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Bible Commentaries

Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Psalms 31

Verse 1

Title. A Psalm. See App-65 .

of David = by David, or relating to the true David.

LORD. Hebrew. Jehovah. App-4 .

do I put my trust = have I fled for refuge to. See App-69 .

Verse 2

ear. Figure of speech Anthropopatheia. App-6 .

deliver = rescue.

rock. Hebrew. zur. See note on Psalms 18:1 , Psalms 18:2 .

Verse 3

rock. Hebrew. sela'.

Thy name's sake. See note on Psalms 20:1 .

lead = Thou wilt gently lead.

guide = gently guide.

Pull = Thou wilt pull.

Verse 5

Into, &c. Quoted in Luke 23:4 Luke 23:6 .

hand. Figure of speech Anthropopatheia.

commit = I will commit.

spirit. Hebrew. ruach. App-9 .

redeemed = delivered by power. Hebrew. padah. See note on Exodus 13:13 . Compare Exodus 6:6 .

GOD. Hebrew El. App-4 .

Verse 6

I have hated. Some codices, with Aramaean, Septuagint, Syriac, and Vulgate, read "Thou hatest".

lying vanities = idols. See Jeremiah 8:19 ; Jeremiah 10:8 . Compare 1 John 2:8; 1 John 2:8 .

trust in = have fixed my hope on, or confidence in. Hebrew. batah. App-69 .

Verse 7

mercy = lovingkindness, or grace.

considered = looked upon.

my soul = me myself. Hebrew. nephesh. App-13 .

Verse 9

Have mercy upon = Show favour or grace to.

belly. Put by Figure of speech Synecdoche (of Part), App-6 , for "body".

Verse 10

iniquity. Hebrew. 'avah. App-44 . But Septuagint and Syriac read "humiliation".

Verse 11

reproach = derision.

my neighbours . Compare 2 Samuel 6:16 , 2 Samuel 6:20 .

Verse 12

am = became.

broken: or missing.

Verse 13

life-soul. Hebrew. nephesh. App-13 .

Verse 14

God. Hebrew. Elohim. App-4 .

Verse 15

times. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Adjunct), App-6 , for what is done in them = all my affairs.

Verse 16

face. Figure of speech Anthropopatheia. App-6 .

for Thy mercies' sake = in Thy lovingkindness.

Verse 17

wicked = lawless. Hebrew. rasha'. App-44 .

the grave. Hebrew Sheol. App-35 .

Verse 18

grievous = hard, or arrogant.

the righteous = a righteous one.

Verse 19

trust = put their trust. Same word as Psalms 31:1 .

men. Hebrew. 'adam.

Verse 20

pride = conspiracy.

man. Hebrew. 'Ish. App-14 .

pavilion = booth, or tent.

Verse 21

kindness = lovingkindness, or grace.

strong = fortified: which Zion was.

Verse 22

eyes. Figure of speech Anthropopatheia. App-6 .

Verse 23

the LORD. Hebrew 'eth Jehovah. App-4 . (Objective.)

saints = favoured, or graced ones.

Verse 24

hope in = wait for.

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Psalms 31". "Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/bul/psalms-31.html. 1909-1922.