corner graphic   Hi,    
ver. 2.0.20.05.26
Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Go to classic.studylight.org/

Bible Commentaries

John Dummelow's Commentary on the Bible
Psalms 31

 

 

Verses 1-24

The writer of this Ps. gratefully records God's past deliverances (Psalms 31:1-8), appeals to God for help against the enemies who assail him in the present (Psalms 31:9-18), and ends with fervent thankfulness and serene assurance (Psalms 31:19-24). The language suggests a later age than David's, and has many parallels with the book of Jeremiah, the most evident being in the words 'terror on every side' (Psalms 31:13, Jeremiah 20:10). These parallels are mostly in the central section (Psalms 31:9-18), and possibly this is an insertion in the middle of an earlier Davidic Ps. In the closing vv. there are several resemblances to Psalms 27.

3. For thy name's sake] see Psalms 23:2, Psalms 23:3.

4. Strength] RV 'stronghold.'

5. The first clause of this v. formed one of the Sayings of our Lord on the Cross (Luke 23:46). The Psalmist's attitude in life was Christ's attitude in death. God of truth] i.e. of faithfulness, of changeless consistency of character. God is always true to Himself. 6. Have hated] RV 'hate.' Lying vanities] idols: see Jeremiah 8:19; Jeremiah 10:8.

7. Considered (RV 'seen'). . known] with sympathy, followed by succour.

8. Large room] RV 'large place,' the opposite of 'straits.'

9. Belly] RV 'body.'

10. Iniquity] As it stands this clause traces the Psalmist's sufferings to his sin. But the LXX and some other versions read 'affliction,' which agrees better with the context.

11. Cp. Jeremiah 20:7, Jeremiah 20:8.

12. A broken vessel] a thing altogether neglected.

13. This whole verse is closely parallel to Jeremiah 20:10. Fear was on every side] cp. Jeremiah 6:25; Jeremiah 20:3 mg 10; Jeremiah 46:5; Jeremiah 49:29; Lamentations 2:22.

15. My times] all the occasions of my life.

16. Make thy face to shine] Smile upon me in Thy favour: see Numbers 6:25.

17. This repetition of the prayer of Psalms 31:1 may suggest that after all the Ps. is a unity: cp. Psalms 25:2-3; Jeremiah 17:18. The grave] RV 'Sheol.'

19. Wrought.. before the sons of men] i.e. openly.

20. The same thought as in Psalms 27:5. Even a desert tent may be a protection if its owner is powerful. Secret] RV 'covert.'

Pride] RV 'plottings.'

21. A strong city] RM 'a fenced city.' A change of figure from the tent of Psalms 31:20. If literally understood the words might refer to Jeremiah's experiences during the siege of Jerusalem.

22. Haste] RM 'alarm.' Fear is rebuked by God's answer to prayer.

 


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Dummelow, John. "Commentary on Psalms 31:4". "John Dummelow's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dcb/psalms-31.html. 1909.

Lectionary Calendar
Tuesday, May 26th, 2020
the Seventh Week after Easter
ADVERTISEMENT
Commentary Navigator
Search This Commentary
Enter query in the box below
ADVERTISEMENT
ADVERTISEMENT
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology