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Bible Commentaries

Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

1 Chronicles 19

Verse 1

Compare the marginal references and notes. The writer here adds one or two touches, and varies in one or two of the numbers.

Verse 2

Hanun - A Philistine king of this name is mentioned in the Assyrian inscriptions as paying tribute to Tiglath-pileser and warring with Sargon.

Verse 6

A thousand talents of silver - The price is not given in Samuel. On the practice of hiring troops about this time in western Asia, see 1 Kings 15:18; 2Ki 7:6; 2 Chronicles 25:6.

Verse 7

They hired thirty and two thousand chariots - The reading is corrupt. Such a number as 32,000 chariots alone was never brought into battle on any occasion. Compare the numbers in Exodus 14:7; 1 Kings 10:26; 2 Chronicles 12:3. The largest force which an Assyrian king ever speaks of encountering is 3,940. The words “and horsemen” have probably fallen out of the text after the word “chariots” (compare 1 Chronicles 19:6). The 32,000 would be the number of the warriors serving on horseback or in chariots; and this number would agree closely with 2 Samuel 10:6, as the following table shows:



2 Samuel 10:6 Men
Syrians of Beth-rehob and Zobah 20,000
Syrians of Ish-tob 12,000
Syrians of Maachah 1,000
Total 33,000
1 Chronicles 19:7 Men
Syrians of Zobah, etc. 32,000
Syrians of Machah ( number not given) 1,000
Total 33,000
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Bibliographical Information
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 1 Chronicles 19". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/bnb/1-chronicles-19.html. 1870.