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On an examination of the predictions contained in the two or three succeeding chapters, which are those connected with the sounding of the seventh trumpet, it will be evident that they prefigure contests between the cause of Christ and the hostile influences to which it is exposed; the woman and the child representing the church, and the dragon her enemies. Some commentators consider these contests as the struggles of the early church against Jewish and pagan hostility; while others consider the dragon as the emblem of Popery, and of course they extend the period of this conflict down to much later times.
And there was; that is, there had been previously for the passage Revelation 12:7-12, seems introduced as a narrative of the origin of the hostility manifested by the dragon against the woman and her son.
The narrative of the persecutions of the woman, which had been left at Revelation 12:7, to explain the preceding circumstances in the history of the dragon, is now resumed.--A time, times, and a half; a year, two years, and a half; that is, three years and a half,--still another mode of varying the expression of the period already repeatedly designated in different forms. (Revelation 11:2,Revelation 11:3,Revelation 11:12:6.)
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Abbott, John S. C. & Abbott, Jacob. "Commentary on Revelation 12". "Abbott's Illustrated New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/
the Week of Proper 19 / Ordinary 24