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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes
Zechariah 4

 

 

Verse 1

angel. See note on Zechariah 1:9.

man. Heb, "ish. App-14.


Verse 2

What seest thou? The fifth vision.

I said. Heb, text reads "he". Some codices, with four early printed editions, are without the Hebrew margin, "I"

behold. Figure of speech Asterismos. App-6.

candlestick = a single seven-branched lampstand, as in the Tabernacle and in the second Temple (1 Macc. 1.21; 4.49; as seen in the Arch of Titus, in Rome). The reference is to the Pentateuch (Exodus 25:31); not to Solomon"s Temple, in which there were ten separate lampstands (1 Kings 7:49). Compare Jeremiah 52:19. App-92.

and his seven lamps. Reference to Pentateuch (Ex, Zechariah 25:37).

seven pipes. This looks forward to the future, as described in Revelation 11:3-12.


Verse 4

my lord. Hebrew "adon. See App-4.


Verse 6

the LORD. Hebrew. Jehovah. App-4.

might = might [of man].

nor = and not.

power = power [of flesh].

but by, &c. i.e. as in the lampstand the oil flowed silently, without help from man,

Spirit. Hebrew. ruach App-9.

the LORD of hosts. See note on Zechariah 1:3.


Verse 7

O great mountain? Add, by supplying the Ellip sis (App-6), "[that standest in the way of Zerubbebel? ]"


Verse 9

The hands, &c. Here is the explanation of the vision.

thou shalt know. Some codices, with Aramaean, Syriac, and Vulgate, read "ye shall know".


Verse 10

plummet. Hebrew stone of tin = tin weight used as a plummet,

with those seven = these seven [lamps which thou seest these [are] the eyes", &c.; as in Zechariah 3:9.


Verse 12

empty the golden oil out of themselves = empty out of themselves [and fill] the golden [bowls],


Verse 14

the two anointed ones. Heb, the two sons of oil; looking forward again to the future, to "the two witnesses" of Revelation 11:3-13.

the Lord of the whole earth. The Hebrew adon App-4., is here specially associated with Messiah"s dominion in the earth. Compare Zechariah 6:5; Zechariah 14:9. Joshua 3:11-13. Psalms 8:1, Psalms 8:6, Psalms 8:9; Psalms 97:5. Micah 4:13.

 


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Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Zechariah 4:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/zechariah-4.html. 1909-1922.

Lectionary Calendar
Friday, November 22nd, 2019
the Week of Proper 28 / Ordinary 33
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