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Bible Commentaries

Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

2 Chronicles 4

Verse 1

The supplementary character of Chronicles is here once more apparent. The author of Kings had omitted to record the dimensions of the brass altar. It stood in the great court 2 Chronicles 6:12-13.

Verse 3

For “oxen” we find in 1 Kings 7:24, “knops” or “gourds.” An early copyist, not comprehending the comparatively rare word here used for “gourd,” and expecting to hear of oxen, as soon as the molten sea was mentioned, changed the reading.

Verse 5

Three thousand baths - See 1 Kings 7:23 note. It is quite possible that either here or in Kings the text may have been accidentally corrupted.

Verse 7

According to their form - Rather, “after their manner” (compare 2 Chronicles 4:20). There is no allusion to the shape of the candlesticks, which were made, no doubt, after the pattern of the original candlestick of Moses.

Verse 8

The number of the tables (see 2 Chronicles 4:19) and of the basins, is additional to the information contained in Kings.

Verse 16

Huram his father - Or, “Huram his master-workman” (2 Chronicles 2:13 note).

Verse 17

Zeredathah - Or, Zarthan (marginal reference). The writer of Chronicles probably uses the name which the place bore in his own day.

Verse 19

The tables - A single table only is mentioned in 1 Kings 7:48; 2 Chronicles 29:18. It is supposed that Solomon made ten similar tables, any one of which might be used for the showbread; but that the bread was never placed on more than one table at a time.

Verse 22

The entry of the house - The text is, by some, corrected by 1 Kings 7:50, “the hinges” of the doors of the house, etc.

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Bibliographical Information
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 2 Chronicles 4". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/bnb/2-chronicles-4.html. 1870.