free while helping to build churches and support pastors in Uganda.
Click here to learn more!
Compare the marginal references and notes. The writer here adds one or two touches, and varies in one or two of the numbers.
Hanun - A Philistine king of this name is mentioned in the Assyrian inscriptions as paying tribute to Tiglath-pileser and warring with Sargon.
A thousand talents of silver - The price is not given in Samuel. On the practice of hiring troops about this time in western Asia, see 1 Kings 15:18; 2Ki 7:6; 2 Chronicles 25:6.
They hired thirty and two thousand chariots - The reading is corrupt. Such a number as 32,000 chariots alone was never brought into battle on any occasion. Compare the numbers in Exodus 14:7; 1 Kings 10:26; 2 Chronicles 12:3. The largest force which an Assyrian king ever speaks of encountering is 3,940. The words “and horsemen” have probably fallen out of the text after the word “chariots” (compare 1 Chronicles 19:6). The 32,000 would be the number of the warriors serving on horseback or in chariots; and this number would agree closely with 2 Samuel 10:6, as the following table shows:
|2 Samuel 10:6||Men|
|Syrians of Beth-rehob and Zobah||20,000|
|Syrians of Ish-tob||12,000|
|Syrians of Maachah||1,000|
|1 Chronicles 19:7||Men|
|Syrians of Zobah, etc.||32,000|
|Syrians of Machah ( number not given)||1,000|
These files are public domain.
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 1 Chronicles 19". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/
the First Week of Advent