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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Psalms 31

Introduction

1David, shewing his confidence in God, craves his help.
7He rejoices in his mercy.
9He prays in his calamity.
19He praises God for his goodness.

Verse 1

In thee, O LORD, do I put my trust; let me never be ashamed: deliver me in thy righteousness.
A. M. 2943. B.C. 1061. thee
22:4,5; 25:2; 71:1,2; Isaiah 49:23; Romans 5:5; 10:11
deliver
7:8,9; 43:1; 143:1,11,12; Daniel 9:16
Reciprocal: Psalm 7:1 - in; Psalm 22:6 - a reproach; Psalm 31:17 - Let me; Psalm 86:2 - trusteth

Verse 2

Bow down thine ear to me; deliver me speedily: be thou my strong rock, for an house of defence to save me.
Bow
71:2; 86:1; 130:2; Proverbs 22:17
deliver
40:17; 69:17; 79:1; 102:2; 143:7; Job 7:21; Luke 18:8
my strong rock
Heb. to me for a rock of strength.
18:1,2; 62:7; 94:22; Deuteronomy 32:31; 2 Samuel 22:3
an house
71:3; 90:1; 91:9; Isaiah 33:16; John 6:56; 1 John 4:12,15,16
Reciprocal: Genesis 32:11 - Deliver; 2 Kings 19:16 - bow down; 2 Chronicles 6:40 - thine ears; Isaiah 17:10 - the rock; Isaiah 32:2 - rock

Verse 3

For thou art my rock and my fortress; therefore for thy name's sake lead me, and guide me.
for thy
23:2,3; 25:11; 79:9; Joshua 7:9; Jeremiah 14:7; Ezekiel 36:21,22; Ephesians 1:12
lead
25:5,9; 43:3; 139:24; 143:10,11; Nehemiah 9:12,19; Isaiah 49:10; Luke 1:79; John 16:13
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 22:2 - General; Psalm 71:3 - my strong habitation; Psalm 109:21 - But do; Isaiah 32:2 - rock

Verse 4

Pull me out of the net that they have laid privily for me: for thou art my strength.
Pull
25:15; 35:7; 57:6; 124:7; 140:5; Proverbs 29:5; 2 Timothy 2:26
my strength
19:14; 2 Corinthians 12:9
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 22:33 - strength; Psalm 142:3 - In the way

Verse 5

Into thine hand I commit my spirit: thou hast redeemed me, O LORD God of truth.
Into
Luke 23:46; Acts 7:59; 2 Timothy 1:12
thou
71:23; 130:8; Genesis 48:16; Leviticus 25:48; Isaiah 50:2; Titus 2:14; 1 Peter 1:18,19; Revelation 5:9
God
Deuteronomy 32:4; 2 Timothy 2:13; Titus 1:2; Hebrews 6:18
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 4:9 - who hath; Psalm 34:22 - redeemeth; Psalm 49:15 - God; Psalm 69:18 - redeem; Psalm 107:2 - Let the; Ecclesiastes 9:1 - that the; Isaiah 65:16 - in the God; Jeremiah 10:10 - true God; John 10:28 - neither; 1 Peter 2:23 - but; 1 Peter 4:19 - commit

Verse 6

I have hated them that regard lying vanities: but I trust in the LORD.
hated
26:5; 139:2
lying
24:4; 96:7-9; 1 Chronicles 16:28,29; Jeremiah 10:8,15; John 2:8; Romans 1:21; 1 Corinthians 8:4; 1 Corinthians 10:20
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 32:21 - with their vanities; 1 Kings 16:26 - their vanities; Psalm 139:21 - Do not I; Jonah 2:8 - General; Acts 14:15 - from

Verse 7

I will be glad and rejoice in thy mercy: for thou hast considered my trouble; thou hast known my soul in adversities;
I will
13:5; Isaiah 49:13; Jeremiah 33:11
for
9:13; 25:18; 71:20; 119:153; Nehemiah 9:32; Job 10:9; Lamentations 3:50; 5:1
known
1:6; 142:3; Job 23:10; Isaiah 43:2; 63:9,16; John 10:27-30; 1 Corinthians 8:3; Galatians 4:9; 2 Timothy 2:19
Reciprocal: Genesis 31:42 - hath seen; Deuteronomy 2:7 - he knoweth; Psalm 13:3 - Consider; Psalm 37:18 - knoweth; Psalm 37:33 - will not; Psalm 59:16 - sing aloud; Proverbs 29:7 - considereth; Isaiah 33:18 - heart; Hosea 13:5 - know

Verse 8

And hast not shut me up into the hand of the enemy: thou hast set my feet in a large room.
shut me
88:8; Deuteronomy 32:30; 1 Samuel 17:46; 24:18; 26:8; Job 16:11; Isaiah 19:4; *marg:
set
4:1; 18:19; Job 36:16
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 23:12 - deliver; 2 Samuel 18:28 - delivered up; 2 Samuel 22:20 - brought; Job 3:23 - hedged in; Job 11:10 - shut up; Psalm 27:12 - will; Psalm 37:33 - will not; Psalm 41:11 - because; Psalm 118:5 - set me; Psalm 142:7 - my soul; Proverbs 6:3 - when; Isaiah 33:17 - that is very far off; Isaiah 33:18 - heart; Ezekiel 34:14 - feed them; Obadiah 1:14 - delivered up

Verse 9

Have mercy upon me, O LORD, for I am in trouble: mine eye is consumed with grief, yea, my soul and my belly.
mine
6:7; 88:9; Job 17:7; Lamentations 4:17; 5:17
my soul
6:1,2; 22:14,15; 38:1-10; 44:25; 73:14,26; 88:3-5; 102:3-5; 107:10; Job 33:19-22
Reciprocal: Job 16:16 - face; Psalm 6:3 - My; Psalm 32:3 - bones; Psalm 38:3 - soundness; Psalm 56:1 - Be; Lamentations 2:11 - eyes; Lamentations 3:4 - My flesh; 2 Corinthians 7:7 - mourning

Verse 10

For my life is spent with grief, and my years with sighing: my strength faileth because of mine iniquity, and my bones are consumed.
my life
78:33; 88:15; 102:3-28; Job 3:24; Romans 9:2
strength
71:9
bones
32:3,4; 102:3-5
Reciprocal: Job 17:7 - Mine eye; Psalm 6:3 - My; Psalm 6:7 - Mine; Psalm 38:6 - mourning; Lamentations 1:13 - above; Lamentations 3:4 - My flesh

Verse 11

I was a reproach among all mine enemies, but especially among my neighbours, and a fear to mine acquaintance: they that did see me without fled from me.
I was
22:6; 69:19,20; 89:50,51; Isaiah 49:7; 53:4,5; Matthew 27:39-44; Romans 15:3; Hebrews 11:36; 13:13; 1 Peter 4:14
especially
38:11; 41:8,9; 88:8,18; Job 19:13,14; Jeremiah 12:6; Micah 7:6; Matthew 10:21,22
a fear
64:8; Job 6:21-23; Matthew 26:56,74; 2 Timothy 4:16
Reciprocal: Psalm 69:8 - become; Psalm 102:8 - Mine; Psalm 109:25 - a reproach; Psalm 142:4 - but there was; Lamentations 1:2 - all her friends

Verse 12

I am forgotten as a dead man out of mind: I am like a broken vessel.
forgotten
88:4,5; Isaiah 38:11,12
a broken vessel
Heb. a vessel that perisheth.
2:9; 119:83; Isaiah 30:14; Romans 9:21,22; Revelation 2:27
Reciprocal: Genesis 40:23 - but forgat him; Psalm 88:12 - in the land; Psalm 143:3 - made me; Ecclesiastes 8:10 - they were; Jeremiah 22:28 - a despised

Verse 13

For I have heard the slander of many: fear was on every side: while they took counsel together against me, they devised to take away my life.
I have
55:10; 101:5; 1 Samuel 22:8-10; 24:9; Jeremiah 20:10; Luke 23:1,2,5
fear
56:1-3; 57:4; Jeremiah 6:25; 20:3,4; *marg:; Lamentations 2:22
while
1 Samuel 19:10-17; 20:33; 23:19,20; 2 Samuel 17:1-4; Jeremiah 11:19; Matthew 26:3,4,59; Matthew 27:1
Reciprocal: Genesis 32:7 - greatly; Genesis 37:18 - conspired; Psalm 21:11 - imagined; Psalm 35:20 - but; Psalm 41:7 - against; Psalm 64:1 - preserve; Psalm 109:2 - the mouth; Psalm 143:3 - made me; Jeremiah 49:29 - Fear; John 11:53 - they; Acts 23:12 - that

Verse 14

But I trusted in thee, O LORD: I said, Thou art my God.
Thou
16:1,2; 18:2; 22:1,2; 43:5; 56:3,4; 63:1; 71:12,22; Matthew 26:39,42; Matthew 27:46; John 20:17
Reciprocal: Psalm 11:1 - In the; Psalm 26:1 - trusted; Psalm 48:14 - this God; Psalm 140:6 - I said unto; Psalm 143:10 - for thou art; Daniel 2:21 - he changeth; Daniel 6:22 - My God; Hosea 9:17 - My God

Verse 15

My times are in thy hand: deliver me from the hand of mine enemies, and from them that persecute me.
My times
116:15; 1 Samuel 26:10; 2 Samuel 7:12; Job 24:1; Ecclesiastes 3:1-8; Luke 9:51; John 7:6,30; 12:27; 13:1; 17:1; Acts 1:7; 23:11; 27:24; 2 Timothy 4:6; 2 Peter 1:14
deliver
17:8,9,13; 71:10-12; 142:6; 143:3,12; Jeremiah 15:20,21
Reciprocal: Exodus 40:37 - General; Deuteronomy 33:3 - all his saints; Psalm 7:1 - save; Psalm 37:18 - the days; Daniel 2:21 - he changeth; Acts 17:26 - hath determined

Verse 16

Make thy face to shine upon thy servant: save me for thy mercies' sake.
Make
4:6; 30:7; 67:1; 80:3,7,19; Numbers 6:25,26; Daniel 9:17
save
6:4; 51:1; 106:45; Daniel 9:9,18; Romans 9:15,23; Ephesians 1:6,7; 2:4-7
Reciprocal: Psalm 25:7 - for thy

Verse 17

Let me not be ashamed, O LORD; for I have called upon thee: let the wicked be ashamed, and let them be silent in the grave.
Let me
1; 25:2,3; 34:5; 69:6,7; Isaiah 50:6,7; Joel 2:26,27
wicked
6:10; 35:4,26; 40:14,15; 70:2,3; 71:24; 83:16,17; Isaiah 41:11,12; Isaiah 45:16,17; 65:13,14; Jeremiah 20:11; Daniel 12:2
them
115:17; 1 Samuel 2:9; Matthew 22:12,13
silent in the grave
or, cut off for the grave.
Reciprocal: Genesis 2:25 - ashamed; Psalm 31:22 - I am; Psalm 94:17 - dwelt; Isaiah 47:5 - silent

Verse 18

Let the lying lips be put to silence; which speak grievous things proudly and contemptuously against the righteous.
the lying
12:3; 59:12; 63:11; 140:9-11; Proverbs 12:19; Isaiah 54:17; John 8:44; Revelation 21:8; Revelation 22:15
speak
64:3,4; 123:3,4; 1 Samuel 2:3; 2 Chronicles 32:16; Isaiah 37:22-24; Matthew 10:25; 12:24; John 8:48; Acts 25:7
grievous things
Heb. a hard thing.
94:4; Jude 1:15
Reciprocal: Psalm 5:10 - let; Psalm 10:2 - The wicked; Psalm 13:2 - exalted; Psalm 17:10 - with; Psalm 22:7 - shoot out; Psalm 35:4 - confounded; Psalm 40:14 - Let them be ashamed; Psalm 50:20 - speakest; Psalm 109:2 - the mouth; Proverbs 10:31 - the froward; Proverbs 14:3 - the mouth; Obadiah 1:12 - thou have; John 8:22 - Will

Verse 19

Oh how great is thy goodness, which thou hast laid up for them that fear thee; which thou hast wrought for them that trust in thee before the sons of men!
Oh
36:7-10; 73:1,24-26; 145:7-9; Isaiah 64:4; Lamentations 3:23-25; 1 Corinthians 2:9; 1 John 3:1,2
laid up
16:11; Isaiah 35:10; Colossians 3:2-4; Hebrews 10:34; James 2:5; 1 Peter 1:4,5
wrought
68:28; 126:2,3; Numbers 23:23; Isaiah 26:12; John 3:21; Acts 15:12; 2 Corinthians 5:5
Reciprocal: Exodus 1:17 - feared God; Exodus 34:6 - abundant; 2 Chronicles 9:6 - the one half; Psalm 21:3 - blessings; Psalm 23:5 - preparest; Psalm 25:13 - dwell at ease; Psalm 139:17 - how great; Zechariah 9:17 - how great is his goodness; Luke 1:50 - General; 2 Corinthians 4:17 - far; Ephesians 3:8 - unsearchable; Colossians 1:5 - laid; 2 Timothy 4:8 - there; 1 John 4:16 - we

Verse 20

Thou shalt hide them in the secret of thy presence from the pride of man: thou shalt keep them secretly in a pavilion from the strife of tongues.
hide
27:5; 32:7; 64:2; 91:1-4
from
10:2; 36:11; 40:4; 86:14; 124:5; 140:5; Exodus 18:11; James 4:6
the strife
64:2-4; 140:3; Job 5:21; Romans 13:13; 2 Corinthians 12:20; Galatians 5:20; 1 Timothy 6:4; James 3:5,6,14-16
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 17:3 - hide thyself; 1 Kings 18:10 - they found thee not; Psalm 23:5 - preparest; Psalm 37:6 - he shall; Psalm 83:3 - thy hidden; Proverbs 1:24 - stretched; Isaiah 26:20 - hide; Jeremiah 43:10 - his royal; Ezekiel 11:16 - as a; Zephaniah 2:3 - hid

Verse 21

Blessed be the LORD: for he hath shewed me his marvellous kindness in a strong city.
marvellous
17:7; 98:1; 118:23; 1 Peter 2:9
strong city
or, fenced city.
1 Samuel 23:7-13; Jeremiah 1:18
Reciprocal: Psalm 28:6 - General; Isaiah 26:1 - salvation

Verse 22

For I said in my haste, I am cut off from before thine eyes: nevertheless thou heardest the voice of my supplications when I cried unto thee.
I said
116:11; 1 Samuel 23:26; 27:1
I am
17; *marg:; 88:16; Isaiah 6:5; *marg; 38:10-12; 49:14; Job 35:14; Lamentations 3:54,55; Ezekiel 37:11; Jonah 2:4
nevertheless
6:9; 2 Chronicles 33:11-13; Jonah 2:7-9; Hebrews 5:7
Reciprocal: Job 20:2 - and for; Psalm 28:6 - General; Psalm 34:4 - sought; Psalm 37:8 - fret; Psalm 77:10 - This is; Psalm 88:5 - cut; Isaiah 33:18 - heart; Isaiah 38:11 - General; Isaiah 38:12 - he will cut; Isaiah 40:27 - sayest; Isaiah 49:14 - The Lord; Lamentations 3:18 - General; Luke 11:10 - General; 1 John 5:14 - he

Verse 23

O love the LORD, all ye his saints: for the LORD preserveth the faithful, and plentifully rewardeth the proud doer.
O love
34:9; 97:10; Deuteronomy 10:12; 30:16; Isaiah 56:6; Mark 12:23; 1 Thessalonians 4:1
saints
30:4; 89:7; 97:10; 145:10; Revelation 19:5,6
for the
Deuteronomy 33:3; 1 Samuel 2:9; John 10:27-30; Jude 1:1
plentifully
54:5; 94:2; Revelation 18:6
Reciprocal: Exodus 18:11 - proudly; 1 Kings 3:3 - loved; Psalm 16:1 - Preserve; Psalm 116:1 - because; Psalm 145:20 - preserveth

Verse 24

Be of good courage, and he shall strengthen your heart, all ye that hope in the LORD.
Be of
27:14; Isaiah 35:3,4; Luke 22:31,32; Hebrews 12:12,13; James 5:10,11
shall
29:11; 138:3; Colossians 1:11
all ye
146:5; Romans 15:12,13; 1 Peter 1:21 Reciprocal: Psalm 112:8 - heart; Lamentations 3:24 - therefore

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 31". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/psalms-31.html.