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Bible Commentaries
Revelation 14

Concordant Commentary of the New TestamentConcordant NT Commentary

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Verses 1-20

1 This is the same company of 144,000 who are sealed in the Throne Section (Revelation 7:3-8). There they are slaves, here they are worshipers, standing on Mount Zion, where the temple is. The seal on their foreheads (Revelation 7:3), the names of the Father and the Lambkin, take the place of the name of the wild beast (Revelation 13:17), which the unfaithful receive. This is the time of the harvest and these are the first fruits (Leviticus 23:10) before the full harvest, which is represented by the vast multitude (Revelation 7:9). They will be, literally, celibates, whose worship is in marked contrast to the sensuous ritual which will characterize the worship of the wild beast.

6 The eonian evangel Is not for this day. It is for the hours of judgment. In the midst of wrath He remembers mercy. But it does not call upon them to believe, as the gospel does today, for that is adapted to a time of undiluted grace (Romans 4:16). It is not even repent, for that is the door into the kingdom before the hour of judgment has struck (Acts 2:38). It is fear-fear for God in His most elemental character as the Creator. It is a demand that no one be worshiped but the One Who created the universe. This is His answer to the demands of the false prophet that all worship the wild beast and the dragon (cf.Acts 17:24-31).

The Temple Section-The Emblem of the Wild Beast

8 This notation fixes the time of Babylon's overthrow, which is greatly expanded in the next division of this section, where God deals particularly with the apostates of the chosen nation. It falls just before the final judgments which usher in the priestly kingdom. This makes it clear that the Harvest and the Vintage follow Babylon's destruction and that, when we take up the next division of the Temple Section we must go back in time to a period prior to these announcements.

10 This so-called "cup of malediction" (Psalms 75:8; Psalms 60:3; Isaiah 51:17-23), was wine fortified with myrrh, frankincense or some other bitter drug. In this case it is not tempered with water (Revelation 18:6 cf Matthew 27:34; Mark 15:23).

11 The torment spoken of in this prophecy is of various lengths and limited to specific classes. All of mankind who have not the seal of God on their foreheads will be tormented five months by the locusts, under the fifth trumpet (Revelation 9:5). Satan and the wild beast and the false prophet will be tormented (Revelation 20:10). The fumes of the torment of those here spoken of last for the eons of the eons. These are the supreme sinners of mankind, hence shall be tormented until they die (Revelation 16:2; Revelation 16:8-9, Revelation 18:8), some of them by the blade (Revelation 19:21).

13 "Happy are the dead who are dying in the Lord henceforth" can only be applied to this particular crisis. The reason is clear. No one, unless especially protected by God, can remain true to Him when they cannot buy or sell, or have any intercourse with their fellow men unless they have the emblem of the wild beast. It will mean certain death to accept the eonian evangel and worship the Creator.

THE HARVEST

14 The One like a son of mankind is, most probably, Christ Himself, hence the words "son of mankind" do not refer to Him directly but indirectly, for He is like him. The harvest is the result of the eonian evangel. The darnel has been gathered Into bundles; now the wheat is to be gathered into His barn (Matthew 13:30). This division of the Temple Section is based on the covenant with Israel, hence ends in the blessing of His people and the destruction of their enemies. These are accomplished in the Harvest and the Vintage.

Temple Section-Harvest-Vintage

THE VINTAGE

20 A stadium was 600 Greek feet, 625 Roman feet, or 125 paces, or one-eighth of a Roman mile. This is about 606 3/4 English feet. The race course at Olympia was this length. From this standard length, it became the usual name for a race course (1 Corinthians 9:24). From Harmageddon down through the valley of Jehoshaphat (Joel 3:1-2; Joel 3:9-16) to Bozrah (Isaiah 34:6-8; Isaiah 63:1-6) is a line about this length. It is likened to an enormous trough for treading grapes such as was found in almost every vineyard in Palestine. The grapes were cast in and trodden with the feet, the juice running into the vat below. The Vintage is referred to again in the next division, when the Rider on the white horse treads the wine trough of the furious indignation of God the Almighty (Revelation 19:15). Joel seems to fill in many details of this scene (Joel 3:9; Joel 3:16). After a proclamation inviting the nations to battle in the valley of Jehoshaphat, the account proceeds:

"Send forth the sickle, for the harvest is ripe:

Come, descend, for the wine trough Is full,

The vats run over.

For their evil is much.

Throngs, throngs In the vale of decision!

For the day of Jehovah Is near in the vale of decision !"

It is called The Vale of Decision for here the controversy

between Jehovah and the nations is finally decided.

Compare also Zephaniah 3:8; Isaiah 34:1; Isaiah 34:8.

Bibliographical Information
"Commentary on Revelation 14". Concordant Commentary of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/aek/revelation-14.html. 1968.
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