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David smites the Philistines, and takes Gath, 1.
Reduces the Moabites, 2.
Vanquishes Hadarezer, king of Zobah, 3, 4.
Overcomes the Syrians of Damascus, and takes several of their
Tou, king of Hamath, congratulates him on his victory, and
sends him vessels of silver, gold, and brass, 9, 10.
Those and the different spoils he had taken from the conquered
nations, he dedicates to God, 11.
Abishai defeats the Edomites, 12, 13.
David reigns over all Israel, 14.
His officers, 15-17.
NOTES ON CHAP. XVIII
Verse 1 Chronicles 18:1. David - took Gath and her towns — See the comparison between this chapter and 2 Samuel 8:1, &c., in the notes on the latter.
Verse 1 Chronicles 18:2. Brought gifts — Were laid under tribute.
Verse 1 Chronicles 18:9. Tou king of Hamath — Called Toi in 2 Samuel 8:9.
Verse 1 Chronicles 18:12. Abishai - slew of the Edomites — This victory is attributed to David, 2 Samuel 8:13. He sent Abishai against them, and he defeated them: this is with great propriety attributed to David as commander-in-chief; qui facit per alterum, facit per se.
Verse 1 Chronicles 18:15. Joab - was over the host — General-in-chief.
Jehoshaphat - recorder. — The king's remembrancer, or historiographer royal.
Verse 1 Chronicles 18:16. Zadok-and Abimelech - priests — Both high priests; one at Gibeon, and the other at Jerusalem, as we have seen 1 Chronicles 16:39.
Shavsha was scribe — Called Seraiah, 2 Samuel 8:17.
Verse 1 Chronicles 18:17. Cherethites and the Pelethites — 2 Samuel 8:18.
The Targum says, "Benaiah was over the great Sanhedrin and the small Sanhedrin, and consulted Urim and Thummim. And at his command the archers and slingers went to battle."
The sons of David — These were the highest in authority.
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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 1 Chronicles 18". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/
the Second Week of Advent