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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

1 Chronicles 18

Introduction

Overview

1 Chronicles 18:1, David subdues the Philistines and the Moabites; 1 Chronicles 18:3, He smites Hadarezer and the Syrians; 1 Chronicles 18:9, Tou sends Hadoram with presents to bless David; 1 Chronicles 18:11, The presents and the spoil David dedicates to God; 1 Chronicles 18:13, He puts garrisons in Edom; 1 Chronicles 18:14, David’s officers.

Verse 1

am 2964, bc 1040, An, Ex, Is, 451

after this: 2 Samuel 8:1, 2-18

Gath: 1 Samuel 5:8, 1 Samuel 27:4, 2 Samuel 1:20, 2 Samuel 8:1, Metheg-ammah

Reciprocal: Joshua 11:22 - only in Gaza Judges 13:5 - begin 2 Kings 12:17 - against Gath 2 Chronicles 11:8 - Gath 2 Chronicles 26:6 - the wall of Gath Psalms 60:8 - Moab

Verse 2

He smote: Numbers 24:17, Judges 3:29, Judges 3:30, 2 Samuel 8:2, Psalms 60:8, Isaiah 11:14

brought gifts: 1 Samuel 10:27, 1 Kings 10:2, 1 Kings 10:25, 2 Kings 3:4, 2 Kings 3:5, Psalms 68:29, Psalms 68:30, Psalms 72:8-2 Samuel :, Isaiah 16:1

Reciprocal: 2 Kings 1:1 - Moab 1 Chronicles 18:6 - became David's

Verse 3

Hadarezer: Hadadezer, הדדעזר [Strong's H1909], in the parallel passage, seems an evident mistake for הדרעזר [Strong's H1928], Hadarezer; for the LXX and Vulgate there, as here, read הסבבזבס, Adarezer. The difference arises from the mistake of a ר, raish, for a ד, daleth, two letters very similar. 2 Samuel 8:3, Hadadezer

Zobah: 1 Samuel 14:47, 2 Samuel 10:6, Psalms 60:1, *title

by the river: Genesis 15:18, Exodus 23:31

Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 1:7 - the great Joshua 1:4 - From the wilderness 2 Samuel 10:16 - Hadarezer 1 Kings 11:23 - Hadadezer 1 Chronicles 5:9 - Euphrates 1 Chronicles 18:5 - Zobah 2 Chronicles 8:3 - Hamathzobah Ezra 4:20 - mighty kings Psalms 80:11 - General

Verse 4

seven thousand: 2 Samuel 8:4, seven hundred

David: The words wyakker Dawid eth col haraichev, should be rendered, "and David disjointed all the chariots;" which is nearly the rendering of the LXX, ךבי נבסבכץףובםיה נבםפב פב בסלבפב. To have houghed the horses would have been both unreasonable and inhuman; for, as he had gained so complete a victory, there was no danger of their falling into the hands of the enemy; and if he did not choose to keep them, which indeed the law would not permit, he ought to have killed them outright., houghed, Deuteronomy 17:16, Joshua 11:6, Joshua 11:9, Psalms 20:7, Psalms 33:16, Psalms 33:17

an hundred chariots: 1 Kings 4:2, 1 Kings 10:26

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 19:7 - hired

Verse 5

the Syrians: 2 Samuel 8:5, 2 Samuel 8:6, 1 Kings 11:23, 1 Kings 11:24

Damascus: Heb. Darmesek

to help: Isaiah 8:9, Isaiah 8:10

Zobah: 1 Chronicles 18:3, 1 Samuel 14:47

Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 10:16 - Hadarezer 2 Kings 14:28 - Damascus Isaiah 17:1 - Damascus Ezekiel 47:16 - Damascus

Verse 6

became David's: 1 Chronicles 18:2, Psalms 18:43, Psalms 18:44

Thus the Lord: 1 Chronicles 17:8, Psalms 121:8, Proverbs 21:31

Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 8:5 - And when 1 Kings 4:3 - Shisha 2 Kings 14:28 - Damascus 1 Chronicles 18:13 - garrisons Ezra 4:20 - toll

Verse 7

shields: 1 Kings 10:16, 1 Kings 10:17, 1 Kings 14:26-Hosea :, 2 Chronicles 9:15, 2 Chronicles 9:16, 2 Chronicles 12:9, 2 Chronicles 12:10

Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 8:7 - shields 1 Kings 7:51 - things which David his father had dedicated 1 Chronicles 28:2 - had made ready

Verse 8

Tibhath: 2 Samuel 8:8, Betah, Berothai

wherewith: 1 Chronicles 22:14, 1 Kings 7:15-2 Corinthians :, 2 Chronicles 4:2-Joshua :, 2 Chronicles 4:12-Job :, Jeremiah 52:17-Isaiah :

Reciprocal: 1 Kings 7:51 - things which David his father had dedicated

Verse 9

Tou: 2 Samuel 8:9, Toi

Verse 10

Hadoram: or Joram, 2 Samuel 8:10, Joram, in the parallel text, seems a mistake for Hadoram, or Idoram; for the LXX have there וההןץסבל.

inquire: or salute him

congratulate him: Heb. bless him

had war: Heb. was the man of wars

all manner: 2 Chronicles 9:1, 2 Chronicles 9:23, 2 Chronicles 9:24, Isaiah 39:1

Reciprocal: Genesis 43:27 - welfare 1 Kings 7:51 - things which David his father had dedicated

Verse 11

dedicated: 1 Chronicles 22:14, 1 Chronicles 26:20, 1 Chronicles 26:26, 1 Chronicles 26:27, 1 Chronicles 29:14, Exodus 35:5, Exodus 35:21-Jeremiah :, Joshua 6:19, 2 Samuel 8:11, 2 Samuel 8:12, 1 Kings 7:51, 2 Kings 12:18, 2 Chronicles 5:1, Micah 4:13

the children: 1 Chronicles 20:1, 1 Chronicles 20:2

Amalek: 1 Samuel 27:8, 1 Samuel 27:9, 1 Samuel 30:13, 1 Samuel 30:20, Psalms 83:6, Psalms 83:7

Reciprocal: Genesis 27:40 - serve Numbers 31:28 - levy 2 Kings 12:4 - the money

Verse 12

Moreover: 1 Chronicles 2:16, 1 Chronicles 11:20, 1 Samuel 26:6, 1 Samuel 26:8, 2 Samuel 3:30, 2 Samuel 10:10, 2 Samuel 10:14, 2 Samuel 16:9-1 Kings :, 2 Samuel 19:21, 2 Samuel 19:22, 2 Samuel 20:6, 2 Samuel 21:17, 2 Samuel 23:18

Abishai: Heb. Abshai, 1 Chronicles 19:11, *marg.

slew of the Edomites: 2 Samuel 7:13, 2 Samuel 8:13, 2 Samuel 8:14, Psalms 60:1, *title Psalms 60:8, Psalms 60:9

the valley of Salt: 2 Kings 14:7, 2 Chronicles 25:11

Reciprocal: 1 Kings 11:15 - when David

Verse 13

garrisons: 1 Chronicles 18:6, 1 Samuel 10:5, 1 Samuel 13:3, 1 Samuel 14:1, 2 Samuel 7:14-Esther :, 2 Samuel 23:14, 2 Corinthians 11:32

all the Edomites: Genesis 25:23, Genesis 27:29, Genesis 27:37, Genesis 27:40, Numbers 24:18

Thus the Lord: 1 Chronicles 18:6, Psalms 18:48-Philippians :, Psalms 121:7, Psalms 144:10

Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 8:6 - the Lord 2 Samuel 8:14 - all they 1 Kings 11:15 - when David Ezra 4:20 - toll Psalms 60:1 - when he strove Psalms 60:8 - over

Verse 14

David: 1 Chronicles 12:38

executed: 2 Samuel 8:15, Psalms 78:71, Psalms 78:72, Psalms 89:14, Isaiah 9:7, Isaiah 32:1, Isaiah 32:2, Jeremiah 22:15, Jeremiah 23:5, Jeremiah 23:6, Jeremiah 33:15

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 29:26 - over all Israel Acts 13:36 - served Romans 13:6 - attending

Verse 15

Joab: 1 Chronicles 11:6, 2 Samuel 8:16

Jehoshaphat: 1 Kings 4:3

recorder: or, remembrancer

Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 20:23 - Now Joab 2 Chronicles 34:8 - recorder

Verse 16

Abimelech: 2 Samuel 8:17, Ahimelech.

Abiathar: 2 Samuel 20:25, 1 Kings 2:35

Shavsha: 2 Samuel 8:17, Seraiah, 2 Samuel 20:25, Sheva, 1 Kings 4:3, Shisha

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 15:11 - Zadok Mark 2:26 - Abiathar

Verse 17

Benaiah: 2 Samuel 8:18, 2 Samuel 15:18, 2 Samuel 20:7, 2 Samuel 20:23, 2 Samuel 23:19-Isaiah :, 1 Kings 1:38, 1 Kings 1:44, 1 Kings 2:34, 1 Kings 2:35

Cherethites: Zephaniah 2:5

about the king: Heb. at the hand of the king, 1 Chronicles 23:28, *marg.

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 30:14 - the Cherethites 2 Samuel 23:20 - Benaiah 1 Chronicles 27:5 - Benaiah Nehemiah 11:24 - at the king's

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 Chronicles 18". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/1-chronicles-18.html.