32:21; Isaiah 30:31); Haman (Esther 5:11-13; Esther 7:10).


Verse 31

safety, &c. = to Jehovah [belongeth] the salvation.

 


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Proverbs 21:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/proverbs-21.html. 1909-1922.

Lectionary Calendar
Monday, October 21st, 2019
the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29
ADVERTISEMENT
Commentary Navigator
Search This Commentary
Enter query in the box below
ADVERTISEMENT
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology