10:1-36:23 THE KINGS OF JUDAH
Division and its consequences (10:1-13:22)
The Chronicler records the division of the kingdom (10:1-11:4; see notes on 1 Kings 12:1-24), but omits the statement in 1Ki_12:20 that Jeroboam was made king of the northern tribes. He does not even mention Jeroboam's reign (1 Kings 12:25-14:20). He considers that because the northerners broke away from the dynasty of David and from the true worship of God, they had no right to be called a kingdom, and certainly not the kingdom of Israel.
Unlike the writer of Kings (who calls the southern kingdom Judah and the northern kingdom Israel), the writer of Chronicles calls the southern kingdom either Judah or Israel. For him Judah is the only true kingdom, and the Davidic kings are the only legitimate kings. Nevertheless, he still accepts people from the north as Israelites, and is pleased when any return to God and the Davidic rulers (see 11:13-17; 15:9; 30:1-12). He sometimes refers to the northern kingdom as Ephraim.
Priests and Levites are often prominent in the Chronicler's account of Judah's successes. Solomon's son Rehoboam began his reign well, mainly through the influence of a large number of priests and Levites who fled to Judah from the north rather than join in Jeroboam's idolatry. As long as Rehoboam followed the ways of God as taught by the priests, Judah was strong and stable. When he introduced Canaanite religious practices, God punished him by way of a damaging invasion from Egypt (11:5-12:16; see notes on 1 Kings 14:21-31).
Abijam (or Abijah) followed the religious policy of his father in allowing the worship of Baal to exist side by side with the worship of God, but he did not completely forsake God as Jeroboam did in the north. Abijam's unexpected victory over Jeroboam in battle demonstrated that God was on the side of the king who belonged to David's dynasty and who refused to join in the false religion of the north (13:1-22; see notes on 1 Kings 15:1-8).
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Flemming, Donald C. "Commentary on 2 Chronicles 10". "Brideway Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/
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